Category Archives: Cabdifataax Cabdullaahi “Gacmadheere”

Qaamuus Caafimaad: Soomaali-Ingiriisi

SOMALI MEDICAL DICTIONARY
SOMALI-ENGLISH Volume 1
Abdulfatah Abdullahi “Gacmadheere”
Abdi Axmed Faarax “Pakistan”

SCANSOM PUBLISHERS

Somali Medical Dictionary Somali- English Vol: 1st First Edition @ 2016
Waxaa daabacday:
Scansom Publishers
Garowe | Stockholm | Toronto

ISBN: 978-91- 85945- 33-7
©2016 Scansom Publishers.
© Xuquuqda idil wey dhowran tahay.

Musanifka galka sare: © Cabdifataax Maxamed Xasan

Book layout design: Mohamed Yusuf Harare

TUSMADA QAAMUUSKA

Hordhaca

Brofesoor Maxamed Jaamac Salaad

Waxaa sharaf iyo qaddarin ii ah ill la ii weydiistay qorista hordhaca qaamuuska caafimaadka, caddadkiisa kowaad, Soomaali- Ingiriis. Muddo intii ah ayaan ku meesanaaba- yey in maalin ka mid ah maalmaha la qoro qaamuuskan oo kale. Maanta waa Ilaah mahaddii mar haddii la gaaray ayna isku xilsaareen aqoonyahanno aan tuhunsanaa in ay a ad iyo aad ugu dhimn-duleelaan laamaha cilmiga sayni- ska. Qaamuuskani wuxuu ku soo beegmay afartan guura- dii markii la qoray af Soomaaliga. Bilowgii hore markii la qorayey af Soomaaliga, riyo umbay ahayd in lagu fakiro in af Soomaaliga lagu qori karo laamaha cilmiga haddase midaas in ay dhaboowday oo guul baan maanta joognaa.

Inkastoo aanan ka mid noqon dadkii nasiibka u helay in aan af Soomaali ku barto culuunta sanyniska, haddana xi- isaha iyo helowga aan qabo, waxaan ka mid ahaa dadkii isku xilqaamay in ay curiyaan far qoraal ah. Nasiib wanaag waan ku guuleystay, fartii waxaan u gudbiyey guddiyadii hore ee far Soomaaliga.

Dalalka adduunka waxay isku dhaafeen in dal walba afki- isa qorto kana dhigto bar tilmaameed. Taa waxaa barbar socda in ardaygu inta hore waxbarashadiisa dalkiisa wax ku barto ilaa laga gaaro heer jaamicadeed. Waxbarsho dal shisheeye marna kama haqa-beelli kartid oo Soomaalidu waatan ku maahmaahda: “Biyo sacabbadaada ayaa looga dhergaa.” Cilmiga takhasuska kaliya ayaa mud an in waxbarsho dal kale loo tago taasoo ay feer socoto garaadka ar- dayga oo aad u koroto, garta’ baahida dadkiisa iyo dalkiisa ay u qabaan waxan uu baranayo. Mudnaanta horena siiyo arrinkaas. Haatan Soomaaliya meesha ay marayso, dawlad burburtay iyo dal aan weli ka soo doogsan dagaalkii soke- eye, ayaa haddana rajada dadka aysan ka gurrin in dug- siyo iyo jaamacado la furo dalkoo idil. Ayadoo aysan jirin dawlad dhexe iyo mid hoose toona ayaa haddana dadku isku tiirsadaan awooddooda iyo gara-shadooda kaliya. Haddaba dhibaatada ka imin karta dhisme, kuraas iyo mi- isas meel laga taago oo macalimiin iyo arday ay isku hor fadhiistaan, waa rag ka rooni mooyee baahi waxbarasheed kala dheer. Marka qaamuus caatimaad haddana ku qoran af Soomaali kaalinta buuxin karo aan ku soo koobo bilow khayr qaba’.

Sidoo kale waxaan ku boorrinayaa aqoonyahannada kale in ay guntiga gaabsadaan oo laamaha kala duwan cilmiga ay qoraan qaamuusyo ku aaddan. Anigoo huba in qaamuus- kani nishaabay halkii loogu talo galay ayaan haddana am- maan iyo boogaadin u soo jeedinayaa qora-yaasha haw- shan aan is leeyahay dhaxal weyn bay maanta dhalintooda u yagleeleen. Waxaan ku hanweyn nahay in ardayda, ma- calimiinta iyo ciddii kale ay khusayso in ka ay muudsan doonaan nuxurka qaamuuskan haddii Eebbe idmo.

Mahadsanidin iyo akhris wanaagsan.

Gaalkacyo, 15/10/15
Bare Sare Maxamed Jaamac Salaad
Guddoomiye-Ku-Xigeen
Puntland University Science & Technology. (PUST)

Gogoldhig

Qaamuuskan gacantaada ku jira waa kii ugu horeeyey noociisa oo la qoro. Fikraddan mudo ayey soo guuxaysay mahad Ilaah baa leh oo maant na solonsiiyey. Marka wax la curiyo sida ilmo yar oo dhalanaya amuuruhu wey kala horeeyaan.

Tan ugu dhibaato badan af aan qornayn ase mudo qami- yaal ah lagu soo dhaqmayey waa la is ka malayn karaa. Haba ugu horeysee, afkii aan soocnayn oo aan xasilin. Tnkastoo qoraalkiisu ka soo wareegtay kontameeyo sano haddana burbur dhaqan iyo dhaqaale ayaa ummaddii ku habsaday. Sidaas ayey nala noqotay in aan la yuurarsan ee wax la qoro, noqoto dhaxal jiilalka naga dambeeya.

Waajib ayaa ina saaran maantase haggoogtaas waan iska rognay oo qaamuuskan ha inoo ahaado bilow khayr qaba. Cadadkiisan koowaad, maanta gacanta ayaa lagu hayaa. Kiisa labaadna asna wuu xigaa oo isku mar ayaa la soo af meeray.
Soomaaliya inta burburkii laga soo kabanayo dhinaca wax barashada horumar fiican ayaa la hiigsaday. Laakiin, af Soomaali ridi isku ma hawlin oo waxaa la door biday afaf- ka shisheeye. Wey iman doontaa in maalin uun loo hiiliyo. Awal baa horey loo yiri: “Af shisheeye miyey addoon u nahay.” Suuragal ma ahan in af shisheeye lagu ciil baxo, ruux aan waxba kala oggayn ayaa sidaa mooda. Xaqiiqdu waxay tahay maalin umbay soo daahiri doontaa.

Qaamuuskan waxaan ku dadaalnay in inta badan oo la heli karo ereyo af Soomaali la baadi goobo. In kastoo, dadaal dheeri ah la sameeyey haddana tabartuse intan ayey ka ba- din weyday. Mar marka qaarkood, waxaad u malaynaysaa in dhowr jeer macnuhuu soo noqnoqnayo laakiin ereyga Af Soomaaliga lagama tegin in kastoo macnaha af Ingiri- isiga isku mid yahay sida hoos ku qoran:

Raqay: 1. a tropical legu- mi-nous tree Tamarindus indica with hard yellowish wood and a fruit with an acid pulp. 2. the pulp of the par-tially used in herbal medicine especially for its laxative properties. Synott-yms: Tamarind.

Xamar: 1. a tropical legume-nous tree Tamarindus indica with hard yellowish wood and a fruit with an acid pulp. 2. the pulp of the partially dried ripe fruit of a tamarind used in herbal medicine especially for its laxative properties. Synonyms: Tamarind.

Maadaama qaamuuskan loogu tala galay ardayda, ma- calimiinta ayaa haddana la door biday ereyga la mid ah luqada kale yahay “Synonyms”meel walba ku jiro. Isticmaalka qaamuuskan waxaan filaynaa inuu si fudud oo ardaygu iyo maclimiinta wax fahmi karaa loo habeeyey. Ujeeddada ma ahan intaa kaliya laakiin waxaa isticmaa- li kara hawl wadeennada caafimaadka iyo hooyada guri joogtada ah in kala garataa cudurada si aad u sahlan.

Galka sare ee qaamuuskan waxaa masawirkan astaan u yahay wax barashada kulliyadaha caafimaadka adduunka oo idil.

Qorayaasha
Abdulfatah Gacmadheere & Dr. Abdi Farah Pakistaan.

Mahadnaq

Mahada koowaad Ilaahay bay u mudnaatay oo maanta na solan siiyay in aan hawshan isku xilqaano.

Intii aan ku soo gudo jirnay soo saarista qaamuuskan dad far a badan ayaa gacan inaga siiyey oo intooda badan aanan halkan lagu wada xusi karin dhammaantood. Waxaan ma- had aan gurin u celinaynaa bare sare Mohamed Jaamac Salaad oo iga oggolaaday inuu qoro hordhaca qaamuuskan. Maadaama uu ku takhasusay cilmiga caafimaadka waxna ka dhigo Kulliyada Caafimaadka, Puntland University Science & Technology, Gaalkacyo, Puntland, Somalia.

Waxaa ereyo qiimo leh nagu kordhiyey dad fara badan. Waxaa xigta oo ayana aan ka dhicin Idil Abdirisaaq Abu- bakar oo ka bilowday Jaamacadda Harvard in ay ka dhig- to afka Soomaaliga. Waxay noo soo dirtay buuggaag fara badan iyo talooyin la xirriira sidii erey bixinta loo kobcin lahaa. Ayana dadaal iyo wakhti ayey nagu garab gashay, anagana mahadnaq weyn bay naga mudan tahay.

Asna waxaan dabyar shidin, Abdinasir Awill oo asna mar walba noola taagnaa hiil iyo hooba. Wixii raadraac ee aan u baahano wakhti u hura oo soo dhiraan dhiriya. Dadaalkiisu wuxuu soo taxnaa intii hawshan lagu gudo jiray. Annaga- na wuxuu naga mudan yahay mahadnaq aan dhammaan. Waxaa ayana dadaal noo samaysay Kayf Cabdulqaadir Xaaji Xuseen oo wixii karaankeeda ah. Waxay inaga mudan tahay abaal aan dheeri ah mar walba dadaalkeeda.

Uruurinta ereyadan waxaa ayana gacan inaga siiyey oo aan mahad u celinayaa si wada jira ah Maxamed Yusuf Axmed ,Xaraare,’ oo ii soo gudbiyey kontomeeyo bog ay ku raseesan yihiin erey bixino ay soo diyaarisay, kulliyada waxabarashada ‘Lafoole’ ee J. U. S. Ururinta ugu dambay- say waxaa asna nagu deeqay Mustaf Cabdulaahi Gacmad- heere mida ay diyaariyeen guddiga af Soomaaliga hilaa- dihii 1972, gaar ahaan ereyada caafimaadka. Sida caadada ahayd galka, nakhshada, iyo farshanka waxaa ku faro yareystay Abdifitah Maxamed Xasan “Fiixiye” oo isugu dubariday kuna guuleystay inuu sidan iyo tayadan uu u muuqdo qaamuuskan yeesho.

Wuxuu inaga mudan yahay mahadnaq aan aan gurin. Si- doo kale bahda Scansom Publishers, Mahammed Sh. Xasan iyo Bashir I. Osman oo ka soo baxay kaalintoodii.

Ugu dambayntii waxaan ayana dadaal iyo dulqaad noo muujiyey Layla Yusuf Xaraare, Maryan Jaamac Muuse, Farah Abdi Farah, Ruqiya Abdi Farah, Ijaabo Abdi Farah iyo Muna Abdulfatah intii aan ku gudo jirnay soo saarista kitaabkan, la’aantoodna aysan waxba noo suuragaleen.

Mahadsanidin. Akhris wanaagsan.

Qorayaasha
Cabdulfataax Gacmadheere iyo Dktr. Cabdi Faarax Bakistaan

Aad u dhanaan: the condition of containing more than the normal amount of acid. Synonyms: Hyperacidity.

Aaladda shaqada maskaxda: an apparatus for detecting and recording brain waves. Synonyms: Electroencephalograph.

Aaladda shaqada wadnaha: an instrument for recording the changes of electrical potential occurring during the heartbeat used especially in diagnosing abnormalities of heart action. Synonyms: Electrocardiograph machine.

Aaladda wadnaha san- babka: a mechanical pump that maintains circulation during heart surgery by shunting blood away from the heart, oxygenating it and returning it to the body. Synonyms: Heart- lung machine.

Aalkalmiirano: an animating or vital principle methylated to give life to physic- cal organisms. Synonyms: Mythylate spirit.

Aalkol sugan: an ethanol for pharmaceutical use that at 15.56°C contains not less than 99.2 percent ethanol by weight or 99.5 percent by volume and has a specific gravity of not more than 0.7964 called also dehydrated alcohol. Synonyms: Absolute alcohol.

Aalkol: 1. an ethanol especially when considered as the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors. 2. a mixture of ethanol and water that is usually 95 percent ethanol. 3. any of a class of organic compounds that are analogous to ethanol and that are hydroxyl derivatives of hydrocarbons. Synonyms: Alcohol.

Aargon: a colorless odorless inert gaseous element found in the air and in volcanic gases and used especially in lasers and electric bulbs. Synonyms: Argon.

Aariye: an inflammation of the pleura that is typically characterized by sudden onset, painful and difficult respiration, and exudation of fluid or fibrinous material into the pleural cavity called also pleurisy. Synonyms: Pleuritis.

Aashito: 1. a sour, sharp or biting to the taste in manner, disposition or nature. 2. a derived by partial exchange of replaceable hydrogen, NaHCOr 3. of, relating to, or being an acid. Synonyms: Acid.

Aayodhiin: a nonmetallic halogen element obtained as heavy shinning black gray crystals and used especially in medicine, photography
and analysis. Synonyms: Iodine.

Aayoon: 1. an atom or group of atoms that carries a positive or negative electric charge as a result of having lost or gained one or more electron. 2. a charged subatomic particle as a free electron. Synonyms: Ion.

Abaahin: 1. the act of pairing or matching especially sexually. 2. the period during which a seasonally breeding animal is capable of mating. Synonyms: Mating.

Abar: a mutually sterile called also crosssterile. Synonyms: Sterility.

Abarqabe: 1. a failing to produce or incapable of producing an offspring. 2. a usually male with a low sperm count or female with blocked fallopian tubes as infertile especially incapable of or unsuccessful in achieving pregnancy over a considerable period of time is a year in spite of determined attempts by heterosexual intercourse without contraception. Synonyms: Sterile.

Abeeso: any of several venomous Vipera species found mostly in savannah and grasslands Bitis arietans. Synonyms: Viper.

Aboor: any of numerous palecolored soft bodied social insects Coptotermes Was- mann that live in colonies consisting of winged sexual forms, wingless sterile workers and soldiers, feed on wood and include some which are very destructive to wooden structures and trees called also white ant. Synonyms: Termites.

Aboorceliye: an agent that destroys termites and preserves the wood. Synonyms: Wood preservatives.

Abur: a foamy slaver sometimes accompanying disease or exhaustion. Synonyms: Froth.

Abuur: 1. the grains or ripened ovules of plants used for sowing. 2. a fertilized ripened ovule of a flowering plant containing an embryo and capable normally of germination to produce a new plant broadly a propagative plant structure as a spore or small dry fruit. Synonyms: Seed.

Adag: 1. not easily penetrated or not easily yielding to pressure. 2. having a harsh or acid taste. 3. a characterized by the presence of salts as of calcium or magnesium that prevent lathering with soap. Synonyms: Hard.

Addin: one of the projecting paired appendages as a human leg or arm. Synonyms: Limb.

Adeniin: a purine base CgH5N5 that codes hereditary information in the genetic code in DNA and RNA. Synonyms: Adenine.

Adhax: the articulated series of vertebrae connected by ligaments and separated by more or less elastic intervertebral fibrocartilages that in nearly all vertebrates forms the supporting axis of the body and a protection for the spinal cord and that extends from the hind end of the skull through the median dorsal part of the body to the coccyx or end of the tail called also backbone, spine, vertebral column. Synonyms: Spinal column.

Adhaxley: a phylum comprising animals having at least at some stage of development a more or less well developed notochord, a dorsally situated central nervous system, and gill clefts in the walls of the pharynx and including the vertebrates, lancelets and tunicates. Synonyms: Chordata.

Adkaansho: 1. the action of a functioning muscle or muscle fiber in which force is generated accompanied especially by shortening and thickening of the muscle or muscle fiber or some times by its lengthening 2. one of usually a series of rhythmic tightening actions of the uterine muscles as during menstruation or labor. Synonyms: Contraction.

Adkaanta beerka: a widespread disruption of normal liver structure by fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver as long as long term alcohol abuse or hepatitis. Synonyms: Cirrhosis.

Adkaanta dhegta: a growth of spongy bone in the inner ear where it gradually obstructs the oval window or round window or both and causes progressively increasing deafness. Synonyms: Otoscelerosis.

Adkayste: one that resists. Synonyms: Resister.

Af: the natural opening through which food passes into the animal body and which in vertebrates is typically bounded externally by the lips and internally by the pharynx and encloses the tongue, gums and teeth. Synonyms: Mouth.

Afarsuulle: the greater extensor muscle of the front of the thigh that is divided into four parts. Synonyms: Quadriceps.

Afbillawga: 1. the first meal of the day especially when taken in the morning. 2. the food prepared for the breakfast. Synonyms: Breakfast.

Afbukoow: any of several mouth diseases or conditions which cause white discoloration to the mouth. Synonyms: Aphtha.

Afgod: 1. any of several parasitic nematodes worms that have strong buccal hooks or plates for attaching to the host’s intestinal lining and
that include serious bloodsucking pests. 2. Infestation with or disease caused by hookworm especially a lethargic anemic state in human due to blood loss from hookworms’ feeding in the small intestine. Synonyms: Hookworm.

Aflaawe: loss of impairment of the power to use or comprehend words usually resulting from brain damage. Synonyms: Aphasia.

Afqaleyl: an abnormal dryness of the mouth due to insufficient secretions called also dry mouth. Synonyms: Xerostomia.

Afqasaal: a liquid preparation as an antiseptic solution for cleansing the mouth and teeth called also collutorium. Synonyms: Mouthwash.

Afshareer ogsajiin: a device worn over the nose and mouth through which oxygen is supplied from a storage tank. Synonyms: Oxygen mask.

Afshareer: 1. a cover or partial cover for the face used for disguise. 2. a protective covering for the face. 3. a device covering the mouth and nose to facilitate inhalation. 4. a comparable device to prevent exhalation of infective material. Synonyms: Mask.

Agaasindarada maanka: a serious mental disorder as schizophrenia characterized by defective or lost contact with reality often with hallucinations or delusions. Synonyms: Psychosis.

Agaasinka kororka dadka: 1. a control of the number of children bom especially by preventing or lessening the frequency of conception. 2. a contraceptive system in which children birth are distanced longer. Synonyms: Birth control management.

Agool: a scaly white or greyish flake of dead ski cells especially of the seal also the condition marke by excessive shedding o such flakes and usually ac companied by itching. Syn onyms: Dandruff.

Aktiiniyam: a radioactive trivalent metallic element that resembles lanthanum in chemical properties and that is found especially in pitchblende. Synonyms: Actinium.

Alkaali: a substance as a hydroxide or carbonate of an alkali metal having marked basic properties. Synonyms: Alkali.

Alumiiniyam: a bluish sil- verwhite malleable ductile light trivalent metallic element that has good electrical and thermal conductivity, high reflectivity and resistance to oxidation and is the most abundant metal in the earth’s crust where always occurs in combination. Synonyms: Aluminium.

Ambalaas: a vehicle equipped for transporting the injured or sick to l he nearby hospital. Synonyms: Ambulance.

Ameebe: an infection with nr disease caused by amoe- has Entamoeba histolytica Schuadinn. Synonyms: Amebiasis.

Ameerikiyam: a radioactive metallic element produced by bombardment of plutonium with high energy neutrons. Synonyms: Americium.

Amooniya: a pungent colorless gaseous alkaline compound of nitrogen and hydrogen NH3 that is very soluble in water and can easily be condensed to a liquid by cold and pressure. Synonyms: Ammonia.

Amooniyam: an ion NH4+ derived from ammonia by combination with a hydrogen ion and known in compounds as salts that resemble in properties the
compounds of the alkali metals. Synonyms: Ammonium.

Anatoomi: a branch of morphology that deals with the structure of organisms. Synonyms: Anatomy.

Anqaw: the joint between the foot and the leg that constitutes in humans a ginglymus joint between the tibia and fibula above the talus below called also ankle joint. Synonyms: Ankle.

Antibiyootig: 1. of or relating to antibiotics or to antibiosis. 2. tending to prevent, inhibit or destroy life. Synonyms: Antibiotic.

Antimoon: a trivalent and pentavalent metalloid element that is commonly metallic silvery white, crystalline and brittle and is used especially in alloys and semiconductors and in medicine as a constituent of various antiprotozoal agents as tartar emetic. Synonyms: Antimony.

Aqad: 1. an extreme scarcity of food and drinks. 2. a great shortage. Synonyms: Famine.

Arag odayaa: a visual condition which becomes apparent in middle age in which loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye causes defective accommodation and inability to focus sharply for near vision. Synonyms: Presbyopia.

Arag yaro: a dimness of sight especially in one eye without apparent in the eye structures called also lazy eye, lazyeye blindness. Synonyms: Amblyopia.

Arag: 1. something that is seen. 2. the process, power, or function of seeing specifically the physical sense by which light stimuli received by the eye are interpreted by the brain and constructed into a representation of the position, shape, brightness and usually color of the objects in space. Sync onyms: Sight.

Aragbeel: a partial or com plete loss of sight occurrin especially without an externally perceptible change the eye. Synonyms: Amau rosis.

Aragdhowaad: a condition in which the visual images come to the focus in front of the retina of the eye because of defects in the refraction media of the eye or of abnormal length of the eyeball resulting especially in defective vision of distant objects also called nearsightedness, short sight. Synonyms: Myopia.

Aragdhowe: a myopic individual who can not see distant objects also called myopic. Synonyms: Myope.

Aragfogaad: a condition in which visual images come to a focus behind the retina of the eye and vision is better for distant than for near objects called also far-
hlnlness, hyperopia. Synonyms: Hypermetropia.

Arami: an injury to issue usually without laceration. Synonyms: Contusion.

Arax: the articulated series ul vertebrae connected by ligaments and separated by more or less elastic intervertebral fibrocartilages that in nearly all vertebrates forms the supporting axis of the body and a protection for the spinal cord and that extends from the hind end of the skull through the median dorsal part of the body to the coccyx or end of the tail called also backbone, spine, vertebral column. Synonyms: Spinal column.

Argagax: 1. an unpleasant often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger and accompanied by increased autonomic activity. 2. an instance of fear. Synonyms: Fear.

Aroor: the articulated series
of vertebrae connected by ligaments and separated by more or less elastic intervertebral fibrocartilages that in nearly all vertebrates forms the supporting axis of the body and a protection for the spinal cord and that extends from the hind end of the skull through the median dorsal part of the body to the coccyx or end of the tail called also backbone, spinal column, vertebral column. Synonyms: Spine.

Aroore: any of the tubular branching vessels that carry blood from the capillaries toward the heart and have thinner walls than the arteries and often valves at intervals to prevent reflux of the blood which follows in a steady stream and is in the most cases darkcolored dude to the presence of reduced haemoglobin. Synonyms: Vein.

Astaan cudur: a subjective evidence of disease or physical disturbance broadly sometimes that indicates the presence of bodily disorder. Synonyms: Symptom.

Astatiin: a radioactive halogen element discovered by bombarding bismuth with alpha particles and also formed by radioactive decay. Synonyms: Astatine.

Awood: the ability to develop or come into existence. Synonyms: Potentiality.

Axal: a viscid slippery secretion that is usually rich in mucins and is produced by mucous membranes which is moistens and protects. Synonyms: Mucus®

Baabasiir: a mass of dilated veins in swollen tissue at the margin of the anus or nearby within the rectum. Synonyms: Hemorrhoids

Baaca’: 1. relating to oj being either of two smal cartilages to which the vo cal cords are attached an which are situated at th upper back part of the lar ynx. 2. relating to or bein either of a pair of small muscles or an unpaired muscle of the larynx. Synonyms: Arytenoid.

Baacle: a canal in a female mammal that leads from the uterus to the external orifice opening into vestibule between the labia minora. Synonyms: Vagina.

Baacug: a food consisting of the coagulated, compressed and usually ripened curd of milk separated from the whey. Synonyms: Cheese.

Baahi: 1. an uneasy sensation occasioned normally by the lack of food and resulting directly from stimulation of the sensory nerves of the stomach by the contraction and churning movement of the empty stomach. 2. a carving, csire or urgent need for loud. 3. a weakened disordered condition brought about by prolonged lack of food. Synonyms: Hunger.

Baal koraad: a membranous cellular tissue that covers a free surface or lines .1 tube or cavity of an animal body and serves especially to enclose and protect (he other parts of the body, lo produce secretions and excretions, and to function in assimilation. Synonyms: Epithelium.

Baalallow: 1. an abnormal infiltration and excess accumulation of serous fluid in connective tissue or in a serous cavity. 2. any of various plant diseases characterized by such swellings called also dropsy. Synonyms: Edema.

Baalka lafta ku wareegsan: the membrane of connective tissue that closely invests all bones except at the particular surfaces. Synonyms: Periosteum.

Baaluq: 1. the condition of being or the period of becoming first capable of reproducing sexually marked by maturing of the genital organs, development of secondary sex characteristics, and in humans and the higher primates by the first occurrence of menstruation in the female. 2. the age at which puberty occurs being typically between 13 and 16 years in boys and 11 and 14 in girls and often constructed legally as 14 in boys and 12 in girls. Synonyms: Puberty.

Baaniso: an agent as a drug that increases body tone. Synonyms: Tonic.

Baanji: 1. a separation of a whole into its component parts. 2. the identification or separation of ingredients of a substance. Synonyms: Analysis.

Baaqimo: a decreased or deficient secretion of milk. Synonyms: Hypogalactia.

Baar: 1. the fringe of hair edging the eyelid. 2. a single hair of the eyelashes. Synonyms: Eyelashes.

Baarabuq: 1. a superficial usually whitish growth produced especially on organic matter or living plants by fungi. 2. a fungus producing mildew. Synonyms: Mildew.

Baari: 1. the burden of mental or physical distress especially from grief, illness, or adversary. 2. the application of force to something by something else in direct contact with it. 3. the action of a force against some opposing force. Synonyms: Pressure.

Baarid1: 1. separation of a whole into its component parts. 2. the identification or separation of ingredients of a substance. Synonyms: Analysis.

Baarid2: a visual observation of the body in th course of a medical exar ination. Synonyms: Inspection.

Baaridda maydka: an examination of the body a ter death usually with sue dissection as will expos the vital organs for deter mining the cause of dea or the character and exteiV of changes produced by disease called also necropsy, postmortem, postmortem examination. Synonyms: Autopsy.

Baaris caafimaad: a general physical examination. Synonyms: Medical checkups.

Baariyum: a silver white malleable toxic bivalent metallic element of the alkaline earth group that occurs only in combination. Synonyms: Barium.

Baaro: the secretion of a sebaceous gland specifically the cheesy sebaceous matter that collects between the glans penis and tin* foreskin or around the < litoris and labia minora. Synonyms: Smegma,

H.iaruud: a crystalline salt KN03 that is strong oxi- di/ing agent and is used in medicine chiefly as diuretic t .tiled also niter, saltpeter. Synonyms: Potassium nitrate.

Haasiil: 1. a genus of rodshaped grampositive en- dosporeproducing usually aerobic bacteria of the l.imily Bacillaceae that include many saprophytes and some parasites as B. Anthracis of anthrax. 2. any bacterium of genus Bacillus broadly straight rodshaped bacterium. 3. a disease producing bacterium. Synonyms: Bacillus.

Baasleh1:1. tending to produce death or deterioration. 2. of unfavorable prognosis so as not responding favorably to treatment. Synonyms: Malignant.

Baasleh2: a highly injurious or destructive as tending to a fatal issue. Synonyms: Pernicious.

Babun: the modified upper part of the respiratory passage of airbreathing vertebrates that is bounded above by the glottis, is continuous below with the trachea, has a complex cartilaginous or bony skeleton capable of limited motion through the action of associated muscles, and in humans, most other mammals, and a few lower forms has a set of elastic vocal cords that play a major role in sound production and speech called also voice box. Synonyms: Larynx.

Bacaraarka dhegta: a curved or rounded project- tion or division as a more or less rounded or less rounded projection of a body organ or part of. Synonyms: Lobe of the ear.

Bacramayn: 1. an act or process of making fertile as an act or process of fecunddation, insemination or impregnation. 2. the process of union of two gametes whereby the somatic chromosome number is restored and the development of a new individual is initiated. Synonyms: Fertilization.

Bacrimiye: one that fertilizes specifically a substance as manure or a chemical mixture used to make soil more fertile. Synonyms: Fertilizer.

Bacrin1: 1. the quality or state of being fertile. 2. the birthrate of a population. Synonyms: Fertility.

Bacrin2: 1. a capable of growing or developing. 2. capable of breeding or reproducing. 3. a developing spores or sporebearing organs. Synonyms: Fertile.

Bacugle: a pasty covering chiefly of dead cells and sebaceous secretions that protects the skin of the fetus. Synonyms: Vemix caseosa.

Badin: the act or process of reproducing specificall the process by which plan and animals give rise to o’ spring and which fund mentally consists of the segregation of a portion of th parental body by a sexu or an asexual process an its subsequent growth an differentiation into a ne\ individual. Synonyms: Re production.

Bagteeriya: 1. any of a domain Bacteria of prokaryotic round, spiral, or rod-shaped single-celled microorganisms that may lack cell walls or are grampositive or gramnegative if they have cell walls, that are often aggregated into colonies or motile by means of flagella, that typically live in soil, water, organic matter or the bodies of plants and animals, that are usually autotrophic, saprophytic or parasitic in nutrition, and are noted for their biochemical effects and pathogenicity broadly prokaryote. 2. a domain in the system of i Ossification dividing all mg.inisms into three main r domains of life that in- »I tides the prokaryotes that iire bacteria but not those that are archaebacteria or an haea. Synonyms: Bacterium.

Hajo: a chronic contagious usually venereal and often congenital disease that is caused by a spirochete of the genus Treponema pallidum and if left untreated produces chancres, rashes, and systemic lesions in a clinical course with t hree stages continued over many years called also lues. Synonyms: Syphilis.

Bakaal: the transparent part of the coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light to the interior. Synonyms: Cornea.

Bakaro: an acute inflame- mation of the conjunctiva most commonly due to an allergic reaction or an infection usually viral, but sometimes bacterial. Synonyms: Conjunctivis.

Bakoore: a chronic contagious bacterial conjunctivitis marked by inflam- ematory granulations on the conjunctival surfaces, caused by Chlamydia of Chlamydia tranchomatis, and commonly resulting in blindness if left untreated. Synonyms: Trachoma.

Balaasmo: a fluid part especially of blood, lymph or milk that is distinguished from suspended material as the juice that can be expressed from muscle. Synonyms: Plasma.

Balaatinun: a precious greyishwhite noncorroding ductile malleable heavy metallic element that fuses with difficulty and is used especially in chemical ware and apparatus, as a catalyst, and in dental and jewellery alloys. Synonyms: Platinum.

Balalo: a digestive disturbance of ruminant animals and specially cattle market by accumulation of gas in one or more stomach compartments. Synonyms: Bloat.
Balaq: a curved or rounded projection or division specifically a usually somewhat rounded projection or division of a bodily organ or part. Synonyms: Lobe.

Balaqa sanka: an anterior projection of each cerebral hemisphere that is continuous anteriorly with the olfactory nerve. Synonyms: Olfactory lobe.

Balasmada dhiigga: the pale yellow fluid of whole blood that consists of water and its dissolved constituents including especially proteins as albumin, fibrinogen and globulins. Synonyms: Blood plasma.

Balbal: the part of the human arm between the elbow and the wrist also the corresponding part in other vertebrates. Synonymi Forearm.

Ballaadiyam: a silver whit ductile malleable metalli element that is used in electrical contacts, as a cataly and in alloys. Synonym Palladium.

Ballaarasho: the expansio of a hollow or tubular or gan. Synonyms: Ectasia.

Balooniyam: a radioactiv metallic element that i similar chemically to tellurium and bismuth, occurs especially in pitchblende and radium lead residues, and emits an alpha particle to form an isotope of lead. Synonyms: Polonium.

Balqan: an inflammation of a mucous membrane especially on chronically affecting the human nose and air passages. Synonyms: Catarrh.

Bangiga dhiigga: a place for storage of or an institution storing blood or plasma. Synonyms: Blood

It.iq: a living organism as ve.ist that caused fermen- t.ilion by virtue of its enzymes. Synonyms: Ferment.

H.iqays: 1. a chemical change with effervescence.
an enzymatically con- I roiled anaerobic breakdown of an energyrich compound as a carbohydrate to carbon dioxide and alcohol or to an organic acid broadly an enzymatically controlled transformation of an organic compound. Synonyms: Fermentation.

Baqayska alkoolada: a process in which some sugars as glucose are converted into alcohol and carbon dioxide by the action of various yeasts, molds or bacteria on carbohydrate materials as dough or sugar solutions some of which do not themselves undergo fermentation but can be hydrolyzed into fermentable substances as in the production of alcohol and alcoholic beverages. Synonyms: Alcoholic fermentation.

Baqbaq: 1. a viscous substance found in the comer of the eye after sleeping. 2. the transparent gelatin like substance filling the greater part of the eye vitreous. Synonyms: Vitreous body.

Bakhti: a dead body especially of a human being. Synonyms: Corpse.
Bar: 1. a circumscribed mark or area as a circumscribed surface lesion of disease as measles. 2. a circumscribed abnormality in an organ seen by means of Xrays or an instrument. Synonyms: Spot.

Baraf: frozen water. Synonyms: Ice.

Barar: to become distended or puffed up. Synonyms: Swell.

Bararan: something visually enlarged by the process of magnification. Synonyms: Magnified.

Bararka beeryarada: an abnormal enlargement of the spleen. Synonyms: Splenomegaly.

Baras1: a chronic infectious disease caused by a bacteria Mycobacterium leprae (Hansen) Lehman & Neumann affecting especially the skin and peripheral nerves and characterized by the formation of nodules or macules that enlarge and spread accompanied by loss of sensation with eventual paralysis, wasting of muscle, and production of deformities called also Hansen’s disease. Synonyms: Leprosy.

Baras2: a chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patches covered with white scales. Synonyms: Psoriasis.

Baras3: a progressive skin disorder that is a form of leukoderma caused by the localized or generalized destruction of melanocytes and marked by sharply ci cumscribed white spots skin. Synonyms: Vitilig

Barashada barbaaridd carruurta: the scientific study of the life and devel opment of children. Syn onyms: Pedology.

Barashada burooyinka the study of tumors. Syn onyms: Oncology.

Barashada dhalashada of, relating to, or associat ed with the study of child birth. Synonyms: Ostetric

Barashada jirrooyinka: 1 a study of the essential na ture of diseases and espe dally of the structural an functional changes pro duced by them. 2. an an atomic and physiologic deviations from the norm that constitute disease o characterize of a particula disease. 3. a treatise on or compilation of abnormalities. Synonyms: Pathology.

Barashada kansarka: the study of cancer called also nihvlogy. Synonyms: Can- icrology.

Barashada lafaha: 1. a hr.mch of anatomy dealing with the bones. 2. a bony structure of an organism. Synonyms: Osteology.

Barashada qaabka noola-ha: 1. a branch of biology that deals with the functions and activities of life or of living matter as organs, tissues, or cells and of the physical and chemical phenomena involved. 2. the organic processes and phenomena of an organism or any of its parts or of a particular bodily process.
a treatise on physiology. Synonyms: Physiology.

Barashada qaabka oogada: 1. a branch of biology that deals with the form and structure of animals and plants especially with respect to the forms, relations, metamorphoses, and phylogenetic development of organs apart from their functions. 2. the form and structure of an organism or any of its parts. Synonyms: Morphology.

Barasho daawada: 1. a substance or preparation used in treating disease. 2. the science and art dealing with the maintenance of health and die prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease. 3. the branch of medicine concerned with the non-surgical treatment of disease. Synonyms: Medicine.

Barashada cilmiga khamiirka: a science that deals with fermentation. Synonyms: Zymology.

Barashada cilmiga waabaayakeenayaasha: a branch of science that deals with viruses. Synonyms: Virology.

Barax: 1. a product of mixing as a portion of matter consisting of two or more components in varying proportions that retain their own properties. 2. an aqueous liquid medicine specifically a preparation in which insoluble substances are suspended in watery fluids by the addition of viscid material as gum, sugar, or glycerol. Synonyms: Mixture.

Barbaar: 1. one that has arrived at full development or maturity especially in size, strength or intellectual capacity. 2. a human male or female after a specific age as 18 or 21. Synonyms: Adult.

Barbax: 1. a state of inactivity and metabolic depression in animals during winter. 2. a state in which to pass the winter tin a torpid condition in which the body temperature drops to a little above freezing and metabolic activity is reduced nearly to zero usually lower vertebrates enjoy this kind of zeroing activity. Synonyms: Hibernation.

Bariweynaan: an excessive accumulation of fat on the buttocks. Synonyms: Ste-
atopygia.

Barkadhac: a twisting the neck to one side that r suits in abnormal carriag of the head and is usuall caused by muscle spasm called also wryneck. Syn onyms: Torticollis.

Barood: a sibilant whistlin sound caused by difficul or obstructed respiration Synonyms: Wheeze.

Baroomiin: a nonmetallic halogen element that i isolated as a deep red cor rosive toxic fuming liqui of disagreeable odor. Syn onyms: Bromine.

Barraaqdo: an inflammation of the lip. Synonyms: Cheilitis.

Barar lafo kalagoys: swelling disease strikes on tissues and bone joints as fingers, elbows, knees and other joints. Synonyms: Arthritis.

Barta madow: a spotting of frozen meat caused by an imperfect fungus of the genii-. Cladosporium herbarum. Synonyms: Black spot.

Ilaruur: 1. an animal tissue m insisting chiefly of cells 11i-.tended with greasy or mly matter. 2. an oily or gieasy matter up the bulk nt adipose tissue. 3. any of numerous compounds of < arbon, hydrogen and oxygen that are glycerides of fatty acids, are the chief mnstituents of plant and animal fat, are a major class nt energy-rich food, and are soluble in organic solvents as ether but not in water. 4. a solid or semisolid fat as distinguished from an oil. 5. the condition of fatness as obesity. Synonyms: Fat.

Baruurgaleen: a connective tissue in which fat is stored and which has the cells distended. Synonyms: Adipose tissue.

Basarxumo: a lack or deficiency of something necessary in form or function. Synonyms: Defect.

Baxnaanshe: the department of a hospital where newborn infants are cared for. Synonyms: Nursery.

Baxsiis: something prepared by extracting especially a medicinally active pharmaceutical solution. Synonyms: Extract.

Bayaan: 1. the quality or state of being visible. 2. a measure of the ability of radiant energy to evoke visual sensation. Synonyms: Visibility.

Bayooloji: 1. a branch of science that deals with living organisms and vital processes. 2. the plant and animal life of a region or environment. 3. the laws and phenomena relating to an organism or group. 4. a treatise on biology. Synonyms: Biology.

Beeg: 1. an instrument or utensil for measuring. 2. a standard or unit of measurement also called a system of measures like metric measure. Synonyms: Measure.

Beegid: the act or process of measuring. Synonyms: Measurement.

Beejo: 1. a retractable fold of skin that covers the glans of the penis called also foreskin. 2. a similar fold investing the clitoris. Synonyms: Prepuce.

Beer: 1. a large very vascular glandular organ of vertebrates that secretes bile and causes important changes in many of the substances contained in the blood which passes through it as by converting sugars into glycogen which it stores up until required and by forming urea, that in humans is the largest gland in the body, weighs from 40 to 60 ounces (between 1100 to 1700 grams), is a dark red color, and occupies the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity immediately below the diaphragm, that is divided by fissures into five lobes, and the receives blood both fron the hepatic artery and th portal vein and returns i to the systemic circulatioi by the hepatic veins. 2. an) of various large compounc glands associated with th< digestive tract of inverte brate animals and probably concerned with the secre tion of digestive enzymes Synonyms: Liver.

Beercaddaad: the act oi process of exhausting as the state of being exhausted. Synonyms: Exhaustion.

Beerkurus: an abnormal condition of the liver that is characterized by lipid accumulation in the hepatocytes to the extent that lipids account for more than five percent of liver weight and that is caused especially by injury, malnutrition or hep- atotoxins. Synonyms: Fatty liver.

Beerkutaal: a membranous muscular sac in which bile j from the liver is stored j
willed also cholecyst. Synonyms: Gall bladder.

Hcermidda dadka: the act nr process of reproducing ‘.pocifically the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring and which fundamentally consists of the segregation of a I )i >rtion of the parental body hv a sexual or an asexual process and its subsequent growth and differentiation mto a new individual. Synonyms: Reproduction.

Heerxaw: 1. an inflammation of the liver. 2. a disease or condition as hepatitis A or hepatitis B marked by inflammation of the liver. Synonyms: Hepatitis.

Beerxawga A: an acute usually benign hepatitis caused by a singlestranded RNA virus of the family Picorna- viridae species Hepatitis A virus of the genus Hepato- uirus that does not persist in the blood serum and is transmitted especially in food and water contaminated with infected fecal matter called also infectious hepatitis. Synonyms: Hepatitis A.

Beerxawga B: a sometimes fatal hepatitis caused by a doublestranded DNA virus species Hepatitis B vims of the genus Orthohepadnavi- rus, family Hepadnaviridae that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted especially by contact with infected blood as by transfusion or by sharing contaminated needles in illicit intravenous drug use or by contact with other infected bodily fluids as semen called also serum hepatitis. Synonyms: Hepatitis B.

Beeryaro: a highly vascular ductless abdominal organ of vertebrates that resembles a gland in an organization but is closely associated with the circulatory system, that plays a role in the final destruction of red blood cells, filtration and storage of blood, and pro33 duction of lymphocytes, and that in humans in a dark purplish flattened oblong object of a soft fragile consistency lying near the cardiac end of the stomach and consisting largely of blood and lymphoid tissue enclosed in fibroelastic capsule from which trabeculae ramify through the tissue of the organ which is divisible into a loose friable red pulp in intimate connection with the blood supply and with red blood cells free in its interstices and a denser white pulp chiefly of lymphoid tissue condensed in masses about the small arteries. Synonyms: Spleen.

Belbel: a sensation of being on fire or excessively heated. Synonyms: Burning.

Belel: 1. a sudden outburst or worsening of a disease. 2. an area of skin flush resulting from and spreading out form a local center of vascular dilation and hyperemia. 3. the presence of floating particles in the fluid of the anterior charm of the eye called also aqu ous flare. Synonyms: Flar

Berka hore: 1. relating to situated near or toward t head or toward the part the headless animals mo nearly corresponding to th head. 2. situated toward th front of the body used human anatomy because the upright posture of hu mans. Synonyms: Anterio part.

Berkeeliyam: a radioactiv metallic element produce by bombarding americiu 241 with helium ions. Syn onyms: Berkelium.

Bersed: any of vanou bodily cavities especialh when serving as or resem bling an entrance to some other cavity or space as the central cavity of the bone labyrinth of the ear. Synonyms: Vestibule.

Biciriirsi: a condition in which the visual images come to focus in front of the
M ima of the eye because ni defects in the refractive media of the eye or of abnormal length of the eye- Imil resulting especially in defective vision of distant object called also nearsightedness. Synonyms: Myopia.

Ilidaar: the state of being bald. Synonyms: Baldness.

Hidaarta ragga: androge- nctic alopecia in the male • haracterized by loss of hair on the crown and temples. Synonyms: Male pattern baldness.

Illir: I. a gas or gaseous mixture used to produce anesthesia. 2. a substance that can be used to produce, asphyxiating or irritant atmosphere. 3. a fluid as air that has neither independent shape nor volume hut tends to expand indefinitely. Synonyms: Gas.

Biixi: a part broken off or detached usually of a bone. Synonyms: Fragment.

Bikrad: a person who has not had sexual intercourse. Synonyms: Virgin.
Bilig qabe: 1. a person infected with leprosy. 2. of, relating to, or associated with leprosy. Synonyms: Leprous.

Bilig: a chronic disease caused by infection with an acidfast bacillus of the genus Mycobacterium leprae and characterized by the formation of nodules on the surface of the body and especially on the face or by the appearance of tuberculoid macules on the skin that enlarge and spread and are accompanied by loss of sensation followed sooner or later in both types if not treated by involvement of nerves with eventual paralysis, wasting of muscle, and production of deformities and mutilations called also hansenosis, Hansen’s disease, lepra. Synonyms: Leprosy.

Bilqanaanta maanka: a serious mental disorder as schizophrenia characterized by defective or lost contact with reality often with hallucinations or delusions. Synonyms: Psychoses.

Birdhicyo: a minute reddish or purplish spot containing blood that appears in skin or mucous membrane as a result of localized hemorrhage. Synonyms: Petechia.

Biriilliyam: a steelgrey light strong brittle toxic bivalent metallic element used chiefly as a hardening agent in alloys. Synonyms: Beryllium.

Biriir: the part of the face above the eyes called also brow or from. Synonyms: Forehead.

Birisiyodiimiyam: a yellowish white trivalent metallic element of the raree- arth group. Synonyms: Praseodymium.

Birta isha: the contractile usually round aperture in the iris of the eye. Synonyms:Pupil. 1

Bisha cas: a red Greek cro* on a white ground adopte* by the Geneva convention cl 1864 as the emblem to ider* tify noncombat installal tions, vehicles, and person* nel ministering to the siclj and wounded in now used as the emblem ofl the International Red Crosm and its affiliates not onl* in war but in disaster re* lief and other humanitariar* services. Synonyms: Reel Cross. *

Bishin: 1. either of th« two fleshly folds whicM surround the opening ofl the mouth in humans and* many other vertebrates and* in humans are organs ofl speech essential to certain* articulations also the pink-* ish or reddish margin of* a human lip composed of* nonglanular mucous mem-i brane and usually exposed * when the mouth takes on ¦ its natural set. 2. either of ¦ a pair of fleshy folds sur- a rounding an orifice. 3. an |matomical part or structure as a labium resembling i lip. Synonyms: Lip.

Itishkil: a convolution of tin’ mesial surface of the occipital lobe of the brain above the calcarine sulcus that forms a part of the vi-

Hishkilan: 1. of, relating to, or being a cuneiform bone or cartilage. 2. of a human skull a wedgeshaped as viewed from above. Synonyms: Coneiforme.

Hisile: any of three power- Iul triangular muscles that contribute to the adduction of the human thigh. Synonyms: Adductor.

Biskood: the act of regaining or returning toward a normal or healthy state. Synonyms: Recovery.

Biskoodsiin: 1. a therapeutic treatment as remedial treatment of mental or bodily disorder. 2. an agen- iy as treatment designed or war anfl •mal area. Synonyms: Cu- serving to bring about rehabilitation or social adjustment. Synonyms: Therapy.

Biskoodsiinta ciyaaraha: a therapy based on engagement in recreational activities as sports or music especially to enhance the functioning, independence and wellbeing of individuals affected with a disabling condition. Synonyms: Recreational therapy.

Biskoodsiinta dabiiciga: a therapy for the presserva- tion, enhancement or restoration of movement and physical function impaired or threatened by disability, injury or disease that utilizes therapeutic exercise, physical modalities as massage and electrotherapy, assistive devices, patient education and training called also physiotherapy. Synonyms: Physical therapy.

Biskoodsiinta hadalka: a therapeutic treatment of speech defects as lisping and stuttering. Synonyms: Speech therapy.

Biskoodsiinta nafta: 1. a treatment of mental or emotional disorder or maladjustment by psychological means especially involving verbal communication as in psychoanalysis, nondirective psychotherapy, reeducation or hypnosis. 2. any alteration in an individual’s interpersonal environment, relationships or life situation brought about especially by a qualified therapist and intended to have the effect of alleviating symptoms of mental or emotional disturbance. Synonyms: Psychotherapy-

Biskoodsiinta sasdanab-ka: the treatment of mental disorder and especially depression by the application of electric current to the head of a usually anesthe- tised patient that induces unconsciousness and convulsive seizures in the brain called also electroconvulsive therapy, electric therapy.
Synonyms: Electrosho therapy.

Biskoodsiiye: a perso skilled in therapeutic Synonyms: Therapeutis

Bisleys: any of three powe ful triangular muscles tha contribute to the adductio of the human thigh. Syn onyms: Adduttorie.

Bismuud: a heavy brittl greyish white chiefly triva lent metallic element that i chemically like arsenic an antimony and that is use in alloys and pharmaceuticals. Synonyms: Bismuth

Bisqin: the hair that ap pears on the lower part o the hypogastric region a puberty called also pubes Synonyms: Pubic hair.

Bixid la’aanta: abnormally delayed or infrequent passage of dry hardened feces. Synonyms: Constipation.

Bixid: having a tendency to loosen or relax specifically relieving constipation. Synonyms: Laxative.

Hiyo macdan: water natu- ially or artificially infused with mineral salts or gases as carbon dioxide. Synonyms: Mineral water.
Iliyo miiran: water that has been freed of dissolved or uuspended solids and from organisms by distillation ns for medical or chemical purposes. Synonyms: Distilled water.

Hiyo qaboojiye: refrigerated water for drinking at hot temperature areas or season. Synonyms: Water cooler.

Biyo sonkoraysan: a thick sticky liquid consisting of a concentrated solution of sugar and water with or without the addition of a flavoring agent or medicinal substance. Synonyms: Syrup.

Biyo: 1. the liquid that descends from the clouds as rain, forms streams, lakes, and seas, and is a major constituent of all living matter and that when pure is an odorless, tasteless, very slightly compressible liquid oxide of hydrogen H20 which appears bluish in thick layers, freezes 0° C. and boils at 100° C. has a maximum density at 4°C. and a high specific heat, is feebly ionized to hydrogen and hydroxyl ions, and is poor conductor of electricity and a good solvent as a natural mineral water. 2. a liquid CQntaining or resembling water as a pharmaceutical or cosmetic preparation made with water. 3. a watery solution of a gaseous or readily volatile substance. 4. a watery fluid as tears or urine formed or circulating in a living body. Synonyms: Water.

Biyobiqid: a morbid dread of water. 2. a great fear of drinking and water, often a sign of rabies disease. Synonyms: Hydrophobia.

Biyobixid: the act or process of ejaculating specifically the sudden or spontaneous discharging of a fluid as semen in orgasm from a duct. Synonyms: Ejaculation.

er layer of skin enclosing watery liquid. 3. a pock of embryonic tissue that the beginning of an orga Synonyms:Veside.

Biyobiyaad: a fluid as water that has no independent shape but has a finite volume and does not expand indefinitely and that is only slightly compressible. Synonyms: Liquid.

Biyood: 1. consisting of or filled with water. 2. consisting, sodden with, yielding water or a thin liquid. Synonyms: Watery.

Biyoqaad: a small piece of apparatus which typically consists of a narrow tube into which fluid is drawn by suction as for dispensing or measurement and retained by closing the upper end. Synonyms: Pipette.

Bocol: 1. a membranous and usually fluidfilled pouch as cyst, vacuole, or cell in human. 2. a small abnormal elevation of the out

Bog: a body partition muscle and connective tis sue specifically the parti tion separating the ches and abdominal cavities i mammals. Synonyms: Di aphragm

Bogsiiso: 1. a substance o preparation used in treat mg disease. 2. the scienc and art dealing with th maintenance of health an the prevention, alleviation or cure of disease. 3. th branch of medicine con cerned with the no surgica treatment of disease. Syn onyms:Medicine.

Bohon: an abnormal physical or psychological state of a male characterized by inability to engage in sexual intercourse because of failure to have or maintain an erection called also erectile dysfunction. Synonyms: Impotence.

liolol: 1. something rot spe- * ilically aerobic decompo- •¦ition of proteins chiefly by bacteria or the product of decay. Synonyms: Decay.

Ilooc xanuun: a painful Ihroat due to inflammation of the fauces and pharynx. Synonyms: Sore throat.

Booc: 1. the part of the neck in front of the spinal column. 2. the passage Ihrough the throat to the stomach and lungs containing the pharynx and upper part of the esophagus, the larynx, and the trachea. Synonyms: Throat.

Boodbood: a rapid pulsation especially an abnormally rapid or irregular beating of the heart as that caused by panic, arrhythmia or strenuous physical exercise. Synonyms: Palpitation.

Boog calooleed: an acute abnormal benign or malignant new growth of tissue
to the stomach. Synonyms: Stomach tumor.

Boog carbed: a break in skin or mucous membrane with loss of surface tissue, disintegration and necrosis of epithelial tissue, and often pus. Synonyms: Ulcer.

Boog: an abnormal benign or malignant new growth of tissue that possesses no physiological function and arises from uncontrolled usually rapid cellular proliferation. Synonyms: Tumor.

Boohin: 1. to pour forth tears from the eyes. 2. to exude a serous fluid. Synonyms: Weep.

Booqasho: 1. a professional call as by a physician to treat a patient. 2. a call upon a professional person as a physician or dentist for consultation or treatment. Synonyms: Visit.

Boqon: a tough cord or band of dense white fibrous connective tissue
that unites a muscle with some other part, transmits the force which the muscle exerts, and is continuous with the connective tissue epimysium and perimysium of the muscle and when inserted into a bone with the periosteum of the bone. Synonyms: Tendon.

Boromiitiyam: a radioactive metallic element of the rareearth group obtained as a fission product of uranium or from neutronirra- diated neodymium. Synonyms: Promethium.

Boroon: a trivalent metalloid element found in nature only in combination and used in metallurgy and in composite structural materials. Synonyms: Boron.

Borotagtiiniyam: a shiny metallic radio element of relatively short life. Synonyms: Protactinium.

Borotiin: any numerous naturally occurring extremely complex substances
as an enzyme antibody that consist amino acid residues joine by peptide bonds, conta’ the elements carbon, h drogen, nitrogen, oxyge usually sulphur, and occ sionally other elements a phosphorus or iron, tha! are essential constituent of all living cells, that ar synthesized from raw ma terials by plants but assim ilated as separate amin acids by animals, that ar both acidic and basic an usually colloidal in natur although many have bee crystallized, and that ar hydrolysable by acids, al kalis, proteolytic enzyme and putrefactive bacteri to polypeptides, to simple peptides, and ultimatel to alphaamino acids. Syn onyms: Protein.

Botaasiyam: a silver whit soft light low melting mom ovalent metallic element of the alkali metal group that occurs abundantly in nature especially combined in
minerals. Synonyms: Po- bissium.

Howdo: the proximal segment of the vertebrate hind or lower limb extending I r< >m the hip to the knee and supported by a single large bone. Synonyms: Thigh.

Bowdobarile: the fold or depression marking the juncture of the lower abdomen and the inner part of I he thigh also the region of this line. Synonyms: Groin.

Bu’da unugga: 1. a cellular organelle of eukaryotes that is essential to cell functions as reproduction mid protein synthesis, is composed of nuclear sap and nucleoproteinrich network from which chromosomes and nucleoli arise, and is enclosed in a definite membrane. 2. a characteristic and stable complex of atoms or groups in a molecule. Synonyms: Nucleus.

Budo daawo: a product in the form of discrete usually fine particles specifically a medicine or medicated preparation in the form of a powder. Synonyms: Medicated powder.

Budosaar: a soft usually heated and sometimes medicated mass spread on cloth and applied to sores or other lesions to supply moist warmth relieve pain or act as a counter irritant or antiseptic called also poultice. Synonyms: Cataplasm.

Bugto: an impairment of the normal state of the living animal or plant body or one of its parts that interrupts or modifies the performance of the vital functions, is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms, and is a response to environment factors as malnutrition, industrial hazards, or climate, to specific infective agents as worms, bacteria, or viruses, to inherent defects of the organism as genetic anomalies or to combinations
of these factors. Synonyms: Disease.

Bugtobaxshe: a person skilled or specializing in healing arts especially one as a physician or dentist who holds an advanced degree and is licensed to practice. Synonyms: Doctor.

Bukaan: a sick individual especially when waiting or under the care and treatment of a physician or surgeon. Synonyms: Patient.

Bukaandhowr: a person who cares for the sick or infirm specifically a licensed healthcare professional who practices independently or is supervised by a physician, surgeon, and who is skilled in promoting and maintaining health. Synonyms: Nurse.

Bukaanjiif: a hospital patient who receives lodging and food as well as treatment. Synonyms: Inpatient.

Bukaanqaad: a vehicle equipped for transporti the injured or sick. Sy onyms: Ambulance.

Bukaansocod: a patiei who is not hospitalize overnight but who visits hospital clinic, or associa ed facility for diagnosis treatment. Synonyms: Ou patient.

Bukaansocodeegta1: of, relating to, performed on o involving an ambulato patient or an outpatien Synonyms: Ambulatory

Bukaansocodeegta2: place where medicine, den tal or medical treatmen is dispensed. Synonyms Dispensary.

Bulaalid: the act or proces of reproducing specificall the process by which plant and animals give rise to off spring and which fundamentally consists of the segregation of a portion of the parental body by a sexual or an asexual process and its subsequent growth and ilitferentiation into a new individual. Synonyms: Reproduction.

Iluldi: 1. a surgical instrument that consists typically of a light slender fairly flexible pointed metal instrument like a small rod that is used typically for locating a foreign body as a bullet embedded in a part of the body for exploring a wound or superlative tract by prodding or piercing, or lor penetrating and exploring bodily passages and cavities. 2. a device as an ultrasound generator or a substance as radioactively labelled DNA used to obtain specific information as detection of a virus or location of specific segments of n nucleic acid for diagnostic or experimental purposes. Synonyms: Probe.

Bulmid: 1. the replacement of reducing or realignment of a body part in normal position or restoration of a bodily condition to normal. 2. the process of reducing by chemical or electrochemical means. 3. the psychological diminishment of emotion or needs through activity or adjustment. Synonyms: Reduction.

Bulumbulyo: 1. any of various usually nocturnal lepidopteron insects with antennae that are often feathery, with a stouter body, duller coloring, and proportionately smaller wings than the butterflies, and with larvae that are planteating caterpillars. 2. any of several small yellowish or buffcolored moths especially Tinea pellionella and Tineola bisselliella of family Tineidae whose larvae eat wool, fur, or feathers. Synonyms: Moth.

Bulutooniyam: a radioactive metallic element similar chemically to uranium that is formed as the isotope 239 by decay of neptunium and found in minute quantities in pitchblende that undergoes slow disintegration with the emission
of an alpha particle to form uranium 235, and that is fissionable with slow neutrons to yield atomic energy. Synonyms: Plutonium.

Burada candhada: a wart on the skin or adjoining mucous membrane usually near the anus and genital organs called also condyloma, condyloma acuminatum, and venereal wart. Synonyms: Genital wart.

Burada xididka: a tumor as a hemangioma or lymphangioma composed chiefly of blood vessels or lymphatic vessels. Synonyms: Angioma.

Burcad dawo: a salve or unguent for application to the skin specifically a semisolid medicinal preparation usually having a base of fatty or greasy material. Synonyms: Ointment.

Burgaanti: a usually mild laxative drug. Synonyms: Laxative.

Burhaan: a drug usually newly discovered that eli its a dramatic response * a patient’s condition call also wonder drug. Sy onyms: Miracle.

Buro bahalaad: a turn tending to produce dea or deterioration especiall tending to infiltrate, meta tasize, and terminate fat ly. Synonyms: Maligna tumor.

Buro1: 1. a swollen or dis tended part. 2. an abnor mal benign or malignan new growth of tissue tha possesses no physiologica function and arises fror uncontrolled usually rapi cellular proliferation als called neoplasm. Synonyms Tumor.

Buro2: 1. a horny projection on the skin usually of extremities produced by proliferation of the skin papillae and caused by any of numerous genotypes of the human papillomavirus. 2. any of numerous warty skin lesions not caused by human papillomaviruses. Synonyms: Wart.

Hurobahalaad: a localized .mthrax of the skin taking I he form of a pimple surrounded by a zone of edema and hyperemia and lending to become necrotic and ulcerated. Synonyms: Malignant pustule.

Hurocaanood: 1. a closed ¦<uc having a distinct membrane and developing abnormally in a body cavity or structure. 2. a body resembling a cyst as a capsule formed about a minute organism going into a resting or spore stage. Synonyms: Cyst.

Burunji: 1. a body tissue consisting of long contract when stimulated and produce motion. 2. an organ that is essentially a mass of muscle tissue attached at either end or fixed point and that by contracting moves or checks the movement of the body. Synonyms: Muscle.

Burunjiyeen: any of the elongated cells characteristic of muscle. Synonyms: Muscle fiber.

Buruq: the more or less globular capsule of the vertebrate eye formed by the sclera and cornea together with their contained structures. Synonyms: Eyeball.

Busbus: an acute contagious disease especially of children that is marked by lowgrade fever and formation of vesicles and that is caused by herpes virus of the genus Varicello virus species Human herper virus 3 called also varicella. Synonyms: Chicken pox.

Buseelid: longing for home and family while absent from them. Synonyms: Homesickness.

Bushi1: a bodily disorder or chronic disease. Synonyms: Ailment.

Bushi2: the condition of being ill as ill health. Synonyms: Sickness.

Bushideris: 1. something belonging or native to a particular people or country. 2. something restricted or peculiar to a certain locality or region. Synonyms: Endemic.

Bushirageed: a contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membrane caused by the gonococcus called also clap. Synonyms: Gonorrhea.

Bushiyawaal: the prospect of recovery as anticipated from the usual course of disease or peculiarities of the case. Synonyms: Prognosis.

Buuf: a depression in the middle of the abdomen that marks the point of former attachment of the umbilical cord to the embryo called also umbilicus. Synonyms: Navel.

Buuran: 1. an animal tissue consisting chiefly of cells distended with greasy or oily matter. 2. oily or greasy matter making up the bu of adipose tissue. 3. any numerous compounds carbon, hydrogen, and o ygen that are glycerid of fatty acids, are the chi constituents of plant an animal fat, are major cla of energyrich food, and a soluble in organic solven as ether but not in water, a solid or semisolid fat distinguished from an oi Synonyms: Fat.

Buuryo: a retractable fol of skin that covers the glan of the penis called also pre puce. Synonyms: Foreskin

Buuryoxanuun: inflamma tion of the glans penis an of the foreskin. Synonyms. Balanoposthitis.

Buux: a fully developed a’ being in its most extreme or serious forms thus possessing or exhibiting the characteristic symptoms. Synonyms: Full.

Buuxsama: a material as gold or amalgam used to Mil a cavity in a tooth. Synonyms: Filling®


Caabbe: 1. any of several veins of each side of the neck as a vein that collects (lie blood from the interior of the cranium, the superficial part of the face, and the neck, runs down the neck on the outside of the internal and common carotid arteries, and unites with the subclavian vein to form I he brachiocephalic vein called also internal jugular vein. 2. a smaller and more superficial vein that collects most of the blood from the exterior of the cranium and deep parts of the face and opens into the subclavian vein called also external jugular vein. 3. a vein that commences near the hyoid bone and joins the terminal
part of the external jugular vein or the subclavian vein called also anterior jugular vein. Synonyms: Jugular vein.

Caabuq1: 1. an infective agent or material contaminated with an infective agent. 2. a state produced by the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host 3. a disease resulting from infection. Synonyms: Infection.

Caabuq2: an abnormal
bodily protuberance or localized enlargement. Synonyms: Swelling.

Caadi: 1. according with, constituting or deviating from a norm, rule, or principle. 2. of, relating to, or characterized by average intelligence or development. 3. a subject who is normal. Synonyms: Normal.

Caado la’aan: an abnormal absence or suppression of menstruation. Synonyms: Amenorrhea.

Caado: a discharging of blood, secretions, and tissue debris from the uterus that recurs in nonpregnant human and other primate females of breeding age at approximately monthly intervals and that is considered to represent a readjustment of the uterus to the nonpregnant state following proliferative changes accompanying the preceding ovulation called also period. Synonyms: Menstruation.

Caafimaad: 1. the condition of an organism or one of its parts in which it performs its vital functions normally or properly as the state of being sound in body or mind. 2. the condition of an organism with respect to the performance of its vital functions especially as evaluated subjectively or non professionally. Synonyms: Health.
son who supervises controls or operates the prop performance of health facilities. Synonyms: Heal superintendent.

Caafimaadka guud: the a
and science dealing wi the protection and i provement of communi health by organized co munity effort and includ ing preventive medicin sanitary and social scienc Synonyms: Public healt

Caafimaadka xoolaha: o
relating to, practicing, o being the science and art o prevention, cure or allevia tion of disease and injury i animals and especially do mestic animals. Synonyms. Veterinary.

Caajis: 1. lacking the pow er to move. 2. a deficient ii active properties especiall lacking a usual or anticipated chemical or biological action. Synonyms: Inertness.

Caafimaaddhawre: a per-

Caal: an infestation with or

disease caused by parasitic worms. Synonyms: Helminthiasis.

Caalin: a person learned in science and especially natural science as a scientific investigator. Synonyms: Scientist.
Caallir: 1. an infective agent or material contaminated with an infective agent. 2. ,\ state produced by the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host. 3. a disease resulting from infection. Synonyms: Infection.
Caanaley: any of a class Mammalia of warmblooded higher vertebrates as placentals, marsupials or monotremes that nourish their young milk secreted by mammary glands, have the skin usually more or less covered with hair, and include humans. Synonyms: Mammal.
Caano: a fluid secreted by the mammary glands of females
for the nourishment of their young especially cow’s milk used as a food by humans. Synonyms: Milk.
Caanogaleen: a large pendulous organ in various mammals and especially a female domestic bovine consisting of two or more mammary glands enclosed in a common envelope and each provided with a single nipple. Synonyms: Udder.
Caanomiug: a temporary tooth of a young mammal especially one the human dentition including four incisors, two canines, and four molars in each jaw which fall out during childhood and are replaced by the permanent teeth called also baby tooth, milk tooth, primary tooth. Synonyms: Deciduous tooth.
Caaradlafgarab: the outer end of the spine of the scapula that protects the glenoid cavity, forms the outer angle of the shoulder, and
articulates with the clavicle called also acromial process. Synonyms: Acromion.
Caaro dudkiisa: a genus of arachnids including a number of small mites and formerly including all mites and ticks. Synonyms: Acarus.
Caaro1:1. an altered bodily reactivity as hypersensitivity to an antigen in response to a first exposure. 2. an exaggerated or pathological reaction as by sneezing, respiratory embarrassment, itching or skin rashes to substances, situations or physical states that are without comparable effect on the average individual. 3. a medical practice concerned with allergies. Synonyms: Allergy.
Caaro2: a localized or generalized itching due to irritation of sensory nerve endings. Synonyms: Pruritus.
Caaro3:1. an uneasy irritating sensation in the upper
surface of the skin usu ly held to result from mi stimulation of pain rece tors. 2. a skin disorder companied by an itch es dally a contagious erupti caused by an itch mite the genus Sarcoptes scab that burrows in the si and causes intense itchin Synonyms: Itch.
Caaryaysad: an erupti on the body typically wi little or no elevation abo~ the surface. Synonym Rash.
Caaryaysad kulul: a no
contagious cutaneous eru tion of red pimples wit intense itching and tinglin caused by inflammatio around the sweat due called also prickly heat. Syn onyms: Heat rash.
Caato: a series disease tha destroys the body’s abili ty to fight infection. Syn onyms: Slim.
Cabaal: a thick sticky solu tion of sugar and water of-
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Ini flavored or medicated ti». the concentration juice nl .1 fruits or certain plants. Synonyms: Syrup.
(iibbid: 1. liquid suitable lor swallowing especially In quench thirst or to provide nourishment or refreshment. 2. a draft or por- llon of liquid as water or prepared beverage taken or to be taken by an individual at one time. Synonyms: Drink.
I abbirmiskood: a measurement
of the pelvis as by a pelvimeter or by Xray examination. Synonyms: Pelvimetry.
Cabbirrid: 1. the act or process of measuring. 2. a figure, extent, or amount obtained by measuring. Synonyms: Measurement.
C’abbur1: a lack of oxygen or excess of carbon dioxide In the body that is usually caused by interruption of breathing and that causes unconsciousness. Synonyms:
Asphyxia.
Cabbur2: an excessive accumulation especially of blood or mucus called also vascular congestion. Synonyms: Nasal congestion.
Cabeeb1: an acute contagious febrile disease especially of clovenhoofed animals that is caused by any seven serotypes of a picomavirus species foot- andmouth disease virus of the genus Aphthovirus and is marked by ulcerating ves- iclees in the mouth, about the hooves, and on the udder and teats called also aftosa, aphthous fever, foot- andmouth, & hoofandmouth disease. Synonyms: Foot- andmouth disease.
Cabeeb2: a disease that is caused by a fungus of the genus Candida albicans, occurs especially in infants and children, and is marked by white patches in the oral cavity broadly called also canidiasis. Synonyms: Thrush.
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Cabsan: 1. having the faculties impaired by alcohol. 2. of, relating to, or caused by intoxication as drunken. Synonyms: Drunk.
Cabsi: filled with fear or apprehension. Synonyms: Afraid.
Cabsi cirrib go’: the danger of getting rid of completely usually certain plants and animals by killing off extinction indiscriminately. Synonyms: Danger of extermination.
Cadanyo: 1. an altered bodily reactivity as hypersensitivity to an antigen in response to a first exposure.
2. an exaggerated or pathological reaction as by sneezing, respiratory embarrassment, itching or skin rashes to substances situations, or physical states that are without comparable effect on the average individual.
3. a medical practice concerned with allergies. Synonyms: Allergy.
Caday: 1. a small tree shrub with a crooked tru seldom more than one f in diameter. 2. it contain number of medically b eficial properties includ ing abrasives, antisepti astringent, detergents, e zyme inhibitors and flu ride. Synonyms: Salvado persica.
Caddaad: a condition which the blood is deficie in red blood cells, in hem globin, or in total volum Synonyms: Anemia.
Caddiin: a connective ti sue in which fat is store and which has the cells di tended by droplets of fa Synonyms: Adipose tissu
Cadgo’: 1. an injury to tis sue usually without lac eration. 2. an injury trans mitted through unbroke skin to underlying tissu causing rupture of smal blood vessels and escape i the tissue of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration called also bruise.
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Hyn onyms: Contusion.
I till ho1: 1. a contagious lldi or mange especially with exudative crust that I* i ,iused by parasitic mites ami especially by a mite of the genus Sarcoptes scabiei. f a hardened covering of ill led secretion as blood, pl.isma, or pus that forms over a wound called also trust. Synonyms: Scabies.
( adho2: any of various persistent contagious skin diseases marked especially by rr/ematous inflamemation and loss of hair, affecting domestic animals or sometimes humans, and caused by a minute parasitic mite. Synonyms: Mange.
Cadhow: an acute virus disease of the nervous system of mammals that is caused by a Rhabdovirus curpio species Rabies virus of the genus Lyssavirus usually transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal and that is characterized typically by increased salivation,
abnormal behavior, and eventual paralysis and death when untreated. Synonyms: Rabies.
Cag: the terminal part of the vertebrate leg upon which an individual stands. Synonyms: Foot.
Cagaariye: 1. the green photosynthetic coloring matter of plants found in chloroplasts and made up chiefly of a blueblack ester C55H72MgN4Os and dark green ester C..H,0MgN4O6 called also chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b. 2. a waxy green chlorophyllcontaining substance extracted from green plants and used as a coloring agent or deodorant. Synonyms: Chlorophyll.
Cagaariyow: 1. a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, tissues, and certain body fluids caused by the deposition of bile pigments that follows interference with normal production and discharge of bile as in certain liver diseases or excessive
55
breakdown of red blood cells as after internal hemorrhage or in various hemolytic states called also icterus. 2. any disease or abnormal condition as hepatitis A or leptospirosis that is characterized by jaundice called also icterus. Synonyms: Jaundice.
Cagaarshow: 1. a chronic disease or abnormal condition characterized by jaundice. 2. a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, tissues, and body fluids caused by the deposition of bile pigments. 3. a state or attitude characterized by satiety, distaste, or hostility. Synonyms: Jaundice.
Cagaarshowga bahalaad: a
severe usually fatal disorder in which the liver degenerates and is reduced in size as a result of toxic chemicals, infection, or other agents called also acute yellow atrophy. Synonyms: Malignant jaundice.
Cagaaraha: 1. of or relating
to vegetarians. 2. consistii wholly of vegetables, frui’ grains, nuts, and sometim eggs or diary produ Synonyms: Vegetarian.
Cagaaryahan: an individ al who believes in or pra tices vegetarianism. Syi onyms: Vegetarian.
Cagago1: the thrusting the tongue against betwee the incisors during the a of swallowing which if pe sistent in early childhoo can lead to various dent abnormalities. Synonym Thrush.
Cagago2: a highly cont gious virus disease of shee and goats that is caused b~ a poxvirus species Orfviru of the genus Parapoxvirus occurs especially in youn animals, is characterize by extensive vesiculatio and subsequent ulceratio about the lips, gums, an tongue, and rarely end fatally but interferes wi nutrition and may be com plicated by secondary
56
bacterial infection called also orf, scabby mouth. Synonyms: Sore mouth.
I agta cad: a person not wearing shoes on his legs. Synonyms: Bar foot.
( jg: a limb of an animal used for supporting the body and for walking especially the lower human limbs and the part beneath I he ankle. Synonyms: Foot.
(ajar: 1. the proximal segment of the vertebrate hind or lower limb extending Irom the hip to the knee and supported by a single large bone. 2. the segment of the leg immediately distal to the thigh in a bird or In quadruped in which the true thigh is obscured. Synonyms: Thigh.
Cakaw: the pendent part of the ear especially of humans. Synonyms: Earlobe.
Calaacal: the somewhat
concave part of the human hand between the bases of the fingers and the wrist
or the corresponding part of the forefront of a lower mammal. Synonyms: Palm.
Calaamad: a subjective evidences of disease or physical disturbance observed by the patient broadly something that indicates the presence of a physical disorder. Synonyms: Symptom.
Calalin: 1. the act of chewing. 2. to crush food into smaller, softer pieces with the teeth so that it can be swallowed. Synonyms: Chew.
Calannaqsi: a food brought up into the mouth by a ruminating animal from its first stomach to be chewed again. Synonyms: Cud.
Caliqabsade: 1. a preparation of dried beetles as Spanish flies-used in medicine as a counterirritant and formerly as an aphrodisiac. 2. a green blister beetle Lytaa vesicatoria called
57
also Spanish fly. Synonyms: Cantharis.
Calool: a saclike expansion of the alimentary canal of a vertebrate communicating anteriorly with the esophagus and posterior with the duodenum and being typically a simple often curved sac with an outer serous coat, a strong complex muscular wall that contracts rhythmically, and a mucous lining membrane that contains gastric glands. Synonyms: Stomach.
Calool kedis: a severe
case or attack of indigestion marked by a burning sensation or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Synonyms: Acute indigestion.
Caloolholac: an inflammation
especially of the mucous membrane of the stomach. Synonyms: Gastritis.
Caloolifiye: an illuminated usually fiberoptic flexible or rigid tubular instrument
for visualizing the inte of a hollow organ or pz the bladder, esophagus, stomach for diagnostic therapeutic purposes typically has one or m, channels to enable passa of instruments as forceps scissors. Synonyms: En< scope.
Caloolacaddays: the inje tion of liquid into the int tine by way of the anus for cleansing or examin tion. Synonyms: Enema.
Caloolbax: having a te dency to loosen or rel specifically relieving co stipation. Synonyms: La ative.
Caloolgal: the process v* becoming pregnant involv ing fertilization or implant tation. Synonyms: Con
ception.
Caloolqabad: a pain in the stomach or epigastrium especially of a neuralgic type. Synonyms: Gastralgia.
Caloolxanuun: a pain in or
o
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Ill tin* region of the stom- #th Synonyms: Stomach- |lhr
(iiloolyow: 1. a painful or Apprehensive uneasiness of miiui usually over an impending or anticipated ill A* .t cause of anxiety. 2. an abnormal and overwhelm – tn ing sense of apprehen- Mion and fear often marked by physiological signs as kweating, tension and in- crcased pulse by doubt concerning the reality and nature of the threat, and by wlfdoubt about one’s capacity to cope with it. Synonyms: Anxiety.
Calwasaad: a frightening or distressing dream that usually awakens the sleeper. Synonyms: Nightmare.
C’alyo: a slightly alkaline secretion of water, mucin, protein, salts, and often a starchsplitting enzyme as ptyalin that is secreted into the mouth by salivary glands, lubricates ingested food and often begins
the breakdown of starches. Synonyms: Saliva.
Calyonaqsi: a food brought up into the mouth by a ruminating animal from its first stomach to be chewed again. Synonyms: Cud.
Cambaar: an inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by redness, itching and oozing vasicular lesions which become scaly, crusted, or hardened. Synonyms: Eczema.
Camoole: 1. lacking or deficient in sight especially having less than 1/10 of normal vision in the more efficient eye when refractive defects are fully corrected by lenses. 2. made or done without sight of certain objects or knowledge of certain facts that could serve for guidance or cause bias. Synonyms: Blind.
Can: the fleshy side of the face below the eye and above and to the side of the mouth broadly the lateral
59
aspect of the head. Synonyms: Cheek.
Canbaar: any of several contagious diseases of the skin, hair, or nails of humans an domestic animals caused by fungi as of the genus Trichophyton and characterized by ringshaped discolored patches on the skin that are covered with vesicles and scales called also tinea. Synonyms: Ringworm.
Canbaarta jirka: a fungal infection involving parts of the body not covered with hair called also body ringworm. Synonyms: Tinea corporis.
Cadho: 1. scabies of domestic animals. 2. a hardened covering of dried secretions as blood, plasma or pus that forms over a wound. Synonyms: Scab.
Candho gooye: an acute inflammation of the breast or udder usually caused by infection. Synonyms: Mastitis.
Candhuuf: a slightly a line secretion of water, m tin, protein, salts and oft a starchsplitting enzy as ptyalin that is secret into the mouth by saliva glands, lubricates inge ed food and often beg-’ the breakdown of starch Synonyms: Saliva.
Caqli: 1. the element complex of elements in individual that feels, pe ceives, thinks, wills and e pecially reasons. 2. the co scious mental events an capabilities in an organis 3. the organized consciou and unconscious adaptiv mental activity of an orga ism. Synonyms: Mind.
Caraf: 1. an effluvia fro a substance that affect th sense of small as an odo left by an animal on a sur face passed over. 2. a powe of smelling or characters tic of particular odor espe dally one that is agreeable. Synonyms: Scent.
Carcar: a sudden and pow-
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I’tlul expression of strong fn lmg especially one that Vi mi cannot control usually a climax of pain. Synonyms: Paroxysm.
(.triad: any of several skin diseases characterized by Hie eruption of flat papules. Nynonyms: Lichen.
Cargoy: 1. not ready or unprepared. 2. not ripe or Immature. Synonyms: Unripe.
Car jaw xanuun: an inflam- emation of cartilage. Synonyms: Chondritis.
Carjaw: 1. a usually translucent somewhat elastic tissue that composes most of the skeleton of vertebrate embryos and except for a small number of structures ns some joints, respiratory passages and the external ear is replaced by bone during ossification in the higher vertebrates. 2. a part or structure composed of cartilage. Synonyms: Cartilage.
Caro: 1. a strong feeling of displeasure and usually of antagonism. 2. a violent and uncontrolled anger called also rage. 3. an intense feeling. Synonyms: Anger.
Carodugaag: an acute virus disease of the nervous system of mammals that is caused by a Rhabdovirus carpio species Rabies virus of the genus Lyssaznrus usually transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal and that is characterized typically by increased salivation, abnormal behavior, and eventual paralysis and death when untreated called also hydrophobia. Synonyms: Rabies.
Carrab: a process of the floor of the mouth that is attached basally to the hyoid bone, that consists essentially of a mass of extrinsic muscle attaching its base to other parts, intrinsic muscle by which parts of the structure move in relation to each other, and an epithelial covering rich in sensory
end organs and small glands, and that functions especially in taking and swallowing food and as a speech organ. Synonyms: Tongue.
Carrabcelis: a thin blade rounded at both ends that is used to depress the tongue to allow for inspection of the mouth and throat. Synonyms: Tongue depressor.
Carrabay: a speech defect “or affection characterized by lisping. Synonyms: Lisp.
Carragaddis: a treatment of disease by means of residence in a suitable climate. Synonyms: Climatothera-
py
Carruurnimo: the state
or period of being a child. Synonyms: Childhood.
Carsaanyow: 1. a malignant tumor of potentially unlimited growth that expands locally by invasion and sys- temically by metastasis. 2. an abnormal state marked
by a cancer. Synony Cancer.
Carsaanyowga lafta: a s
coma derived from bo or containing bone tiss called also osteogenic sar ma. Synonyms: Osteo coma.
Carun: the fluid part esi dally of blood, lymph milk that is distinguish from suspended materi Synonyms: Plasma.
Carunkushub: the proce or the act of blood plas which is pale yellow flui of whole blood that consis* of water and its dissolve constituents to be tran fused to other patients wh are in need. Synonym Plasma transfusion.
Caruur: a young perso especially between infan cy and youth. Synonyms Child.
Casabi: 1. an easily exited or irritated. 2. of or relating to the nerves. Synonyms: Nervous.
62
i (Aiir: 1. the extractable fluid contents of cells or tis- •iirs. 2. a natural bodily fluid »is blood, lymph, or a se- \ rrHion. Synonyms: Juice.
( MNiirka caloosha: a thin Watery acid digestive fluid [ krcreted by the glands in I he
mucous membrane of Ihe stomach and containing 0.2 to 0.4 percent free hydrochloric acid and several enzymes as peps. Synonyms: Gastric juice.
( ataabid: 1. to utter a deep moan indicative of pain, grief, or annoyance. 2. to make a harsh sound as of cracking under sudden or prolonged strain. Synonyms: Groan.
Cawar: strabismus in
which the eye turns inward Inward the nose called also esotropia. Synonyms: Crosseyed.
Cawro: the organs of the reproductive system especially the external genital organs called also genitalia.
Synonyms: Genitals.
Cayaariye: an anatomical
structure resembling a pulley as the fibrous ring in the upper part of the orbit through which the tendon of the superior oblique muscle of the eye passes. Synonyms: Trochlea.
Cayayaan: any anthropoid of the class known as Jnsec- ta. Synonyms: Insect.
Cayayaanaqoon: a branch of zoology that deals with insects. Synonyms: Entomology.
Cayayaanlaaye: an agent that destroys insects. Synonyms: Insecticide.
Cayil: a notable for having an unusual amount of fat especially fleshy with superfluous flabby tissue that is not muscle. Synonyms: Fatness.
Cayillan: having excessive body fat or affected by obesity. Synonyms: Obese.
63
Caynsan: a hollowed or rounded inward like the inside of a bowl. Synonyms: Concave.
Ceejin: 1. to choke to death by compressing die throat with something as a hand or rope. 2. to obstruct seriously or fatally the normal breathing. Synonyms: Strangle.
Ceyriin: the primary taste sensation produced by acid stimuli. Synonyms: Sour.
Ciddi: a horny sheath of thickened and condensed epithelial stratum lucid- urn that grows out from a vascular matrix of dermis and protects the upper surface of the end of each finger and toe of humans and most other primates and that is stricdy homologous with the hoof or claw of other mammals from which it differs chiefly in shape and size called also nail plate. Synonyms: Nail.
Ciddidiif: a bit of skin
hanging loose at the or root of a fingernail. S onyms: Hangnail.
Cidhib: 1. the back of human foot below the j kle and behind the arch the back of the hind limb other vertebrates’ homo gous with the human he 2. an anatomical structu suggestive of the hum heel as the hind part of hoof. Synonyms: Heel.
Ciidogale: a family of se mented worms containir most of the earthwor: Synonyms: Lumbricida
Ciil1: a deep and poign, distress caused by or as if b bereavement also a cause such suffering. Synonym Grief.
Ciil2: a deepseated re
sentment, frustration an hastily accompanied by sense of being powerless t express these feelings di rectly. Synonyms: Resent ment.
Ciir1: a minute reddish o
64
purplish spot containing blood that appears in skin or mucous membrane as a n•suit of localized hemorrhage. Synonyms: Petechi- m*
(lir2: 1. the liquid left after hotter has been churned I mm milk or cream. 2. a cultured milk made by the addition of suitable bacteria to sweet milk. Synonyms: Buttermilk.
C’ilaacil: the spread of a disci rseproducing agency as cancer cells or bacteria from the initial or primary site of disease to another part of the body. Synonyms: Metastasis.
Cilin: a person of unusually small stature especially one whose bodily proportions nre abnormal. Synonyms: Dwarf.
Cillaan: 1. a reddishbrown dye obtained from leaves of the henna plant and used especially on hair. 2. n shrub or small tree Lazvso-
nia inermis of the loosestrife family with small opposite leaves and panicles of fragrant usually white flowers. Synonyms: Henna.
Cilmi: knowledge or a system of knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as obtained and tested through the scientific method and concerned with the physical world and its phenomena. Synonyms: Science.
Cilmiga barashada an- shaxa xoolaha: the scientific and objective study of animal behavior especially under natural conditions. Synonyms: Ethology.
Cilmiga barashada cud- durada: 1. the study of the essential nature of diseases and especially of the structural and functional changes produced by them. 2. the anatomic and physiological deviations from the normal that constitute disease or characterize a particular
disease. 3. a treatise on or compilation of abnormalities. Synonyms: Pathology.
Cilmiga biskoodsiinta cuddurada: a branch of medical science dealing with the application of remedies to diseases called also therapeusis. Synonyms: Therapeutics.
Cilmiga bulshada: the science of society, social institutions, and social relationships specifically the systematic study of the development, structure, interaction and collective behavior of organized groups of human beings. Synonyms: Sociology.
Cilmiga cimilada; the science that deals with climates and their phenomena upon environment. Synonyms: Climatology.
Cilmiga cudurrada addim- mada: a branch of medicine concerned with the correction or prevention of deformities, disorders or injuries
of the skeleton and ass ated structures as tend and ligaments. Synon} Orthopedics.
Cilmiga cudurrada c ruurta: a branch of me cine dealing with the dev opment, care, and disea of children. Synonyms: diatrics.
Cilmiga cudurrada hara
ga: a branch of scien dealing with the skin, i structure, functions, a diseases. Synonyms: De matology.
Cilmiga cudurrada in haha: a branch of medic science with the structur functions, and diseases the eye. Synonyms: Op thalmology.
Cilmiga daaweynta ma kaxda: a branch of medicin that deals with the scienc and practice of treatmen mental, emotional or be havioral disorders especial ly as originating in endog enous causes or resultin
66
(mm faulty interpersonal ir l,i t ion ships. Synonyms: iSychiatry.
( lliniga dhakhtarnimada:
1 the science and art dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure disease.
2 the branch of medicine concerned with the non mirgical treatment of disease. Synonyms: Medical ncience.
Cilmiga dhalshada: a
branch of medical science lhat deals with birth and with its antecedents and sequelae. Synonyms: Obstetrics.
Cilmiga horumaiinta bed- qabka aadanaha: a science that deals with development of human wellbeing by improvement of living conditions. Synonyms: Eu- thenics.
Cilmiga kalasooca noola-
ha: 1. the study of the general principles of scientific classification. 2. an orderly
classification of plants and animals according to their presumed natural relationships. Synonyms: Taxonomy.
Cilmiga sababaha cudurrada: a branch of medical science dealing with the causes and origin of diseases. Synonyms: Etiology.
Cilminafsi: 1. the science and study of mind and behavior. 2. the mental or behavioral characteristics typical of an individual, group or a particular form of behavior. 3. a treatise on or a school, system, or branch of psychology. Synonyms: Psychology.
Cimri dheerid: 1. a long duration of individual life. 2. a length of life. Synonyms: Longevity.
Cimri: 1. the part of life from birth to a given time. 2. an individual’s development measured in terms of the years for like development of an average individ-
ual. Synonyms: Age.
Ciniinnimo: 1. the quality or state of not being potent. 2. an abnormal physical or psychological state of a male characterized by inability to engage in sexual intercourse because of failure to have or maintain an erection called also erectile dysfunction. Synonyms: Impotence.
Cinjir: an elastic substance that is obtained by coagulating the milky juice of any of various tropical plants as of the genera Hevea and Ficus is essentially a polymer of isoprene, and is prepared as sheets and then dried called also caoutchouc, indian rubber. Synonyms: Rubber.
Cirlumin: a loss of appetite especially when prolonged. Synonyms: Anorexia.
Cirluminta bahaleed: a serious eating disorder primarily of young women in their teens and early twenties
that is character especially by a pathologi fear of weight gain lead’ to faulty eating patte malnutrition and usua excessive weight loss. S onyms: Anorexia nervo
Cirrib: the back of the h man foot below the and behind the arch. S onyms: Heel.
Cirri d: the tissue that s rounds the necks of teeth and covers the alve lar parts of the jaws. Sy onyms: Gum.
Cirro: a white slend
threadlike outgrowth of epidermis of human bein specifically at advance age. Synonyms: Whi
hair.
Ciyaalnimo: a state or pe riod of being a child. Syn onyms: Childhood.
Cod: a sound produce b- vertebrates by means o lungs, larynx or syrinx es pecially sound produced by human beings. Syn-
onyms: Voice.
I odcod: semifluid clarified I Milter made. Synonyms: (ihee.
( odgaab: a loss of voice »ind of all but whispered ipeech. Synonyms: Aphonia.
Codka sheegashada wad- naha: an atypical sound of the heart typically indicating a functional or structur- itl abnormality called also murmur. Synonyms: Heart murmur.
Coobbe: 1. any of several veins of each side of the neck as a vein that collects the blood from the interior of the cranium, the superficial part of the face, and the neck, runs down the neck on the outside of the internal and common carotid arteries, and unites with the subclavian vein to form the brachiocephalic vein called also internal jugular vein. 2. a smaller and more superficial vein that collects
most of the blood rom the exterior of the cranium and deep parts of the face and opens into the subclavian vein called also external jugular vein. 3. a vein that commences near the hyoid bone and joins the terminal part of the external jugular vein or the subclavian vein called also anterior jugular vein. Synonyms: Jugular vein.
Coon1: a person of unusually small stature especially one who’s bodily proportions as abnormal. Synonyms: Dwarf.
Coon2: a very small person specifically a person of unusually small size who is physically wellpropor- tioned. Synonyms: Midget.
Cubaal: a solid but readily meltable cone or cylinder of usually medicated material for insertion into the body passage or cavity as the rectum. Synonyms: Suppository.
Cudbi: 1. a soft usually white fibrous substance composed of the hairs surrounding the seeds of various erect freely branching tropical plants genus Gos- sypium of the mallow family and used extensively in making threads, yams, and fabrics as in surgical dressings. Synonyms: Cotton.
Cudmrka qallalka: a complete or partial loss of function especially when involving the power of motion or of sensation in any part of the body. Synonyms: Paralysis.
Cudud: 1. a human upper limb. 2. the part of the human upper limb between the shoulder and the wrist. Synonyms: Arm.
Cudur badeed: a motion sickness experienced on the water called also mod de mer. Synonyms: Seasickness.
Cudur: an impairment of the normal state of the living animal or plant body
or one of its parts that i terrupts or modifies performance of the vi functions, is typically m ifested by distinguish! signs and symptoms and response to environment factors as malnutrition, 1 dustrial hazards or clima to specific infective agen as worms, bacteria or ruses, to inherent defec of the organism as gene” anomalies or to combin tions of these factors calle also morbus. Synonym Disease.
Cudurada haweenka:
branch of medicine th deals with the diseases an routine physical care the reproductive system o women. Synonyms: Gyn cology.
Cudurka Addison: a de
structive disease marke by deficient adrenocortica secretion and characterized by extreme weakness, loss of weight, low blood pressure, gastrointestinal disturbances, and brownish
70
pigmentation of the skin •md mucous membranes. Synonyms: Addison’s dis- r.ise.
Cudurka ambeebada: a
disease caused by a protozoan of the genus Amoeba broadly an ameboid protozoan as a naked rhizopod. Synonyms: Ameba dis-
rase.
Cudurka beeryarada: a
disease of the spleen. Synonyms: Splenopathy.
Cudurka bararka beeryarada: an abnormal enlargement of the spleen. Synonyms: Splenomegaly.
Cudurka cago qabowga:
an inflammatory swelling or sore caused by exposure ns of the feet or hands to cold called also pernio. Synonyms: Chilblain.
Cudurka caloosha: a pain In or in the region of the stomach. Synonyms: Stomach disease.
Cudurka cilladan: arising
spontaneously or from an obscure or unknown cause. Synonyms: Idiopathic.
Cudurka deriskunoolaan-
ta: 1. relating to or having the habit of a parasite or living on another organism. 2. caused by or resulting from the effects of parasites. Synonyms: Parasitic disease.
Cudurka dhiigyaridda: a
severe hyperchromic anemia marked by a progressive decrease in number and increase in size and hemoglobin content of the red blood cells and by pallor, weakness, and gastrointestinal and nervous disturbances and associated with reduced ability to absorb vitamin B12 due to the absence of intrinsic factor called also Addisonian anemia. Synonyms: Pernicious anemia.
Cudurka hiisha gurta: 1.
the spread of a diseasepro- ducing agency as cancer cells or bacteria from the initial or primary site of dis71
ease to another part of the body also the process by which such spreading occurs. 2. a secondary malignant tumor resulting from metastasis. Synonyms: Metastasis.
Cudurka qalalka fudud:
a slight or partial analysis. Synonyms: Paresis.
Cudurka qalalka guud: insanity caused by syphilitic alteration of the brain that leads to dementia and paralysis called dementia paralytica, general paralysis of the insane. Synonyms: General paresis.
Cudurka qalalka maskax-
da: a total or partial of one side of the body that results from disease of or injury to the motor centers of the brain. Synonyms: Hemiplegia.
Cudurka qalalka qaarka dambe: a paralysis of the lower half of the body with involvement of both legs usually due to disease of
or injury to the spinal co Synonyms: Paraplegia
Cudurrowac: the orig* tion and development o disease called also path eny. Synonyms: Pathog esis.
Cuf: the quality per u. volume, unit area or u length as the mass of a su stance per unit volum Synonyms: Density.
Cululuq: a rumbling sou made by the movement gas in the intestine. Sy onyms: Borborygmus.
Cune: the part of the dige tive and respiratory trac situated between the cavi of the mouth and the esop agus and in human bein a conical musculomem branous tube about fou and half inches equal 11.4- centimeters long that i continuous above with th mouth and nasal passages communicates through the eustachian tubes with the ears, and extends down-
72
ward past the opening into I hr Lirynx to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage where it is continuous with llw esophagus. Synonyms: I’harynx.
C’unno: 1. the material consisting of protein, carbohydrate and fat used in the body of an organism to sushi in growth, repair, and vi- hil processes and to furnish energy also such material together with supplemen- hiry substances as minerals, vitamins, and condiments. 7 a nutriment in solid form. Synonyms: Food.
Cunnodiid: loss or lack of appetite. Synonyms: Inappetence.
Cunnomareen: a muscular tube that in adult humans is about nine inches or 23 centimeters long and passes from the pharynx down the neck between the trachea and the spinal column and behind the left bronchus where it pierces the diaphragm slightly to
the left of the middle line and joins the cardiac end of the stomach. Synonyms: Esophagus.
Cuq: the act or process of incubating. Synonyms: Incubation.
Cur: the projection in the front of the neck that is formed by the thyroid cartilage and is particularly prominent in males. Synonyms: Adam’s apple.
Curun ku daaweyn: treatment of disease by the use of animal organs or their extracts called also opthera- py. Synonyms: Organotherapy.
Curyaan: a paralysis of the lower half of the body with involvement of both legs usually due to disease of or injury to the spinal cord. Synonyms: Paraplegia
Da’: 1. the part of life from birth to a given time. 2. an individual’s development measured in terms of the years requisite for like development of an average individual. 3. the time or part of life at which some particular event, qualification or capacity arises, occurs or is lost. Synonyms: Age.
Daaco: to expel gas suddenly from stomach through the mouth. Synonyms: Belch.
Daacoqurun: 1. marked by or affected with gases generated in the intestine or stomach. 2. likely to cause digestive flatulence. Synonyms: Flatulent.
Daacuun doofaarka: a
highly infectious often fatal disease of swine caused by a flavivirus of the genus Pestivirus species Classical
swine fever virus and char terized by fever, loss of a petite, weakness, erythe atous lesions especially lightskinned animals a* severe leukopenia call also hog cholera. Synonyi Swine fever.
Daacuun shimbireed:
highly variable influenza of birds caused by any the subtypes of the cau ative Orthomyxovirus which some strains ha* been or may be transmi ted to other vertebrates i cludeing humans especiall after undergoing mutatio called also avian influenz avian flu, and fowl pest. Syn onyms: Fowl plague.
Daacuun: any of sever diseases of humans an domestic animals usual ly marked by severe gas trointestinal symptoms a: an acute diarrheal disease caused by an enterotox- in produced by various strains of a commashaped gramnegative bacterium of the genus Vibro cholerae syn.
74
[‘ibro comma when it is pres- rnt in large numbers in the proximal part of the human ‘.mall intestine. Synonyms: t holera.
Daacuunka lo’da: an acute infectious usually fatal disease of ruminant animals ?is cattle that is caused by a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus species Rindeiyest virus and is marked by fever, diarrhea and inflamemation of mucus membranees called also cuttle plague. Synonyms: Rinderpest.
Daaf: an inflammation of the conjunctiva usually containing or consisting of pus. Synonyms: Purulent conjunctivitis.
Daafcir: a chronic contagious conjunctivitis marked by inflammatory granulations on the conjunctival surfaces, caused by a bacterium of the genus Chlamydia trochomatis and commonly resulting in blindness if left untreated. Synonyms:
Trachoma.
Daah ogsajiin: a canopy which can be placed over a bedridden person and within which a flow of oxygen can be maintained. Synonyms: Oxygen tent.
Daal: 1. weariness or exhaustion from labor, exertion or stress. 2. the temporary loss of power to respond induced in a sensory receptor or motor end organ by continued stimulation. Synonyms: Fatigue.
Daan: 1. both of two complex cartilaginous or bony structures in most vertebrates that border the mouth, support the soft parts enclosing it, and usually bear teeth on their oral margin. 2. an upper structure more or less firmly fused with the skull called also upper jaw, maxilla. 3. a lower structure that consists of a single bone or of completely fused bones and that is hinged, movable, and articulated by a pair of
75
condyles with the temporal bone of either side called also inferior maxillary bone, lower jaw, mandible. 4. the parts constituting the walls of the mouth and serving to open and close it. 5. any of various organs of invertebrates that perform the function of the vertebrate jaws. Synonyms: Jaw.
Daandaansi: 1. the property of protoplasm and of living organisms that permits them to react to stimuli. 2. an abnormal or excessive excitability of an organ or part of the body as the stomach or bladder. Synonyms: Irritability.
Daarashe1: an infectious disease transmissible as from person to person by direct contact with an affected individual or the individual’s discharges or by indirect means as by a vector. Synonyms: Communicable disease.
Daarashe2: an infectious communicable by contact
with one who has it, wi a bodily discharge of su< a patient, or with an obje touched by such a patie or by bodily discharge Synonyms: Contagio
disease.
Daarasho: 1. the transmi sion of a disease by direct indirect contact. 2. a disea producing agent as a viru Synonyms: Contagion.
Daawada suuxinta: a co‘
orless volatile heavy toxi liquid CHC13 with an eth odor used especially as solvent. Synonyms: Chlo roform.
Daaweyn: 1. the act o process of medicating. 2. medical substance or use in therapy. Synonyms Medication.
Daaweynta gudaha:
branch of medicine tha deals with the diagnosi and treatment of disease not requiring surgery. Synonyms: Internal medicine.
Daawo cusub: a drug that
76
Inis not been declared safe .ind effective by qualified experts under the condition prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the label and that may be a new chemical formula or an established drug prescribed tor use in a new way. Synonyms: New drug
Daawo: a substance used as a medication or in the preparation of medication. Synonyms: Drug.
Dababax: an abnormally frequent intestinal evacuation with more or less fluid stools. Synonyms: Diarrhea.
Dabadhiig: a disease characterized by severe diarrhea with passage of mucus and blood and usually caused by infection. Synonyms: Dysentery.
Dabakaruub: an acute infectious disease of ruminant mammals as cattle that is caused by a morbillivirus species Rinderpest virus and
that is marked by fever, diarrhea and inflammation of mucous membranes and by high mortality in epidemics. Synonyms: Rinderpest.
Dabakeen: a presentation of the fetus in which the buttocks or legs are first parts to appear at the uterine cervix. Synonyms: Breech presentation.
Dabayl dabyo ah: a slight or partial paralysis. Synonyms: Paresis.
Dabayl: a complete or partial loss of function especially when involving the power of motion or of sensation in any part of the body. Synonyms: Pelagia.
Dabaylnuug: an organism as a bacterium that lives only in the presence of oxygen. Synonyms: Aerobe.
Dabaylsha xubin kaliya: a
paralysis affecting a single limb, body part, or group of muscles. Synonyms: Monoplegia.
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Dabaysha oogada qaar- keed: a muscular weakness or partial paralysis restricted to one side of the body. Synonyms: Hemiparesis.
Dabbaal: a person affected with extreme mental retardation. Synonyms: Idiot.
Dabdhul: an acute viral inflammation of the sensory ganglia of spinal and cranial nerves associated with a vesicular eruption and neuralgic pain and caused by reactivation of the herpesvirus causing chicken pox called also herpes zoster, zona and zoster. Synonyms; Shingles.
Dabeecad1: 1. the manner of conducting oneself. 2. anything that an organism does involving action and response to stimulation. 3. the response of an individual, group or species to its environment. Synonyms: Behavior.
Dabeecad2: 1. one of the
attributes or features that
make up and distinguis the individual. 2. the d<| tectable expression of action of a gene or grouj of genes. 3. the complex mental and ethical trail marking and often indivic ualizing a person, group nation. Synonyms: Chara< ter.
Dabis: inflammation
the spleen. Synonyms Lienites.
Dabo1: 1. of, relating tc or situated near the anui^
2. of, relating to, or chai acterized by the stage psychosexual developmen in psychoanalytic theoi during which the child concerned especially wit its feces. Synonyms: Anal
Dabo2: 1. the back of a hi] that forms one of the flesh} parts on which a persoi sits. 2. the seat of the body.
3. the corresponding part of a quadruped. Synonyms; Buttock.
Dabo3: a posterior thing or]
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[ i.i rt as the rear end of. Synonyms: Posterior.
Dabobaxa: 1. the act or
process of evacuating. 2. something evacuated or discharged. Synonyms: Evacuation.
Dabogibin: a small bone I hat articulates with the sacrum and that usually consists of four fused vertebrae which form the terminus of the spinal column. Syn- | onyms: Coccyx.
Dabokeen: a delivery of [ a fetus by breech presen-
[ tation called also breech
i birth. Synonyms: Buttock
delivery.
Daboolka isha: either of the moveable lids of skin and muscle that can be closed over the eyeball called also ftalpebra. Synonyms: Eye- [ lid.
Daboolmid: the excision of subcutaneous fatty tissue especially as a cosmetic surgical procedure. Synonyms: Lipectomy.
Daboolo: an inflammation of the mammary gland or udder usually caused by infection called also mam- mitis. Synonyms: Mastitis.
Dacarbax: having a tendency to loosen or relax specifically relieving constipation. Synonyms: Laxative.
Dacardhiig: a disease characterized by severe diarrhea with passage of mucus and blood and usually caused by infection. Synonyms: Dysentery.
Dacarfaalka fudud: having a tendency to loosen or relax specifically relieving constipation. Synonyms: Laxative.
Dacarfaalka: 1. an act or
instance of purging. 2. something that purges especially tending to purge. Synonyms: Purge.
Dacas: 1. the quality or state of being weak, feeble or infirm especially physical weakness. 2. lack or loss of strength. Synonyms: As-
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thenia.
Dacay: protrusion or excrescence of an anatomical part of the lower lip. Synonyms: lower lip.
Dadcun: one that eats the flesh of its own kind. Synonyms: Cannibal.
Dakhar: 1. a hard blow or collision. 2. a condition resulting from the stunning, damaging or shattering effects of a hard blow especially a jarring injury of the brain resulting in disturbance of cerebral function and sometimes marked by permanent damage. Synonyms: Concussion.
Dalab: a deformity in
which an anatomical part is turned outward away from the midline of the body to an abnormal degree. Synonyms: Valgus.
Dalboole: a person affected by valgus. Synonyms: Valgus.
Daliigis: the manipulation
of tissues as by rubbing, stroking, kneading or tapping with the hand or an instrument especially for therapeutic purposes. Syn* onyms: Massage.
Dalool: a mouth like open; ing in a bodily part. Syn onyms: Ostium.
Dalqo: the pendent flesh* lobe in the middle of th posterior border of the so’ palate. Synonyms: Uvula
Daltabyo1: longing fo
home and family while ab sent from them. Synonyms Homesick.
Daltabyo2: 1. the state o being homesick. 2. a wistfu or excessively sentimenta* sometimes abnormal yearn ing for return to or of som past period or irrecoverabl condition. Synonyms: Nos talgia.
Dameerow: an enlargement
of the thyroid gland that is commonly visible a* a swelling of the anterior part of the neck, that often
80
results from insufficient intake of iodine and then is usually accompanied by hypothyroidism, and that in other cases is associated with hyperthyroidism, and that in other cases is associated with hyperthyroidism usually together with toxic symptoms and exophthalmoses called also struma. Synonyms: Goiter.
Dammaad: 1. a sensation of motion which is associated with various disorders as of the inner ear and in which the individual or the individual’s surroundings seem to whirl dizzily.
2. a disordered vertiginous movement as a symptom of disease in lower animals.
3. a disease as gid causing this. Synonyms: Vertigo.
Danbar: milk secreted for few days after parturition and characterized by high protein and antibody content. Synonyms: Colostri- um,
Danqasho: suffering of
body or mental distress or injury. Synonyms: Hurt.
Daqay: a large flat train- gular superficial muscle of each side of the upper back. Synonyms: Trapezius.
Darab bax: the act or instance of purging. Synonyms: Purge.
Darbo1: inflicting or tending to inflict injury. Synonyms: Injurious.
Darbo2: 1. a homy projection on the skin usually of the extremities produced by proliferation of the skin papillae and caused by any of numerous genotypes of the human papillomavirus. 2. any of numerous warty skin lesions not caused by human papillomaviruses. Synonyms: Wart.
Darbo3: 1. a physical injury to die body consisting of a laceration or breaking of the skin or mucous membrane. 2. an opening made in the skin or a membrane of the body incidental to a
81
surgical operation or procedure. 3. a mental or emotional hurt or blow. Synonyms: Wound.
Dareemadheeri: residing
beyond or outside the ordinary senses. Synonyms: Extrasensory.
Dareeme: 1. the faculty of perceiving by means of sense organs. 2. a specialized animal function or mechanism as sight, hearing, smell, taste or touch basically involving a stimulus and a sense organ. 3. the sensory mechanism constituting a unit distinct from other functions as movement or thought. Synonyms: Sense.
Dareemid: 1. the ability to receive sensations. 2. awareness of and responsiveness toward something. Synonyms: Sensibility.
Dareere1: a substance as a liquid or gas tending to flow or conform to the out- lint of ita container specifically
one in the body of an animal or plant. Synonyms: Fluid.
Dareere2: having particles
that easily move and change their relative position without a separation of the mass and that easily yield to pressure as capable of flowing. Synonyms: Liquid.
Dareerto: the vertical
groove on the median line of the upper lip. Synonyms: Philturm.
Darmadhigeen: 1. a situated beyond the visible spectrum at its violet end as used of radiation the wavelength shorter than wavelengths of visible light and longer than those of Xrays. 2. relating to, producing, or employing ultraviolet radiation. Synonyms: Ultraviolet.
Darmid: 1. a product of mixing as a portion of matter consisting of two or more components in vary82
ing proportions that retain their own properties. 2. an aqueous liquid medicine specifically a preparation in which insoluble substances are suspended in watery fluids by the addition of a viscid material as gum, sugar, or glycerol. Synonyms: Mixture.
Daruur carjaw: a resembling of a cartilage. Synonyms: Cartilaginoid.
Daruur madaxa: the skeleton of the head forming a bony case that encloses and protects the brain and chief sense organs and supports the jaws. Synonyms: Skull.
Dawakh: the condition of being dizzies especially a sensation of unsteadiness accompanied by a feeling of movement within the head. Synonyms: Dizziness.
Dawakhsanaanta badda:
a motion sickness experienced on water called also mal de mer. Synonyms: Seasickness.
Daweeye: a person skilled or specializing in healing arts especially one as a physician, dentist or veterinarian who holds an advanced degree and is licensed to practice. Synonyms: Doctor.
Daweyn: a medical substance used in therapy. Synonyms: Medication.
Dawkhsanaanta duulidda:
affected with motion sickness associated with flying. Synonyms: Airsick.
Dawo ah: of, relating to, or being medicine as tending or used to cure disease or relieve pain. Synonyms: Medicinal.
Dawo: 1. the science and art dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease. 2. the branch of medicine concerned with the nonsurgical treatment of disease. 3. a substance or preparation used in treating disease. Synonyms:
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Medicine.
Dawodhigaal: a drug that can be obtained only by means of a physician’s of a physician’s prescription. Synonyms: Dragprescript- tion.
Dawoiibshe: a person licensed to engage in pharmacy. Synonyms: Pharmacist.
Deddatir: an emergency care or treatment given to an ill or injured person before regular medical aid can be obtained. Synonyms: First aid.
Deddo: 1. a bodily sensation produced by loss or lack of heat. 2. a bodily disorder popularly associated with chilling. Synonyms: Cold.
Dekerka ragga: the male copulatory organ of a higher vertebrate animal that in mammals including humans usually functions as the channel by which urine leaves the body and is typically
a cylindrical organ that is suspended from the pubic arch, contains a pair of large lateral corpora cavernosa and a smaller ven- tromedical corpus caverno- sum containing the urethra, and has a terminal glans enclosing the ends of the corpora cavernosa, covered by mucous membrane, and sheathed by a foreskin continuous with the skin covering the body of the organ. Synonyms: Penis.
Deri: the rear part of the human body especially from the neck to the end of the spine. Synonyms: Back.
Deriskunool: an organism living in, with or on another organism in parasitism. Synonyms: Parasite.
Dibbiro1: a distension of the abdomen caused by accumulation of gas in the intestinal tract or peritoneal cavity. Synonyms: Tympanites.
Dibbiro2: a gaseous dis-
84
tension of the stomach or intestine. Synonyms: Me- teorism.
Dibin: 1. either of the two fleshly folds which surround the opening of the mouth in humans and many other vertebrates and in humans are organs of speech essential to certain articulations also the pinkish or reddish margin of a human lip composed of nonglanular mucous membrane and usually exposed when the mouth takes on its natural set. 2. either of a pair of fleshy folds surrounding an orifice. 3. an anatomical part or structure as a labium resembling a lip. Synonyms: Lip.
Dibujeed: the bending
backward of the uterus and cervix out of the normal axis so that the fundus points toward the sacrum and the cervix toward the pubic symphysis. Synonyms: Retroversion.
Dig: 1. a regularly recurrent
wave of distension in arteries that results from the progress through an artery of blood injected into the arterial system at each contraction of the ventricles of the heart. 2. the palpable beat resulting from such pulse as detected in a superficial artery as the radial artery. 3. the number of such beats in a specified period of time as one minute.
4. an electromagnetic wave or modulation thereof having brief duration. 5. a dose of a substance especially when applied over a short period of time. Synonyms: Pulse.
Diglow: a purging medicine used for stomach evacuation. Synonyms: Purgative.
Diid: 1. a sensation of motion which is associated with various disorders as of the inner ear and in which the individual or the individual’s surroundings seem to whirl dizzily. 2. a disordered vertiginous
85
movement as a symptom of disease in lower animals. 3. a disease as gid causing this. Synonyms: Vertigo.
Diif: 1. the weariness or exhaustion from labor, exertion, or stress. 2. the temporary loss of power to respond induced in a sensory receptor or motor end organ by continued stimulation. Synonyms: Fatigue.
Diiran: 1. the state of a body or of matter that is perceived as opposed to cold and is characterized by elevation of temperature as a condition of being hot especially a marked or notable degree of this state of high temperature. 2. a warm flushed condition of the body as after exercise as a sensation produced by or like that produced by contact with or approach to heated matter. 3. an added energy that causes substances to rise in temperature, fuse, evaporate, expand or undergo any of various other related changes, that flows
to a body by contact with or radiation from bodies at higher temperatures, and that can be produced in a body. Synonyms: Heat.
Diisnaan: the act, process or result of compressing especially when involving a compressing force on a bodily part. Synonyms: Compression.
Dikaan: 1. to pulsate or pound with abnormal pain or force. 2. to beat or vibrate rhythmically. Synonyms: Throb.
Dil arxan: 1. the act or practice of killing hopelessly sick or injured individuals as persons or domestic animals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy. 2. the act or practice of allowing a hopelessly or injured patient to die by taking less than complete medical measures to prolong life called also mercy killing. Synonyms: Euthanasia.
Diliq: the casting up of incomplete
digested food. Synonyms: Regurgitation.
Dillaac: 1. the act or process of breaking or the state of being broken. 2. the breaking specifically of hard tissue as bone. 3. the rupture as by tearing of soft tissue. Synonyms: Fracture.
Dillaac: to divide by or as if a cutting blow. Synonyms: Cleave.
Dir: 1. an actually or potentially interbreeding group within species. 2. a taxonomic category as a subspecies representing such a group. 3. a category of human kind that shears certain distinctive physical traits. Synonyms: Race.
Dirtiris: 1. a branch of biology that deals with the heredity and variation of organisms. 2. the genetic makeup and phenomena of an organism, type, group, or condition. 3. a treatise or textbook on genetics. Synonyms: Genetics.
Disboroosiyam: an element
of the rareearth group that forms highly magnetic compounds. Synonyms: Dysprosium.
Dixiri: any of various relatively small elongated usually naked and softbodied parasitic animals as of the phylum Platyhelminthes. Synonyms: Worm.
Dixirilays: an agent that destroys worms. Synonyms: Vermicide.
Diyaad: a contagious often fatal virus disease of birds and especially the domestic chicken that is caused by a paramyxovirsus species Nezvcastle disease virus of the genus Avulavirus and that is marked by respiratory and nervous symptoms. Synonyms: New castle disease.
Doocasho kaadi: a slow and painful discharge of urine drop by drop produced by spasmodic muscular contraction of the urethra and bladder. Syn-
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onyms: Strangury.
Dool: any of three large muscles of the buttocks namely gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus. Synonyms: Gluteus.
Dooraale: a vein of the middle of the forehead that units with the supraorbital vein to form the angular vein near the inner angle of the orbit. Synonyms: Frontal vein.
Doorasho: a natural selection or artificial process that results or tends to result in the survival and propagation of some individuals or organisms but not of others with the result that the inherited traits of the survivors are perpetuated. Synonyms: Selection.
Doorsoon: 1. a progressive deterioration of physical characters from a level representing the norm of earlier generations or forms as regression of the morphology
of a group or kind of organism toward a simpler less highly organized state.
2. a deterioration of a tissue or an organ in which its vitality is diminished or its structure impaired especially a deterioration in which specialized cells are replaced by less specialized cells as in fibrosis or in malignancies or in which cells are functionally impaired as by deposition of abnormal matter in the tissue.
3. an intellectual or moral decline tending toward dissolution of character or J integrity as a progressive worsening of personal adjustment. Synonyms: Degeneration.
Dooxan: an abnormally
frequent intestinal evacuation with more or less fluid stools. Synonyms: Diarrhea.
Dooxid: 1. to remove an organ from a patient or the contents of an organ. 2. to | protrude through a surgical incision or suffer protrusion
of a part through an incision. Synonyms: Eviscerate.
Dooxis: a surgical section of the abdominal wall. Synonyms: Laparotomy.
Dowgala: a developing so gradually as to be well established before becoming apparent. Synonyms: Insidious.
Dowliska xudduntiisa: the
thick longitudinal cord of nervous tissue that in vertebrates extends along the back dorsal to the bodies of the vertebrae and is enclosed in the vertebral canal formed by their natural arches, is continuous anteriorly with the medulla oblongata, gives off at intervals pairs of spinal nerves to the various parts of the trunk and limbs, serves not only as a pathway for nervous impulses to and from the brain but as a center for carrying out and coordinating many reflex actions independently of the brain,
and is composed largely of white matter arranged in columns and tracts of longitudinal fibers about a large central core of gray matter somewhat Hshaped in cross section and pierced centrally by a small longitudinal canal continuous with the ventricles of the brain called also medulla spinalis. Synonyms: Spinal cord.
Dubaaxin1: 1. a local and habitual spasmodic motion of particular muscles especially of the face. 2. a habitual usually unconscious quirk of behavior or speech. Synonyms: Tic.
Dubaaxin2: 1. a brief spasmodic contraction of muscle fibers. 2. a slight jerk of a body part caused by such a contraction. Synonyms: Twitch.
Dubburyayn: the process of restoring or initiating breathing by forcing air into and out of the lungs to establish the rhythm of
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k
inspiration and expiration. Synonyms: Artificial re- spiretion.
Dubburyo: a difficulty in drawing sufficient breath as labored breathing. Synonyms: Shortness of breath.
Dubled: a utensil that is usually a hollow cone with a tube extending from the smaller end and that is designed to catch and direct a downward flow. Synonyms: Funnel.
Duf: an excessive growth of hair. Synonyms: Hypertrichosis.
Duhurseexad: an afternoon nap or rest. Synonyms: Siesta.
Dul: the bony and cartilaginous partition between the nasal passages. Synonyms: Nasal septum.
Dul: the vaulted chamber that lies between the floor of the cranium and the roof of the mouth of higher vertebrates
extending from the external nacres to the pharynx, being enclosed by bone or cartilage and usually incompletely divided into lateral halves by the septum of the nose, and having its walls lined with mucous membrane that is rich in venous plexuses and ciliated in the lower part which forms the beginning of the respiratory passage and warms and filters the inhaled air and that is modified as sensory epithelium in the upper olfactory part. Synonyms: Nasal cavity.
Dulaandul: a board flat superficial muscle chiefly of the middle and lower back that extends, adducts and .f rotates the arm medially and draws the shoulder’ downward and backward. Synonyms: Latissumus
dorsi.
Dullaati: an act of depressing or a state of being depressed as a state of feeling sad. 2. a mood! disorder marked especial-
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ly by sadness, inactivity, difficult with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feeling of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide. Synonyms: Depression.
Dulqaadasho: 1. the capacity of the body to endure or become less responsive to a substance as a drug. 2. the immunological state marked by unresponsiveness to a specific antigen. Synonyms: T olerance.
Dululubsan: a part of the monticules of the cerebellum that is dorsal to the cul- men. Synonyms: Declive.
Dumid: 1. a breakdown in vital energy, strength, or stamina as complete sudden enervation. 2. a state of extreme prostration and physical depression resulting from circulatory failure, great loss of body fluids, or
Durdurka dhiigga: the
flowing blood in a ciran latory system. Synonyms: Bloodstream.
Durey1: an acute disease of the upper respiratory tract that is marked by inflammation of the mucous members of the nose, throat, eyes, and eustachian tubes and by a watery then purulent discharge and is caused by any of several viruses as the rhinovirus or an adenovirus. Synonyms: Common cold.
Durey2: 1. a bodily sensation produced by loss or lack of heat. 2. a bodily disorder popularly associated with chilling. Synonyms:
heart disease and occurring terminally in diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, and pneumonia. 3. an airless state of a lung of spontaneous origin or induced surgically. 4. an abnormal falling together of the walls of an organ. Synonyms: Collapse.
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Cold.
Durey3: any of several diseases caused by bacteria or viruses and marked especially by respiratory or intestinal symptoms. Synonyms: Flu.
Durid: 1. an act of puncturing. 2. a hole, wound or perforation made by puncturing. Synonyms: Puncture.
Duridda dhabarka: a puncture of subarachnoid space in the lumbar region of the spinal cord to withdraw cerebrospinal fluid or inject anesthetic drugs called also spinal puncture, spinal tap. Synonyms: Lumbar punctures.
Duubashi: 1. a strip of fabric used especially to cover, dress and bind up wounds. 2. a flexible strip or band used to cover, strength or compress something. Synonyms: Bandage.
Duud la’aan: a substance as hydrogen peroxides that
checks the growth or action of microorganisms in or on living tissue. Synonyms: Antiseptic.
Duud: the rear part of the human body especially from the neck to the end of the spine. Synonyms: Back.
Duudlayn: an agent that destroys germs. Synonyms: Germicide.
Duuf1: an inflammation of a mucous membrane in humans and animals especially one chronically affecting the human nose and air passages. Synonyms: Nasal catarrh.
Duuf2: nasal mucus. Synonyms: Snot.
Duugis: a manipulation
of tissues as by rubbing, stroking, kneading or tapping with the hand or an instrument especially for therapeutic purposes. Synonyms: Massage.
Duumo: 1. an acute or chronic disease caused by
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the presence of sporozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium in the red blood cells, transmitted from an infected to an uninfected individual by the bite of anopheline mosquitoes, and characterized by periodic attacks of chills and fever that coincide with mass destruction of blood cells and the release of toxic substances by the parasite at the end of each reproductive cycle. 2. any of various diseases of birds and mammals that are more or less similar to malaria of human beings and are caused by blood protozoans. Synonyms: Malaria.
Duwan: 1. an abnormal person. 2. deviating from the normal, average or expected. Synonyms: Abnormal.
Dux: a notable for having an unusual amount of fat especially fleshy with superfluous flabby tissue that is not muscle. Synonyms: Fat#
DH
Dhaawac1: an act that damages or hurts as violation of another’s rights for which the law allows an action to recover damages. Synonyms: Injury.
Dhaawac2: an injury to tire body as from violence, accident or surgery that typically involves laceration of breaking of a membrane as the skin and usually damage to underlying tissues. Synonyms: Wound.
Dhaayo: an organ of sight especially a nearly spherical organ that is lined with a sensitive retina, is lodged in a bony orbit in the skull, is the vertebrate organ of sight. Synonyms: Eye.
Dhaban: the fleshy side of the face below the eye and above and to the side of
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mouth broadly the lateral aspect of the head. Synonyms: Cheek.
Dhabar: the rear part of the human body especially from the neck to the end of the spine. Synonyms: Back.
Dhabarow: a pain in the lower part of the back. Synonyms: Backache.
Dhabarxanuun: a pain in the lower back. Synonyms: Backache.
Dhabbac: having the front or ventral surface downward especially laying facedown. Synonyms: Prone.
Dhacaan ku daweyn: the
treatment of a disease with specific immune serum called also serum therapy. Synonyms: Serotherepy.
Dhacaan1: the fluid portion of the cytoplasm exclusive of organelles and membranes called also hyaloplasm, ground substance. Synonyms: Sap.
Dhacaan2: the watery portion of an animal fluid remaining after coagulation. Synonyms: Serum.
Dhacdiid: the lying on the back or with the face upward. Synonyms: Supine.
Dhacsaal: 1. weariness or exhaustion from labor, exertion or stress. 2. the temporary loss of power to respond induced in a sensory receptor or motor end organ by continued stimulation. Synonyms: Fatigue.
Dhaddigood1: a thick sticky solution of sugar and water often flavored or medicated as concentrated juice of a fruit or plant. Synonyms: Syrup.
Dhaddigood2: a flat thin implement used especially for spreading or mixing soft substances. Synonyms: Spatula.
Dhadhab: a series of
thoughts, images or emotions occurring during sleep and especially during
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REM sleep. Synonyms: Dream.
Dhagaxyar maraarta: production of gallstones resulting abnormal condition.
Dhadhan: 1. the one of the special senses that is concerned with distinguishing the sweet, sour, bitter or salty quality of a dissolved substance and is mediated by taste buds on the tongue.
2. the objective sweet, sour, bitter or salty quality of a dissolved substance as perceived by the sense of taste.
3. a sensation obtained from a substance in the mouth that is typically produced by the stimulation of the sense of taste combined with those of touch and smell as flavor. Synonyms: Taste.
Synonyms: Cholelithiasis.
Dhakanaan: a partial loss of hearing called also hypa- cusis. Synonyms: Hypoa- cusis.
Dhakhtar: a person skilled or specialized in healing and especially on as a physician who holds an advanced degree and is licensed to practice. Synonyms: Medical doctor.
Dhakhtarka carruurta: a
physician who specializes in pediatrics called also pediatrist. Synonyms: Pediatrician.
Dhafoor: the flattened space on each side of the forehead of some mammals as humans. Synonyms: Temple.
Dhakhtarka haragga: a
physician who specializes with the skin, its structure, functions and diseases. Synonyms: Dermatologist.
Dhagaxaboodi: a traditional method of using stone as therapy or stone massage. Synonyms: Stone therapy.
Dhakhtarka haweenka: a
physician who specializes in gynecology. Synonyms: Gynecologist.
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Dhakhtarka ilkaha: a licensed practitioner, who is skilled in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment of diseases, injures malformations of the teeth, jaws, mouth and who makes and inserts false teeth. Synonyms: Dentist.
Dhakhtarka indhaha: a
physiccian who specializes in ophthalmology. Synonyms: Ophthalmologist.
Dhakhtarka qoyska: 1. a
doctor regularly consulted by a family in time of medical need. 2. a doctor specializing in family practice. Synonyms: Family doctor.
Dhakhtarka xoolaha: a
person qualified and authorized to practice veterinary medicine. Synonyms: Veterinarian.
Dhakhtamimo: 1. the science and art dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease. 2. the branch of medicine
concerned with the nonsur- gical treatment of disease. Synonyms: Medicine.
Dhal diirin: 1. an apparatus with a chamber used to provide controlled environmental conditions especially for the cultivation of microorganisms or the care and protection of premature or sick babies. 2. an apparatus by which eggs are hatched artificially. Synonyms: Incubator.
Dhal: the progeny of a human, animal or plant. Synonyms: Offspring.
Dhalaal: 1. an act or the process by which a solid, liquid or gaseous substance is homogeneously mixed with a liquid or sometimes a gas or solid called also dissolution. 2. a liquid containing a dissolved substance. 3. a liquid and usually aqueous medicinal preparation with the solid ingredients soluble. Synonyms: Solution.
Dhalada fallaraha egis: a
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vacuum tube in which a concentrated stream of electrons from a cathode strikes a metal target and produces Xrays from the side of the tube at right angles in a quantity and intensity that is controlled by the cathode temperature and with a wave length and hardness that depends upon the voltage applied to the tube terminals. Synonyms: Xray tube.
Dhalada irbada: a device used to inject fluids into or withdraw them from something as the body or its cavities. 2. a device that consists of a nozzle of varying length and a compressible rubber bulb and is used for injection. Synonyms: Syringe.
Dhalasho ka dib: 1. occurring in or being following parturition. 2. being in the post partum period. Synonyms: Post partum.
Dhalasho malaxoobid: an
accumulation of pus in the
vagina. Synonyms: Pyocol- pos.
Dhalasho: 1. the emergence of a new individual from the body of its parent. 2. the act or process of bringing forth young from the womb. Synonyms: Birth.
Dhaldiirin: an apparatus with a chamber used to provide controlled environmental conditions especially for the cultivation of microorganisms or the care and protection of premature or sick babies. Synonyms: Incubator.
Dhalid: the action or process of giving birth to offspring. Synonyms: Parturition.
Dhalinkaal: an instrument
for grasping holding firmly or exerting traction upon objects especially for delicate operations by surgeons. Synonyms: Forceps.
Dhallaan: 1. a child in the first year of life. 2. a child several years of age. Syn97
onyms: Infant.
Dhallaandhawe: a sexual perversion in which children are the preferred sexual object. Synonyms: Pedophilia.
Dhallaandhawrid: one affected with pedophilia called also pedophiliac. Synonyms: Pedophile.
Dhallaangowrac: 1. the
killing of an infant. 2. one who kills an infant. Synonyms: Infanticide.
Dhallinyaronimo: of, relating to or being in adolescence. Synonyms: Adolescent.
Dhalo: the skeleton of the head forming a bony case that encloses and protects the brain and chief sense organs and supports the jaws. Synonyms: Skull.
Dhalonuujin: a feed an infant from bottle rather than by breastfeeding. Synonyms: Bottlefeed.
Dhalooyinka indhaha: a
lens worn to aid vision specially an eyeglass for each eye. Synonyms: Eyeglass.
Dhamid: 1. a liquid suitable for swallowing especially to quench thirst or to provide nourishment or refreshment. 2. a draft or portion of liquid as water or a prepared beverage taken or to be taken by an individual at one time. Synonyms: Drink.
Dhammas: a condition in which visual images come to focus behind the retina of the eye and vision is better for distant than for near objects called also farsightedness, hypermetropia. Synonyms: Hyperopia.
Dhamoojo1: a salve or unguent for application to the skin specifically a semisolid medicinal preparation usually having a base of fatty or greasy material. Synonyms: Ointment.
Dhamoojo2: an unctuous
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adhesive substance for application to wounds or sores. Synonyms: Salve.
Dhanaan: a sour substance specifically any of various typically watersoluble and sour compounds that in solution are capable with a base to form to form a salt, that redden litmus, that have a PH less than 7, and that are hydrogen containing molecules or ions able to give up a proton to a base or are substances able to accept an unshared pair of electrons from a base. Synonyms: Acid.
Dhanaandhaaf: the condition of containing more than the normal amount of acid. Synonyms: Hyperacidity.
Dhanaanla’aanta kubada:
1. a partial or complete absence of gastric juice. 2. absence of hydrochloric acid from the gastric juice called also achlorhydria. Synonyms: Achylia gastrica.
Dhanaantiran (biyo): water naturally or artificially infused with mineral salts or gases as carbon dioxide called also distilled water. Synonyms: Mineral water.
Dhanaantirka: a process that consists of driving gas or vapor from liquids or solids by heating and condensing to liquid products and that is used especially for purification, fractionation or the formation of new substances. Synonyms: Distillation.
Dhanada jaanka: a colorless pungent liquid acid C,HaO, that is the chief acid
2 4 2
of vinegar and that is used especially in synthesis as of plastics and occasionally in medicine as an astringent and styptic. Synonyms: Acetic acid.
Dhanjaf: 1. a condition that is marked by recurrent usually unilateral severe headache often accompanied by nausea and vomiting and followed by sleep,
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that tends to occur in more than one member of a family, and that is of uncertain origin through attacks appear to be precipitated by dilatation of intracranial blood vessels. 2. an episode or attack of migraine. Synonyms: Migraine.
Dhano: a sour substance specifically any of various typically watersoluble and sour compounds that in solution are capable of reacting with a base to form a salt, that redden litmus, that have a pH less than 7, and that are hydrogen containing molecules or ions able to give up a proton to a base or are substances able to accept an unshared pair of electrons from a base. Synonyms: Acid.
Dhanxanag: the pendent fleshly lobe in the middle of the posterior border of the soft palate. Synonyms: Uvula.
Dhaqaaq: 1. capable of moving or being moved
about readily. 2. characterized by an extreme degree of fluidity. Synonyms: Mobile.
Dhaqaaqilyada xawo: a
motile male gamete of an animal usually with rounded or elongate head and a long posterior flagellum. Synonyms: Spermatozoon.
Dhaqaaqilyo: an organism of microscopic or ultrami- croscopic size. Synonyms: Microorganism.
Dhaqasho: 1. to cleanse by or as if by the action of liquid as water. 2. to flush or moisten a bodily part or injury with a liquid. 3. to pass through a liquid to carry off impurities or soluble components. Synonyms: Wash.
Dhaqayo: something to be affected by an action or development specifically an organ, part or tissue that is affected by the action of a hormone. Synonyms: Target.
Dhaqdhaqaaq ku daweyn-
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ta: the therapeutic and corrective application of passive and active movement as by massage and of exercise. Synonyms: Kinesith- erapy.
Dharabsan: containing or characterized by perceptible moisture especially to the point of being oppressive. Synonyms: Humid.
Dhareer1: 1. to secrete saliva in anticipation of food. 2. to let saliva or some other substance flow from the mouth. Synonyms: Drool.
Dhareer2: a usually clear coagulable fluid that passes from intercellular spaces of body tissue into the lymphatic vessels, is discharged into the blood by way of the thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct, and resembles blood plasma in containing white blood cells and especially lymphocytes but normally few red blood cells and no platelets. Synonyms: Lymph.
Dharkayn: a large genus of plants of the spurge family that have a milky juice and flowers included in involucres which surrounds a group of several staminat- ed flowers and central distillate flower and that include a number which have been used medically. Synonyms: Euphorbia.
Dharla’da lugta: the front part of the leg below the knee. Synonyms: Shin.
Dhashi xanuun: inflammation of the vagina or a sheath as a tendon sheath. Synonyms: Vaginitis.
Dhashuun: a thick opaque usually yellowish white fluid matter formed by suppuration and composed of exudates containing leukocytes tissue derbis and microorganisms. Synonyms: Pus.
Dhawaaq: 1. a sound produced by vertebrates by means of lungs, larynx or syrinx especially sound so
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produced by human beings. 2. the faculty of utterance. Synonyms: Voice.
Dhawra: something as a drug used to prevent disease. Synonyms: Preventive.
Dhaxal: 1. the sum of the qualities and potentialities genetically derived from one’s ancestors. 2. the transmission of traits from ancestor to descendant through the molecular mechanism lying primarily in the DNA or RNA of the genes. Synonyms: Heredity.
Dhaxan1: any of various conditions characterized by inflammation or pain in muscles, joints, or fibrous tissue. Synonyms: Rheumatism.
Dhaxan2: a bodily disorder popularly associated with chilling. Synonyms: Intense
Cold.
Dhaymo: a salve or unguent for application to the skin specifically a semisolid medicinal preparation usually having a base of fatty or greasy material. Synonyms: Ointment.
Dhays: the secretion and yielding of milk by the mammary gland. Synonyms: Lactation.
Dhebid: a physical union of male and female genitalia accompanied by rhythmic movements. Synonyms: Coitus.
Dheddigood: 1. an individual that bears young or produces large immobile gametes as eggs that are fertilized by small usually motile gametes of a male. 2. a female person as a woman or a girl. Synonyms: Female.
Dheecaan shubid: 1. the
process of transfusing fluid into a vein or artery. 2. a fluid transfused. Synonyms: Transfusion fluid.
Dhayid: the act or process of medicating. Synonyms: Medication.
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Dheecaan: any of numerous complex proteins that are produced by living cells and catalyze specific biochemical reactions at body temperatures. Synonyms: Enzyme.
Dheef: the act of nourishing or the state of being nourished. Synonyms: Nourishment.
Dheef sato: an organism living in, with, or on another organism in parasitism. Synonyms: Parasite.
Dheefsi: the act or process of nourishing or being nourished specifically the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances. Synonyms: Nutrition.
Dheef xumo: a condition produced by faulty nutrition. Synonyms: Dystro- phy.
Dheeh: 1. the upper portion of a bodily part as a tooth. Synonyms: Corona.
Dheelallabe: a person who is subject to somnambulism walks while sleeping called also somnambulist. Synonyms: Sleepwalker.
Dheelallabo: an abnormal condition of sleep in which motor acts as walking are performed. Synonyms: Somnambulism.
Dheelliga: 1. a state of balance between opposing forces or actions that is either static as in a body acted on by forces whose resultant is zero or dynamic as in a reversible chemical reaction when the velocities in both directions are equal. 2. a state of intellectual or emotional balance. Synonyms: Equilibrium.
Dheerijiif: 1. a sleep of excessive depth or duration. 2. the condition of sleeping for excessive periods at intervals with intervening periods of normal duration of sleeping and waking. Synonyms: Hypersomnia.
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Dheg: the characteristic
vertebrate organ of hearing and equilibrium consisting in the typical mammal of a soundcollecting outer ear separated by the tympanic membrane from a sound transmitting middle ear that in turn is separated from a sensory inner ear by membranous fenestrae. Synonyms: Ear.
Dhegabeel: lacking or deficient in the sense of hearing. Synonyms: Deaf.
Dhegafarasow: a perception of something as a visual image or a sound with no external cause usually arising from a disorder of the nervous system as in delirium tremens or in functional psychosis without known neurological disease or in response to drugs. Synonyms: Auditory hallucination.
Dhegeystaa1: a medical
instrument for detecting sounds produced in the body that are conveyed
to the ears of the listener through rubber tubing connected with a piece placed upon the area to be examined. Synonyms: Stethoscope.
Dhegeystaa2: a stethoscope equipped with a diaphragm for intensifying auscultatory or murmuring sounds. Synonyms: Phonendo-
scope.
Dhegoole: a person who is deaf. Synonyms: Deaf.
Dhegoyare: 1. a pungent fragrant aromatic reddish brown dried bud a tropical evergreen tree Syzygium aromaticum of the myrtle family Myrtaceae that yields clove oil. 2. a spice consisting of whole or ground cloves. Synonyms: Clove.
Dhegsaarroda (lafta): either of a pair of membrane bones of the roof of the skull between the frontal and occipital bones that are large and quadrilateral in outline, meets in the sagit1
0 4
tal suture, and form much of the top and sides of the cranium. Synonyms: Parietal bone.
Dhegsin: a large triangular muscle that covers the shoulder joint, serves to raise the arm laterally, arises from the upper anterior part of the outer third of the clavicle and from acromion and spine of the scapula, and is inserted into the outer side of the middle of the shaft of the humerus called also deltoid muscle. Synonyms: Deltoid.
Dhegta daloolkeeda: either of two passages of the air called also acoustic meatus, auditory meatus. Synonyms: Auditory canal.
Dhegta raareceeda: a more or less rounded projection of a body organ or part. Synonyms: Lobe of the ear.
Dhegxanuun: an ache or pain in the ear called also otalgia. Synonyms: Earache.
Dhenged1: any of a domain Bacteria of prokaryotic round, spiral or rodshaped singlecelled microorganisms that may lack cell walls or are grampositive or gramnegative if they have cell walls, that are often aggregated into colonies or motile by means of flagella, that typically live in soil, water, organic matter or the bodies of plants and animals, that are usually autotrophic, saprophytic or parasitic in nutrition, and that are noted for their biochemical effects and pathogenicity. Synonyms: Bacterium.
Dhenged2: an attenuated strain of tubercle bacillus developed by repeated culture on a medium containing bile and used in preparation of tuberculosis vaccines called also Bacille CalmetteGuerin. Synonyms: Bacillus.
Dhengedda mililka mad-
ow: a genus of rodshaped grampositive endospore
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producing usually aerobic bacteria of the family Bacil- laceae that include many saprophytes and some parasites as Bacillus anthracis of anthrax. Synonyms: Bacillus of tuberculosis.
Dherab: a bed or cot for a baby usually a framework or support of a baby’s cradle. Synonyms: Cradle.
Dheregdaacsi: the action, process or power of digesting especially the process of making food absorbable by mechanically and enzymatically breaking it down into simpler chemical compounds in the alimentary canal. Synonyms: Digestion.
Dheregsanaan: the act or process of replenishing or state of being replenished following depletion as of a constituent of die blood. Synonyms: Repletion.
Dhergiwaa: an abnormal craving for food. Synonyms: Sitiomania.
Dhex: a typically narrowed part of the body between the thorax and hips. Synonyms: Waist.
Dhexda iligga: the area of the tooth where the crown combines with the root and the coronal enamel. Synonyms: Collar of the tooth.
Dhexxul ah: a situated within, performed within, occurring within or administered by entering a vein. Synonyms: Intravenous.
Dhibaad badasho: an abnormally profuse menstrual flow. Synonyms: Menorrhagia.
Dhibaad go’a: 1. the natural cessation of menstruation occurring usually between the ages of 45 and 55 with a mean of approximately 51 years. 2. the physiological period in the life of a women in which such cessation and the accompanying regression of ovarian function occurs called also climacteric. 3. a cessation
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of menstruation from other than natural causes as from surgical removal of the ovaries. Synonyms: Menopause.
Dhibaad go’ida ragga: a
gradual and highly variable decline in the production of androgenic hormones and especially testosterone in the human male together with its associated effects that is held to occur during and after middle age but is often difficult to discriminated from the effects of confounding factors as chronic illness, stress, or medication use that can depress testosterone levels called also andropause, male climacteric, viropause. Synonyms: Male menopause.
Dhibaadwareer: a painful menstruation. Synonyms: Dysmenohrrea.
Dhibad la’aanta: an abnormal absence or suppression of menstruation. Synonyms: Amenorrhea.
Dhibbaan: 1. an injury as a wound to living tissue caused by an extrinsic agent. 2. a disordered psychic or behaviorral state resulting form mental or emotional stressor physical injury. 3. an agent, force, or mechanism that causes trauma. Synonyms: Trauma.
Dhibcid: 1. a device for the administration of a fluid at a slow rate especially into a vein. 2. a liquid that falls, overflows, or is extruded in drops. Synonyms: Drip.
Dhibcir: a heat stroke
caused by direct exposure to the sun. Synonyms: Sunstroke.
Dhibibid: a copious discharge of blood from the blood vessels. Synonyms: Hemorrhage.
Dhibibsan: free from or lacking blood. Synonyms: Bloodless.
Dhibibtir: 1. the act or practice of killing hopeless107
ly sick or injured individuals as persons or domestic animals in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy. 2. the act or practice of allowing a hopelessly sick or injured patient to die by taking less than complete medical measures to prolong life called also mercy killing. Synonyms: Euthanasia.
Dhibic: 1. the quality of fluid falls in one spherical mass. 2. the smallest practical unit of liquid measure that varies in size according to the specific gravity and viscosity of the liquid and to the conditions under which it is formed. Synonyms: Drop.
Dhibictiris: a short glass tube fitted with a rubber bulb and used to measure liquids by drops called also eyedropper, medicine dropper. Synonyms: Dropper.
Dhibiiq: any of a superfamily Ixodoidae of bloodsucking acarid arachnids that
are larger than the related mites, attach themselves to warmblooded vertebrates to feed and include important vectors of infectious diseases. Synonyms: Tick.
Dhicin; 1. the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus. 2. a spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first 12 weeks of gestation. 3. an expulsion of a fetus of a domestic animal often due to infection at any time before completion of pregnancy. 4. the arrest of a disease in its earliest stage. Synonyms: Abortion.
Dhicis iska keen: a drug taken orally to induce abortion especially early in pregnancy called also abortion pill. Synonyms: Artificial abortion.
Dhicis1: an infectious disease of sheep and cattle caused by a bacterium Campylobacter fetus syn.
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Vibrio fetus and marked by infertility and abortion also known infection with or disease caused by a vibrio. Synonyms: Vibriosis.
Dhicis2: a spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus before it is viable and especially between the 12th and 28th weeks of gestation. Synonyms: Miscarriage.
Dhicis3: happening, arriving, existing or performed before the proper, usual or intended time especially bom after a gestation period of less than 37 weeks. Synonyms: Premature.
Dhidid badida: a generalized or localized excessive sweating. Synonyms: Hy- perhidrosis.
Dhidid yarida: an abnormally diminished sweating. Synonyms: Hypohidrosis.
Dhidid: 1. the act or process of perspiring. 2. a saline fluid that is secreted by the sweet glands, that consists chiefly of water containing
sodium chloride and other salts, nitrogenous substances as urea, carbon dioxide, and other solutes, and that serves both as a means of excretion and as a regular of body temperature through the cooling effect of its evaporation. Synonyms: Perspiration.
Dhididhowr: a cosmetic preparation used to check excessive perspiration.
Synonyms: Antiperspi-
rant.
Dhidiibsan: relating to or being transmission as of a disease by physical contact or proximity in contrast with inheritance. Synonyms: Horizontal.
Dhiidhiga: a morbid dread of water. Synonyms: Hydrophobia.
Dhiig badashada: an excess of blood in a body part as from an increased flow of blood due to vasodilatation. Synonyms: Hyperemia.
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Dhiig bileed: a discharging of blood, secretions and tissue debris from the uterus that recurs in nonpregnant human and other primate females of breeding age at approximately monthly intervals and that is considered to represent a readjustment of the uterus to the nonpregnant state following proliferative changes accompanying the preceeding ovulation. Synonyms: Menstruation.
Dhiig caddaad: an ironde- ficiency anemia especially of adolescent girls that may impart a greenish tint of the skin called also greensickness. Synonyms: Chlorosis.
Dhiig caddaadka: a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin or in total volume. Synonyms: Anemia.
Dhiig cadde: a condition in which the blood is deficient due to hookworms of the genus of the family Ancy-
lostomatidae that have buccal teeth resembling hooks and are intestinal parasites of mammals includeing humans. Synonyms: Anemia.
Dhiig deeqe: one used as a source of biological material as blood. Synonyms: Donor.
Dhiig isku daweynta: the
treatment of disease by modification as by irradiation of the patient’s own blood or by its introduction as by intramuscular injection outside the blood stream. Synonyms: Auto- hemotherapy.
Dhiig isku shubid: a simultaneous withdrawal of the recipient’s blood and transfusion with the donor’s blood especially in the treatment of erythroblastosis. Synonyms: Exchange transfusion.
Dhiig joojista: the agent that checks bleeding especially one that shortens the clotting time of blood. Syn-
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onyms: Hemostatic.
Dhiig ku qarsoon saxara-
da: a blood that is present in the feces in such small quantities that it is detect- ible only by chemical tests or by spectroscopic or microscopic examination. Synonyms: Occult blood.
Dhiig madoobaad: the escape of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels marked by a livid blackandblue or purple spot or discoloration so caused. Synonyms: Ecchy- mosis.
Dhiig mantagid: the vomiting of blood usually black or dark blue color. Synonyms: Hematemesis.
Dhiig meerka: the circulation of blood refers to its continual flow from the heart through branching arteries, to reach and traverse the microscopic vessels in all parts of the body, reconverging in the veins and returning to the heart,
to flow thence through the lungs and back to the heart to start the circuit again. Synonyms: Blood circulation.
Dhiig nadiifin: the process of removing blood from an artery as of a kidney patient, purifying it by dialysis, adding vital substances, and returning it to a vein also called hemodialysis. Synonyms: Dialysis.
Dhiig riixa: a pressure exerted by the blood upon the blood vessels and especially arteries, usually measured on the radial artery by means of a sphygmomanometer, and expressed in millimeters of mercury either as a fraction having a as numerator the maximum pressure that follows systole of the left ventricle of the heart and as denominator the minimum pressure that accompanies cardiac diastole or as a whole number representing the first value only. Synonyms: Blood pressure.
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Dhiig samays: the formation of blood or of blood cells in the living body called also hemopoiesis. Synonyms: Hematopoiesis.
Dhiig yaraan: a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin or in total volume. Synonyms: Anemia.
Dhiig yarida: a deficient supply of blood to a body part as the heart or brain that is due to obstruction of the inflow of arterial blood as by the narrowing of arteries by spasm or disease. Synonyms: Ischemia.
Dhiig: the fluid that circulates in the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins of a vertebrate animal carrying nourishment and oxygen to and bringing away waste products from all parts of the body. Synonyms: Blood.
Dhiigbax1:1. a copious discharge of blood from the blood vessels. 2. a rapid
and uncontrollable loss or outflow. Synonyms: Hemorrhage.
Dhiigbax2: an agent that checks bleeding especially one that shortens the clotting time of blood. Synonyms: Hemostatic.
Dhiigbeeg: an instrument for measuring blood pressure and especially arterial blood pressure. Synonyms: Sphygmomanometer.
Dhiigdaadasho maxalka:
an irregular uterine bleeding especially between menstrual periods or abnormal profuse menstrual flow called also menorrhagia. Synonyms: Metrorrhagia.
Dhiigdaadasho: a loss of blood usually uncontrollable from the arteries. Synonyms: Hemorrhage.
Dhiigdarro: a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin or in total volume. Synonyms: Anemia.
Dhiigdhac: an abnormally low blood pressure usually referred when the speed of blood circulation is below the normal flow. Synonyms: Hypotension.
Dhiigga gantaashiisa:
the interruption of cerebral blood flow caused by spasm or occlusion of some cerebral arteries. Synonyms: Cerebral ictus.
Dhiighoosudhac: 1. an abnormally low pressure of the intraocular fluid. 2. an abnormally low pressure of the blood called also low blood pressure. Synonyms: Hypotension.
Dhiigkac: 1. an abnormally high blood pressure and especially arterial blood pressure. 2. a systemic condition accompanying with high blood pressure that is either symptom less or accompanied especially by dizziness, palpitations, fainting or headache. Synonyms: Hypertension.
Dhiigkar: an abnormally high arterial blood pressure that is usually indicated by an adult systolic pressure of 140 mm. Hg. or greater or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm. Hg. or greater, is chiefly of unknown cause but may be attributable to a preexisting condition as a renal or endocrine disorder that typically results in a thickening and inelasticity of arterial walls and hypertrophy of the left heart ventricle, and that is a risk factor for various pathological or events as heart attack, heart failure, stroke, end- stage renal disease or retinal hemorrhage and also hypertension. Synonyms: High blood pressure.
Dhiigkushub: an act, process, or instance of transfusing especially the process of transfusing fluid as blood into a vein or artery. Synonyms: Blood transfusion.
Dhiigmadoobaad: 1. the
escape of blood into the tis113
sues from ruptured blood vessels marked by a livid blackandblue or purple spot in area. 2. the discoloration so caused. Synonyms: Ecchymosis.
Dhiignuugto: any of parasites of subclass Hirudinea, Haemophagic leeches attach to their hosts to suck blood and remain there until they become adult. Synonyms: Blood sucking parasites.
Dhiigroor: any of several hemorrhagic states characterized by patches of purplish discoloration resulting from extravasations of blood into the skin and mucous membranes. Synonyms: Purpura.
Dhiigsiin1: an act, process, or instance of donating blood to the person in need. Synonyms: Blood donation.
Dhiigsiin2: an act, process, or instance of transfusing especially as the process of transfusing fluid as blood
into a vein or artery. Synonyms: Blood transfusion.
Dhiigsumoobid: 1. an abnormal condition associated with the presence of toxic substances in the blood as a generalized intoxication due to absorption and systemic dissemination of bacterial toxins form a focus of infection. 2. an intoxication due to dissemination of toxic substances as some by- products of protein metabolism that cause functional or organic disturbances as in tire kidneys. Synonyms: Toxemia.
Dhiigtuf: expectoration of blood from some part of the respiratory tract. Synonyms: Hemoptysis.
Dhiigxaraashe: the passage of dark tarry stools containing decomposing blood that is usually an indication of bleeding in the upper part of the alimentary canal and especially the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. Synonyms: Melena.
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Dhiigxire: a device as a band rubber that checks bleeding or blood flow by compressing blood vessels. Synonyms: Tourniquet.
Dhiin: 1. the act or action of concentrating as an increasing of strength as of a solute or a gas in a mixture or a purifying by partial or total removal of diluents, solvents, admixed gases, extraneous material or waste as by evaporation or diffusion. 2. a crude active principle of a vegetation especially for pharmaceutical use in the form of a powder or resin. 3. the relative content of a component as dissolved or dispersed material of a solution, mixture or dispersion that may be expressed by weight or by volume, in parts per million or in grams per liter. Synonyms: Concentration.
Dhiinto: a living organism as yeast that causes fermentation by virtue of its enzymes. Synonyms: Ferment.
Dhilmaanyo: any of a family Culicidae of dipteran files with females that have a set of slender organs in the proboscis adapted to puncture the skin of animals and to suck their blood and that are in some cases vectors of serious diseases. Synonyms: Mosquito.
Dhimaal: 1. a usually dull persistent pain. 2. a com dition marked by aching. Synonyms: Ache.
Dhimashada soohyo: a
dead of living tissue specifically death of a portion of tissue differentially affected by local injury as loss of blood supply, corrosion, burning or the local lesion of a disease. Synonyms: Necrosis.
Dhimasho: 1. deprived
of life. 2. lacking power to move, feel or respond. Synonyms: Dead.
Dhinnaan: a shortage of substances as vitamins necessary to health. Syn-
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onyms: Deficiency.
Dhiqle: a wingless bloodsucking homopterous bug Cimex lectularius L. sometimes infesting houses and especially beds and feeding on human blood. Synonyms: Bedbug.
Dhirif: violent and uncontrolled anger. Synonyms: Rage.
Dhiriq: the feces of an animal especially cattle used as material that fertilizes land. Synonyms: Dung.
Dhiska dareenwadka dhexe: the part of the nervous system which in vertebrates consists of the brain and spinal cord/ to which sensory impulses are transmitted and from which motor impulses pass out, and which supervises and coordinates the activity of the entire nervous system. Synonyms: Central nervous system.
Dhiska dheefshiidka: the
bodily system concerned
with the ingestion, digestion and assimilation of food and the discharge of residual wastes and consisting of the alimentary canal and those glands or parts of complex glands that secrete digestive enzymes called also digestive system. Synonyms: Alimentary system.
Dhiska dhiigwareegga:
the system of blood, blood vessels, lymphatic’s and heart concerned with the circulation of the blood and lymph. Synonyms: Circulation system.
Dhiska neefsashada: a system of organs functioning in respiration and in humans consisting especially of the nose, nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs. Synonyms: Respiratory system.
Dhogor: the soft wavy or curly usually thick undercoat of various hairy mammals and especially the
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sheep made up of a matrix of keratin fibers and covered with minute scales. Synonyms: Wool.
Dhoobo ku daweyn: an
immersion of the body or a part of it in mud as for the alleviation of rheumatism or gout called also mud bath. Synonyms: Mud therapy.
Dhoobo: an earthy material that is plastic when moist but hard when fired, that is composed mainly of fine particles of hydrous aluminium silicates and other minerals, and that is used for brick, tile, and pottery specifically soil composed chiefly of this material having particles less than a specified size. Synonyms: Mud.
Dhooc: a male person of any age between early boyhood and maturity. Synonyms: Lad.
Dhoofka xiniinta: a system of ductless emerging posterior from the testis
that holds sperm during maturation and that forms a tangled mass before uniting into a single coiled duct which is continuous with the vas deferens. Synonyms: Epididymis.
Dhool: a front tooth typically adapted for cutting especially one of the cutting in mammals located between the canines when canines are present. Syn- onyms: Incisor.
Dhowmo: a heterosexual intercourse involving penetration of the vagina by the penis called also coitus. Synonyms: Sexual intercourse.
Dhowrid: something as a drug used to prevent disease. Synonyms: Preventive.
Dhowrto: 1. a device that is designed to be inserted into the vagina before coitus and that resembles in form and function the condom used by males. 2. a sheath
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commonly of rubber worn over the penis as to prevent conception or venereal infection during coitus called also sheath. Synonyms: Condom.
Dhudhun1: the part of the arm between the elbow and the wrist. Synonyms: Cubitus.
Dhudhun2: the bone on the littlefinger side of the human forearm that forms with the hemerus the elbow joint and serves as a pivot in rotation of the hand. Synonyms: Ulna.
Dhufaan: the action or instant of removing the testicles thus rendering impotent or deprivation of lacking offspring. Synonyms: Castration.
Dhug: 1. the totality in psychology of sensations, perceptions, ideas, attitudes and feeling of which an individual or a group is aware at any given time or within a given time span.
2. the upper part of mental life of which the person is aware as contrasted with unconscious processes. Synonyms: Consciousness.
Dhugmamimo: the quality or state of being immune especially a condition of being able to resist a particular disease especially through preventing development of a pathogenic microorganism or by counteracting the effects of its products. Synonyms: Immunity.
Dhugmo: 1. the act or state of attending as the application of the mind to any object of sense or thought. 2. an organismic condition of selective awareness or perceptual receptivity specifically the complex of neuromuscular adjustments that permit maximum excitability or responsiveness to given class of stimuli.
3. the process of focusing consciousness to produce greater vividness and clarity of certain of its contents
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relative to others. Synonyms: Attention.
Dhukaan: an infection with or disease caused by trypanosomes. Synonyms: Trypanosomiasis.
Dhukay: the darkbrown waxy secretion from the glands of the external ear called also cerumen. Synonyms: Earwax.
Dhukeeye: any of a genus Trypanosomidae of parasitic flagellate protozoans that infest the blood of various vertebrates including humans is usually transmitted by the bites of an insect, and includes some that cause serious diseases as sleeping sickness and Chagas disease. Synonyms: Trypanosome.
Dhullax1: a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue. Synonyms: Abscess.
Dhullax2: 1. a small inflamed elevation of the skin containing pus and having
an inflamed base. 2. a small often distinctively colored elevation or spot resembling a blister or pimple called also pustule. Synonyms: Pimple.
Dhumuq: a small bone that articulates with the sacrum and that usually consists of four fused vertebrae which form the terminus of the spinal column. Synonyms: Coccyx.
Dhunjin: 1. the act of swallowing. 2. an amount that can be swallowed at one time. Synonyms: Swallow.
Dhunkaal: 1. a substance that through its chemical action usually kills, injures or impairs an organism. .2. a substance that inhibits the activity of another substance or the cause of the a reaction or process. Synonyms: Poison.
Dhuq: a fold of mucous membrane partly or wholly the orifice of the vagina. Synonyms: Hymen.
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Dhusuq: contaminated
with infecting organisms. Synonyms: Dirty.
Dhutin: having a body and especially a limb so disabled as to impair freedom of movement or physically disabled. Synonyms: Lame.
Dhuudhi: any of order Si- phonaptera of small wingless bloodsucking that has insects that have a hard laterally compressed body and legs adapted to leaping and that feed on warmblooded animals. Synonyms: Flea.
Dhuug: any of several dipteran flies of the genus Glossina that occur in sub- Saharan Africa and include vectors of human and animal trypansomes as those causing sleeping sickness called also tsetse. Synonyms: Tsetse fly.
Dhuumayn: the introduction of a tube into hallow organ as trachea. Synonyms: Intubation.
Dhuun mindhicireed: the
muscular opening from the vertebrate stomach into the intestine. Synonyms: Pylorus.
Dhuun neef holac: an acute or chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes also a disease marked by this. Synonyms: Bronchitis.
Dhuun neefidaal: a chronic dilatation of bronchi or bronchioles. Synonyms: Bronchiectasis.
Dhuun neefiifiye: a usually flexible endoscope for inspecting or passing instruments into the bronchi as to obtain tissue from biopsy. Synonyms: Bronchoscope.
Dhuun xirriin: 1. an absence or closure of a natural passage of the body. 2. an absence or disappearance of an anatomical part as an ovarian follicle by degeneration. Synonyms: Atresia.
Dhuun yeerid: a sibilant whistling sound caused by difficult or obstructed
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respiration. Synonyms: Wheeze.
Dhuuncalooleed: of, or relating to the stomach. Synonyms: Gastric.
Dhuuni: a person given habitually to greedy and voracious eating and drinking as having a great capacity for accepting eating without tiring of it. Synonyms: Glutton.
Dhuunmaroor: relating to, affecting, or being near the rectum. Synonyms: Rectal.
Dhuunta caloosha: a flexible tube passed into the stomach as by way of the nasal passages and esophagus or through a surgical opening in the abdominal wall for the introduction of material as food or removal of gastric contents. Synonyms: Stomach tube.
Dhuunta dhegta: a bony and cartilaginous tube connecting the middle ear with nasopharynx and equalizing air pressure on both
sides of the tympanic membrane called also eusiachian tube, pharyngotympanic tube. Synonyms: Auditory tube.
Dhuunta dhuunyarada: a long flexible rubber tube that can be passed through the esophagus and stomach into the duodenum. Synonyms: Duodenal tube.
Dhuunta eegista neefta:
a tube inserted as through the nose or mouth into the trachea to maintain an unobstructed passage way especially to deliver oxygen or anesthesia to the lungs called also breathing tube. Synonyms: Endotracheal tube.
Dhuunta ilmagaleenka: either of the pair of tubes that carry the eggs from the ovary to the uterus called also uterine tube. Synonyms: Fallopian tube.
Dhuunta iniinta: the slender tubular outgrowth first produced by most spores in germination. Synonyms:
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Dhuunta nafaqada: a flexible tube as of polyurethane or silicone passed into the stomach as by way of the nasal passages or through a surgical opening in the abdominal wall for introducing fluids and liquid food into the stomach. Synonyms: Feeding tube.
Dhuunta neefta: the main trunk of the system of tubes by which air passes to and from the lungs that is about four inches about 10 centimeters long and somewhat less than an inch equal to 2.5 centimeters in diameter, extends down the front of the neck from the larynx, divides in two to form the bronchi, has walls of fibrous and muscular tissue stiffened by incomplete cartilaginous rings which keep it from collapsing, and is lined with mucous membrane whose epithelium is composed of columnar ciliated mucussecreting cells called also windpipe. SynGerm
tu b e .
Dhuunta raajida: a vacuum tube in which a concentrated stream of electrons from the a cathode strikes a metal target and produced Xrays from the side of the tube at right angles in a quantity and intensity that is controlled by the cathode temperature and with a wavelength and hardness that depends upon the voltage applied to the tube terminals. Synonyms: Xray tube.
Dhuunta tijaabada: 1. a
plain or lipped tube usually of thin glass closed at one end and used especially in chemistry and biology. 2. produced by in vitro fertilization as babies bom are called also test tube babies. Synonyms: Test tube.
Dhuuntow: inflammation of pharynx. Synonyms: Pharyngitis.
Dhuuqid: 1. a drawing of something in, out, up, or
onym s : T ra ch e a .
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through by or as if by suction as the act of breathing and especially of breathing in. 2. the withdrawal of fluid or friable tissue from the body. 3. the taking of foreign matter into the lungs with the respiratory current. Synonyms: Aspiration.
Dhuuqid: 1. the act or process of sucking. 2. the act or the process of exerting a force upon a solid, liquid or gaseous body by reason air pressure over part of its surface as force so exerted. 3. the act or process of removing secretions or fluids hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device as a suction pump that operates on negative pressure. Synonyms: Suction.
Dhuuri: short duration or transient pain. Synonyms: Mild pain.
Dhuurid: 1. a state of physical, emotional or mental lack of wellbeing or physical,
emotional or mental uneasiness that ranges from mild discomfort or dull distress to acute often unbearable agony, may be generalized or localized, and is the consequence of being injured or hurt physically, mentally or of some derangement of or lack of equilibrium in physical or mental functions as through disease, and that usually produces a reaction of wanting to avoid, escape, or destroy the causative factor and its effects. 2. a basic bodily sensation that is induced by a noxious stimulus, is received by naked nerve endings, is characterized by physical discomfort as pricking, throbbing, or aching, and typically leads to evasive action. Synonyms: Pain.
Dhuuso: to expel intestinal gas from the anus. Synonyms: Fart.
Dhuux: a softly highly vascular modified connective tissue that occupies the
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cavities and cancellous part of most bones and occurs in two forms: (1) a whitish or yellowish bone marrow consisting chiefly of fat cells and predominating in the cavities of the long bones called also yellow marrow. (2) a reddish bone marrow containing little fat, being the chief seat of red blood cell and blood granulocyte formation, and occurring in the normal adult only in cancellous tissue especially in certain flat bones called red marrow. Synonyms: Bone marrow.
Dhuuxdheer: the marrow tissue that extends from the brain lengthwise along the back in the vertebral canal. Synonyms: Spinal marrow®
E
ized by, or being the one of the four basic taste sensations that is produced chiefly by acids. Synonyms: Sour.
Eeddin: a persistent involuntary hypertonicity of one or more muscles usually of central origin and commonly associated with pain and excessive irritability. Synonyms: Muscle spasm.
Eegid: 1. a professional call as by a physician to treat a patient. 2. a call upon a professional person as a physician or dentist for consultation or treatment. Synonyms: Visit.
Eerbiyam: a metallic element of the rareearth group that occurs with yttrium. Synonyms: Erbium.
Elektrod: a conductor used to establish electrical contact with a nonmetallic part of a circuit. Synonyms: Electrode.
Engeg: 1. a marked by the absence or scantiness of se-
Eedaq: causing, character1
2 4
cretions, effusions or other forms of moisture. 2. of a cough not accompanied by the raising of mucus or phlegm. Synonyms: Dry.
Papule.
Eyddin kulul: a sudden brief flushing and sensation of heat caused by dilation of skin capillaries usually associated with menopausal endocrine imbalance. Synonyms: Hot flush.
ra-
Eynishtaaniyam: a
dioactive element produced artificially. Synonyms: Einsteinium®
Faaca haragga: a small solid usually conical elevation of the skin caused by inflammation, accumulated secretion or hypertrophy of tissue elements. Synonyms:
Faadumo: the third finger of the hand counting index finger as the first. Synonyms: Ring finger.
Faalig: a complete or partial loss of function especially when involving the power of motion or of sensation in any part of the body. Synonyms: Paralysis.
Faan: a front tooth adapted for cutting especially any of eight cutting human teeth that are located between the canines with four in the lower and four in the upper jaw. Synonyms: Incisor.
Faar: causing, characterized by, or being the one of the four basic sensations that is produced chiefly by acids. Synonyms: Sour.
Faashad: a strip of fabric used to cover a wound, hold a dressing in place, immobilize an injured part or apply pressure. Synonyms: Bandage.
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,kk.
i
Fac1:1. the part of life from birth to a given time. 2. an indivi dual’s development measured in terms of the years requisite for like development of an average individual. 3. the time or part of life at which some particular event, qualification or capacity arises, occurs or is lost. Synonyms: Age.
Fac2: 1. a body of living beings constituting a single step in the line of descent from an ancestor. 2. a group of individuals bom and living contemporaneously. 3. the average span of time between the birth of parents and that of their offspring. Synonyms: Generation.
Fadaq: an individual who is hyperactive. Synonyms: Hyperactive.
Faddhicinta feerta: surgical incision of the chest wall. Synonyms: Thoracotomy.
Fadfad1: a mark, pit or depressed scar caused by smallpox or acne. SynFadfad2:
a usually slowly progressive disease marked by the deposition of fibrous connective tissue in the skin and often in internal organs and structures. Synonyms: Scleroderma.
Fadhiid: inability to walk caused by a defect in muscular coordination. Synonyms: Abasia.
Fahmo: 1. the ability to leam or understand or to deal with new or trying situations. 2. the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one’s environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria as test. Synonyms: Intelligence.
Fajaas: 1. the act of lacerating. 2. a tom and ragged wound. Synonyms: Laceration.
Fal silsiladeed: a selfsus- taining chemical or nuclear reaction yielding energy or products that cause further
onyms: P o ckm a rk .
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reactions of the same kind. Synonyms: Chain reaction.
Falgal: 1. the act or process or an instance of reacting.
2. the force that a body subjected to the action of a force from another body exerts in the opposite direction. 3. a chemical transformation or change as the interaction of chemical entities. Synonyms: Reaction.
Fallaar: 1. a stream of material particles traveling in the same line as in radioactive phenomena. 2. one of the lines of light that appear to radiate from a bright object.
3. a beam of radiant energy as light of small cross section. Synonyms: Ray.
Fallaaro egis ku daweyn-
ta: a medical treatment as of cancer by controlled application of Xrays called also roentgen therapy. Synonyms: Xray therapy.
Fallaaro egis: any of the
electromagnetic radiations of the same nature as visible
radiation but of an extremely short wavelength less than 100 angstroms that is produced by bombarding a metallic target with fast electrons in vacuum or by transition of atoms to lower energy states and that has the properties of ionizing a gas upon passage through it, of penetrating various thicknesses of all solids, of producing secondary radiations by impinging on material bodies, of acting on photographic films and plates as light does, and of causing fluorescent screens to emit light called also roentgen ray. Synonyms: Xray.
Fanaadiyam: a greyish
malleable ductile polyvalent metallic element found combined in minerals and used especially to form alloys as vanadium steel. Synonyms: Vanadium.
Fanjar: 1. a cell, group of cells or organ of endothelial origin that selectively removes materials form
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the blood, concentrates or alters them, and secretes them for further use in the body or for elimination from the body. 2. any of various animal structures as a lymph node suggestive of glands though not secretory in function. Synonyms: Gland.
Fanto: an acute contagious febrile disease of human that is caused by a poxvirus of the genus Orthopoxvirus species Variola virus is characterized by skin eruption with pustules, sloughing and scar formation, and is believed to have been eradicated globally by widespread vaccination called also variola. Synonyms: Small pox.
Far murugsato: the finger next to the thumb called also forefinger. Synonyms: Index finger.
Far: any of the five terminating members of the hand as a digit of the forelimb especially one other than the
Faraatikeen: a secondary disease or condition that develops in the course of a primary disease or condition and arises either as a result of it or from independent causes. Synonyms: Complication.
Farac: the progeny of a human, animal or plant. Synonyms: Offspring.
Faraca hunguriga: either of the two primary divisions of the trachea that lead respectively into tire right and left lung. Synonyms: Bronchus.
Farammar: a piece of clothing or rubber which is worn on the hand used for protection with separate parts for each finger. Synonyms: Glove.
Faransiyam: a radioactive element of the alkalimetal group discovered as a disintegration product of actinium and obtained artificially by the bombardment
thumb. S y n on ym s : Finger.
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of thorium with protons. Synonyms: Francium.
Faraq maskaxeedka: any of
the nerves that arise in pairs from the lower surface of the brain one on each side and pass through openings in the skull to the periphery of the body and that comprise 12 pairs in reptiles, birds and mammals and usually 10 in fishes and amphibians. Synonyms: Cranial nerve.
Faraqa aragtida: either of the second pair of cranial nerves that pass from the retina to the optic chiasma and conduct visual stimuli to the brain. Synonyms: Optic nerve.
Faraqa: a bordering fringe especially at the entrance of the fallopian tubes. Synonyms: Fimbria.
Faraqarrar: I. the rounded prominence formed by the ends of the two adjacent bones at a joint used especially of those at the joints
of the finger. Synonyms: Knuckles.
Faraqdhuumood: a primary
bronchus or any of its branches. Synonyms: Bronchial tube.
Faraynta: 1. the act or technique of tapping the surface of a body part to learn the condition of the parts beneath by the resulting sound. 2. a massage consisting of the striking of a body with light rapid blows called also tapotement. Synonyms: Tapping percussion.
Fardhexo: the midmost of the five digits of the hand. Synonyms: Middle finger.
Fargale: inflammation of a finger or toe. Synonyms: Dactylitis.
Farmashiye: 1. a place
where medicine are compounded or dispensed. 2. the art, practice or profession of preparing, preserving, compounding and dispensing medical drug.
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Faro ku jugayn: the act of striking or firmly tapping the surface of the body with a finger or small hammer usually visits to a medical doctor. Synonyms: Digital percussion.
Farojirjir: the opposite part of the balm of the hand. Synonyms: Upper hand.
Faroqori reemeed: a
clubbed finger or having a bulbous enlargement of the tip with convex overhanging nail. Synonyms: Hippocratic finger.
Farraar: the action or process of dividing into two branches or parts. Synonyms: Bifurcation.
Faruur: 1. either of the two fleshly folds which surround the opening of the mouth in humans and many other vertebrates and in humans are organs of speech essential to certain articulations also the pinkish or reddish margin of
S y n on ym s : P h a rm a cy .
a human lip composed of nonglanular mucous membrane and usually exposed when the mouth takes on its natural set. 2. either of a pair of fleshy folds surrounding an orifice. 3. an anatomical part or structure as a labium resembling a lip. Synonyms: Lip.
Faruurle: a birth defect characterized by one or more clefts in the upper lip resulting from failure of the embryonic parts of the lip to unite called also cheilo- schisis, cleft lip. Synonyms: Harelip.
Faryaro: the forth and
smallest finger of the hand counting the index finger as the first. Synonyms: Little finger.
Fasas: 1. an infective agent or material contaminated with an infective agent. 2. the state produced by the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host. 3. a disease resulting from infection. Synonyms:
Infection.
Fasastir: the action or
process of freeing form infection especially by destroying harmful microorganisms. Synonyms: Disinfection.
Fashaq: containing or characterized by perceptible moisture especially to the point of being oppressive. Synonyms: Humid.
Fayiigsi: a condition in which visual images come to a focus behind the retina of the eye and vision is better for distant that for near objects called also farsightedness. Synonyms: Hyperopia.
Fayl1: a tough cord or band of dense white fibrous connective tissue that unites a muscle with some other part as a bone and transmits the force which the muscle exerts. Synonyms: Tendon.
Fayl2: the strong tendon joining the muscles in the
calf of the leg to the bone of heal called also Achilles. Synonyms: Achilles tendon.
Fayow: 1. the condition of being sound in body, mind, or spirit especially freedom from physical disease or pain. 2. the general condition of the body. Synonyms: Health.
Fayowdhowr: 1. the science of the establishment and maintenance of health. 2. the condition or practice as of cleanliness conductive to health. Synonyms: Hygiene.
Fayruus: 1. the causative agent of an infectious disease. 2. any of a large group of submicroscopic infective agents that are regarded either as extremely simple microorganisms or as extremely complex molecules, that typically contain a protein coat surrounding an RNA or DNA core of genetic material but no semipermeable membrane,
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that are capable of growth and multiplication only in living cells, and that cause various important diseases in humans, lower animals, or plants. 3. a disease or illness caused by a virus. Synonyms: Virus.
Feer beenaad: a rib whose cartilages unite indirectly or not at all with the sternum. Synonyms: False rib.
Feer: any of the paired bony or partly cartilaginous rods that stiffen the walls of the body of most vertebrates and protect the inner organs as heart, liver, or stomach. Synonyms: Rib.
Feeraha (cudurka): a highly communicable disease of humans and some other vertebrates that is caused by the tubercle bacillus by a related Mycobacterium bo- vis, that affects especially the lungs but may spread to other areas as the kidney or spinal column, and that is characterized by fever, cough, difficulty in breathing,
formation of tubercles, caseation, pleural effusions and fibrosis. Synonyms: Tuberculosis.
Feercalaan: a rib as one of either of the last two pairs in humans that have no attachment to the sternum. Synonyms: Floating ribs.
Feero: the part of the mammalian body between the neck and the abdomen in which its cavity the heart and lungs lie. Synonyms: Thorax.
Feex: 1. a malignant tumor of potentially unlimited growth that expands locally by invasion and systemical- ly by metastasis. 2. something evil or malignant that spreads destructively. Synonyms: Cancer.
Feker: 1. the action or process of thinking. 2. the power to imagine. 3. the intellectual product or the organized views and principles of a period, place, group or individual. Syn-
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Fermiyeeri: a person who cares for the sick or infirm specifically a licensed healthcare professional who practices independently or is supervised by a physician, surgeon or dentist and who is skilled in promoting and maintaining health. Synonyms: Nurse.
Fiif: 1. to make a sharp sibilant sound. 2. to utter or whisper angrily or threateningly and with a hiss. Synonyms: Hiss.
Fiiqa xusulka: the large process of the ulna that projects behind the elbow forms the bony prominence of the elbow and receives the insertion of the triceps muscle. Synonyms: Olecranon.
Fiirin: 1. a professional call as by a physician to treat a patient. 2. a call upon a professional person as a physician or dentist for
on ym s : Thought.
consultation or treatment. Synonyms: Visit.
Fiirmiyam: a radioactive metallic element artificially produced as by bombardment of plutonium with neutrons. Synonyms: Fer- mium.
Fiiro: awareness of the elements of environment through physical sensation. Synonyms: Perception.
Fiirus: 1. the causative
agent of an infectious disease. 2. any of a large group of submicros copic infective agents that are regarded either as extremely simple microorganisms or as extremely complex molecules, that typically contain a protein coat surrounding an RNA or DNA core of genetic material but no semipermeable membrane, that are capable of growth and multiplication only in living cells, and that cause various important diseases in humans, lower animals or plants. 3. a disease or
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illness caused by a vims. Synonyms: Vims.
Fiish: inflammation of the conjunctiva containing, consisting of, or being pus. Synonyms: Purulent conjunctivitis.
Fiitamiin darro: a shortage of vitamins necessary to health. Synonyms: Vitamin deficiency.
Fiitamiin: any of various organic substances that are essential in minute quantities to the nutrition of most animals and some plants, act especially as coenzymes and precursors of coenzymes in the regulation of metabolic processes but do not provide energy or serve as building units, and are present in natural foodstuffs or sometimes produced within the body. Synonyms: Vitamin.
Filfil: a woody vine of the genus Piper nigrum that is widely cultivated in the tropics for its red berries
from which black and white pepper are prepared. Synonyms: Pepper.
Fin: a small inflamed elevation of the skin especially containing pus and having an inflamed base. Synonyms: Pimple.
Findhicil: a pointed instrument as a slender tapering piece of wood used for removing food particles lodged between the teeth. Synonyms: Toothpick.
Findoob: a disorder of the skin caused by inflammation of the skin glands and hair follicles specifically a form found chiefly in adolescent and marked by pimples especially on the face. Synonyms: Acne.
Fiqiduur: 1. one who collects or grows herbs. 2. one who practices herbal medicine. Synonyms: Herbalist.
Fir: the progeny of a human, animal or plant. Synonyms: Offspring.
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Firiiric1: a disorder of the skin caused by inflammation of the skin glands and hair follicles specifically a form found chiefly in adolescent and marked by pimples especially on the face. Synonyms: Acne.
Firiiric2: an eruption on the body typically with little or no elevation above the surface. Synonyms: Rash.
Firiirica isha daboolkeeda:
an inflamed swelling of a sebaceous gland at the margin of an eyelid called also hordeolum. Synonyms: Sly.
Firiirica korneyada: inflammation
of the cornea. Synonyms: Corneal ulcer.
Fisyoolojiye: 1. a branch of biology that deals with the functions and activities of life or of living matter as organs, tissues, cells, and of the physical and chemical phenomena involved. 2. the organic processes and phenomena of an organism or any of its parts or of
a particular bodily process. 3. a treatise on physiology. Synonyms: Physiology.
Fitaax: the condition of being stretched beyond normal dimensions especially as a result of overwork or disease or of abnormal relaxation. Synonyms: Dilation.
Fitaaxid: the expansion of a hollow or tubular organ. Synonyms: Ectasia.
Fonqor1: a marked of physical deformity or injury as any small mark on the skin as a pimple or birthmark. Synonyms: Blemish.
Fonqor2: an identifying
mark or characteristic specifically a specific sign of a disease. Synonyms: Stigma.
Food1: 1. a small cluster of elongated flexible outgrowths or parts attached or close together at the base and free at the opposite ends. 2. a small bunch of hairs on the body. Syn-
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on ym s : Tuft. place. S yn on ym s : Lab o r.
Food2: the part of the face above the eyes called also broio, frons. Synonyms: Forehead.
Fool2: of, relating to, adjacent to the forehead or the frontal bone. Synonyms: Frontal
Foodda (lafta): 1. a bone that forms the forehead and roofs over most of the orbits and nasal cavity and that at birth consists of two halves separated by a suture. 2. either of the two halves especially in a vertebrate in which they do not unite to form a single bone. Synonyms: Frontal bone.
Fool dhib leh: slow, difficult labor or delivery. Synonyms: Dystocia.
Fool1: 1. the physical activities involved in parturition consisting essentially of a prolonged series of involuntary contractions of the uterine musculature together with both reflex and voluntary contractions of the abdominal wall. 2. the period of time during which such labor takes
Fool beenaad: pains resembling those of normal labor but occurring at irregular intervals and without dilation of the cervix. Synonyms: False labor.
Fosfoor: a nonmetallic multivalent element that occurs widely in combined form especially as inorganic phosphates in minerals, soils, natural waters, bones and teeth and as organic phosphates in all living cells and that exists in several allotropic forms. Synonyms: Phosphorus.
Fudul: 1. an abnormal mass or swelling. 2. a piece or mass of indefinite size and shape. Synonyms: Lump.
Fuf: 1. a rapid and repeated production of new parts or of offspring as in a mass of cells by a rapid succession
of cell divisions. 2. a growth so formed. Synonyms: Proliferation.
Fujo: an inflammation of the pleura that is typically characterized by sudden onset, painful, difficult respiration and exudation of fluid or fibrinous material into the pleural cavity also called pleuritis. Synonyms: Pleurisy.
Fuluuriin: a nonmetallic monovalent halogen element that is normally a pale yellowish flammable irritating toxic gas. Synonyms: Fluorine.
Fuq: either of two complex cartilaginous or bony structures in most vertebrates that border the mouth, support the soft parts enclosing it, and usually bear teeth on their oral margin. Synonyms: Jaw.
Fuqa hoose: a lower structure that consists of a single bone or of completely fused bones and that is hinged,
movable, and articulated by a pair of condyles with the temporal bone of either side called also inferior maxillary bone, mandible. Synonyms: Lower jaw.
Fuqa sare: an upper structure more or less firmly fused with the skull called also maxilla. Synonyms: Upper jaw.
Furuq biyoole: an acute contagious disease especially of children that is marked by lowgrade fever and formation of vescicles and that is caused by a her- pevirus of the genus Var- icellovirus species Human herpesvirus 3 called also varicella. Synonyms: Chicken pox.
Furuq dhoon: a mark, pit or depressed scar caused by smallpox or acne. Synonyms: Pockmark.
Furuq: an acute contagious febrile disease of humans that is caused by a poxvirus species Variola virus of
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the genus Orthopoxvirus, is characterized by skin eruption pustules, sloughing, scar formation and is believed to have been eradicated globally by widespread vaccination called also variola. Synonyms: Smallpox.
Furux: the group of bones supporting the wrist comprising in humans a proximal row which contains the scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum and pisiform that articulate with the radius and a distal row which contains the trapezium, trapezoid, capitate and hamate that articulate with the metacarpals. Synonyms: Carpus.
Furxis: a sudden or violent twist or wrench of a joint causing the stretching or tearing of ligaments and often rupture of blood vessels with hemorrhage into the tissues. 2. the condition resulting from a sprain that is usually marked by swelling, inflammation, hemorrhage
and discoloration. Synonyms: Sprain.
Futo: the posterior opening of the alimentary canal. Synonyms: Anus.
Fuud: 1. a liquid in which meat or sometimes vegetable food has been cooked. 2. a fluid culture medium. Synonyms: Broth.
Fuur: 1. to make turgid as to produce edema in. 2. to cause or result in accumulation of gas in the digestive tract of. 3. to cause abdominal distension in. Synonyms: Bloated corpse.
Fuurid: to become distended or puffed up. Synonyms: Swell®
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G
Gaaddo (muruq): 1. either of the muscles that connect the ventral walls of the chest with the bones of the upper arm and shoulder of which in humans there are two on either side. 2. a larger one that arises from the clavicle, the sternum, the cartilages of most or all of the ribs, and the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle and is inserted by a strong flat tendon into the posterior bicipital ridge of the humerus called also pectoralis major. 3. a smaller one that lies beneath the larger, arises from the third, fourth and fifth ribs, and is inserted by a flat tendon into the coracoid process of the scapula called also pectoralis minor. Synonyms: Pectoral muscle.
Gaaddo saab: the division of the body cavity that lies
above the diaphragm, is bounded peripherally by the wall of the chest, and contains the heart and lungs. Synonyms: Thoracic cavity.
Gaaddo: the part of the mammalian body that is situated between the neck and the abdomen and supported by the ribs, costal cartilages and sternum. Synonyms: Thorax.
Gaaddoliiniyam: a magnetic metallic element of the rareearth group. Synonyms: Gadolinium.
Gaagax: an exaggerated
and often disabling fear usually inexplicable to the subject and having sometimes a logical but usually an illogical or symbolic object, class of objects or situation. Synonyms: Phobia.
Gaajo: 1. a craving, desire or urgent need for food. 2. an uneasy sensation occasioned normally by the lack of food and resulting
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directly from stimulation of the sensory nerves of the stomach by the contraction and churning movement of the empty stomach. Synonyms: Hunger.
Gaalliyam: a rare bluish white metallic element that is hard and brittle at low temperatures but melts just above room temperature and expands on freezing and that is used in the form of its hydrated nitrate salt Ga(N03)3.9H20 to treat hypercalcemia caused by certain cancers. Synonyms: Gallium.
Gaan: 1. the quality or state of being strong as capacity for exertion or endurance. 2. a degree of potency of effect or of concentration. Synonyms: Strength.
Gaarso: a strip of fabric used to cover a wound, hold a dressing in place, immobilize an injured part or apply pressure. Synonyms: Bandage.
Gaas1: 1. a substance as air that has neither independent shape nor volume but tends to expand indefinitely. 2. a gaseous product of digestion. 3. a gas or gaseous mixture used to produce anesthesia. 4. a substance that can be used to produce a poisonous, asphyxiating or irritant atmosphere. Synonyms: Gas.
Gaas2: a flammable hydrocarbon oil usually obtained by distillation of petroleum and used for a fuel and as a solvent and thinner as in insecticide emulsion. Synonyms: Kerosene.
Gaas3: a waxy crystalline flammable substance obtained especially from distillates of wood, coal, petroleum or shale oil that is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and is used chiefly in coating and sealing, in candles, in rubber compounding and in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Synonyms: Paraffin.
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Gaashi: a small solid usually conical elevation of the skin caused by inflammation, accumulated secretion, or hypertrophy of tissue elements. Synonyms: Papule.
Gaatir: the outer more or less homy part of the epidermis consisting chiefly of layers of dead flattened no nucleated cells filled with keratin called also stratum corneum. Synonyms: Horny skin.
Gabbaad: developing so gradually as to be well established before becoming apparent. Synonyms: Insidious.
Gabdhaw: a disease being transmitted by the bites of ticks capable of forming paralysis. Synonyms: Tick paralysis.
Gacaltooyo: 1. a moderate feeling or emotion. 2. the feeling aspect as in pleasure or displeasure of consciousness. Synonyms: Affection.
Gacan1: the part of the human upper limb between the shoulder and the wrist. Synonyms: Arm.
Gacan2:1. the terminal part of the vertebrate forelimb when modified as in humans as a grasping organ. 2. the forelimb segment as the terminal section of a bird’s wing of a vertebrate higher than the fishes that corresponds to the hand irrespective of its form or functional specialization. Synonyms: Hand.
Gacantir: 1. an absorbent cloth or paper for wiping and drying. 2. a disposable absorbent pad used as during menstruation to absorb the flow from the uterus called also sanitary napkin. Synonyms: Towel.
Gadh1: the hair that grows on a man’s faces often excluding the mustache. Synonyms: Beard.
Gadh2: the lower portion of the face lying below the
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lower lip and including the prominence of the lower jaw called also mentum. Synonyms: Chin.
Gadoob: a basin shaped structure in the skeleton of* many vertebrates that is formed by the pelvic girdle together with the sacrum and often various coccygeal and caudal vertebrae and that in humans is composed of two hip bones bounding it on each side and in front while the sacrum and coccyx complete behind. Synonyms: Pelvis.
Galaal: a toilet powder composed of perfumed talc or with some mild antiseptic. Synonyms: Talcum powder.
Galaas ku toobid: a technique formerly employed for drawing blood to the surface of the body by application of a glass vessel from which air had been evacuated by heat to form a partial vacuum. Synonyms: Cupping.
Galabbax: a rapid succession of alternating contractions and partial relaxations of a muscle occurring in some nervous diseases. Synonyms: Clonus.
Gale: an inflammatory
swelling of a lymph node especially in the groin. Synonyms: Bubo.
Galeen: a membranous
muscular sac in which bile from the liver is stored called also cholecyst. Synonyms: Gallbladder.
Galgaalnimo: incapable of producing offspring used especially of females or mating. Synonyms: Barren.
Galiilyo1: 1. a sudden or violent disturbance in the mental or emotional faculties. 2. a state of profound depression of the vital processes of the body that is characterized by pallor, rapid but weak pulse, rapid and shallow respiration, reduced total blood volume, and low blood pressure
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and that is caused usually by severe especially crushing injuries, hemorrhage, bums, or major surgery. 3. a sudden stimulation of the nerves or convulsive contraction of the muscles that is caused by the discharge through the animal body of electricity from a charged source. Synonyms: Shock.
Galiilyo2: an abnormal fine tremor or vibration in the respiratory or circulatory systems felt on palpation. Synonyms: Thrill.
Galmagashi: 1. a sheath commonly of rubber worn over the penis as to prevent conception or venereal infection during coitus called also sheath. 2. a device that is designed to be inserted into the vagina before coitus and that resembles in form and function the condom used by males. Synonyms: Condom.
Galmalabayste: 1. a possessing characters of both sexes. 2. of, relating to, or
characterized by a tendency to direct sexual desire toward individuals of both sexes. Synonyms: Bisexual.
Galmatoos: 1. of, relating to, or characterized by a tendency to direct sexual desire toward individuals of opposite sex. 2. of, relating to, or involving sexual intercourse between a male and female. Synonyms: Heterosexual.
Galmo: 1. a physical union of male and female genitalia accompanied by rhythmic movements called also coitus. 2. a heterosexual intercourse involving penetration of the vagina by the penis. Synonyms: Sexual intercourse.
Galool: 1. the path of a point in a plane moving around a central point while continuously receding from or approaching it. 2. a three dimensional curve as a helix with one or more turns about an axis. Synonyms:
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Spiral.
Gam’iso: 1. a drug as codeine, methadone, or morphine that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain and induces profound sleep but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma or convulsions. 1. a drug as marijuana subject to restriction similar to that of addictive narcotics whether in fact physiologically addictive and narcotic or not. Synonyms: Narcotic.
Gam’iwaa: a prolonged
and usually abnormal inability to obtain adequate asleep called also agrypnia. Synonyms: Insomnia.
Gama”: 1. the natural periodic suspension of consciousness during which the powers of the body are restored. 2. a state resembling sleep. Synonyms: Sleep.
Gama’san: 1. being in state of sleep. 2. lacking sensation. Synonyms: Asleep.
Gamiiuxan: 1. lacking
sharpness or quickness of sensibility or intellect. 2. not pointed or acute. Synonyms: Obtuse.
Ganac: a large lobulated gland that in humans lies in front of the upper lumbar vertebrae and behind stomach and is somewhat hammerhapped and firmly attached anteriorly to the curve of the duodenum with which it communicates through one or more pancreatic ducts and that consists of: (1) tubular acini secreting digestive enzymes which pass to the intestine and function in the breakdown of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates; (2) modified acinar cells that form islets of Langerhans between the tubules and secrete the hormones insulin and glucagons; and (3) a firm connectivetissue capsule that extends supportive strands into the organ. Synonyms: Pancreas.
Gandi: any of several
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dipteran flies genus Glos- sina that occur in Africa especially south of the Sahara and include vectors of human and animal trypanosomes which inflicts the sleeping sickness diseases called also tsetse. Synonyms: Tsetse fly.
Gantaal: 1. the energy radiated in the form of waves or particles. 2. the process of emitting radiant energy in the form of waves or particles. 3. a tract of nerve fibers within the brain especially one concerned with the distribution of impulses arising from sensory stimuli to the relevant coordinating centers and nuclei. Synonyms: Radiation.
Garaaca wadnaha1: one
complete pulsation of the heart. Synonyms: Heartbeat.
Garaaca wadnaha2: a measure of cardiac activity usually expressed as number of beats per minute. Synonyms: Heart rate.
Garaacgabidda wadnaha:
1. a cessation of heart beat.
2. a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood at an adequate rate or in adequate volume. Synonyms: Heart failure.
Garaad: 1. the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations. 2. the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one’s environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria as tests. 3. a mental acuteness. Synonyms: Intelligence.
Garaadyari: lacking usual or normal mental clarity or coherence. Synonyms: Irrationality.
Garaam: 1. the weight of a gram under standard gravity. 2. a metric unit of mass equal to onethousandth of kilogram and nearly equal to the mass of one cubic centimeter of water at its maximum density. Synonyms: Gram.
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Garaar: the joint or the region of the joint between the human hand and the arm or a corresponding part on a lower animal. Synonyms: Wrist.
Garab gooye: an enzootic usually fatal toxemia especially of young cattle caused by toxins produced by an anaerobic soil bacterium of genus Clostridium chauvoei synonyms Clostridium feseri called also black quarter, quarter evil, quarter ill, symptomatic anthrax. Synonyms: Black leg.
Garab: 1. the laterally projecting part of the human body formed of the bones and joints with their covering tissues by which the arm is connected with the trunk. 2. the region of the body of non human vertebrates that corresponds to the shoulder but is less projecting. Synonyms: Shoulder.
Garabdaar: 1. the power or faculty of gaining direct
knowledge or cognition without evident rational though and inference. 2. an immediate apprehension, cognition without reasoning or inferring. Synonyms: Intuition.
Garabkeen: presentation
of the fetus in which the breech is the first part to appear at the uterine cervix. Synonyms: Breech presentation.
Garabshinbir: a fleshy
mass of thickened conjunctiva that grows over part of the cornea usually from the inner side of the eyeball and causes a disturbance of vision. Synonyms: Pterygium.
Garangoor: the formation of, conversion into or process of discharging pus. Synonyms: Suppuration.
Garasho badan: an unusual, pathological sensitivity of the skin or of a particular sense to stimulation. Synonyms: Hyperesthesia.
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Garasho la’aan: 1. an incapable or lacking feeling of sensation as unconscious. 2. lacking sensory perception or ability to react. 3. not perceived by the senses. Synonyms: Insensible.
Garasho: 1. a mental process as seeing, hearing or smelling due to immediate bodily stimulation often as distinguished from awareness of the process. 2. the awareness as of heat or pain due to stimulation of a sense organ. 3. a state of consciousness of a kind usually due to physical objects or internal bodily changes. Synonyms: Sensation.
Garashobeel: 1. an incapable or lacking feeling of sensation as unconscious. 2. lacking sensory perception or ability to react. 3. not perceived by the senses. Synonyms: Insensible.
Garbab: the effects as nosebleed, nausea or headache of oxygen deficiency in the
blood and tissues developed at high altitudes with reduced atmospheric pressure. Synonyms: Altitude sickness.
Gardaad: the part of the body enclosed by the ribs and sternum. Synonyms: Chest.
Gargaar. 1. the act of help. 2. an assisting person or group. Synonyms: Aid.
Gargaarka degdega ah: an
emergency care or treatment given to an ill or injured person before regular medical aid can be obtained. Synonyms: First aid.
Gargaarto: a person who cares for the sick specifically a licensed healthcare professional who practices independently or is supervised by a physician, surgeon or dentist and who is skilled in promoting and maintaining health. Synonyms: Nurse.
Gargudub: 1. an improper
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or excessive use or treatment. 2. a physical maltreatment. Synonyms: Abuse.
Gariir1; 1. the action or the state of vibrating. 2. a periodic motion of the particles of an elastic body or medium in alternatively opposite directions from tire position of equilibrium when that equilibrium has been disturbed as when particles of air transmit sounds to the ear. Synonyms: Vibration.
Gariir2: 1. the act of shivering. 2. to undergo trembling as experience rapid involuntary muscular twitching especially in response to cold. Synonyms: Shiver.
Garmaame: a physical exercise designed to develop strength and coordination. Synonyms: Gymnastics.
Garmaaniyam: a greyish white hard brittle metalloid element resembles silicon and is used as a semiconductor. Synonyms: Germanium.
Garoome: 1. of or relating to puberty. 2. arriving at or having reached puberty. Synonyms: Pubescent.
Garoor: the primary tart taste sensation produced when milk become more acidic such as lemon juice, vinegar or through bacterial fermentation. Synonyms: Sour milk.
Garruumo: a random mating within a breeding population. Synonyms: Panmixia.
Garuuf: the outer most or superficial layer of an organ. Synonyms: Cortex.
Garwaaqsi geeri: a limit as of degree of heat or cold beyond which an organism or living protoplasm can not survive. Synonyms: Death point.
Garwaaqsi: 1. the power or process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained especially through associative mechanisms. 2. the store
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of things learned and retained form an organism’s activity or experience as indicated by modification of structure, behavior or by recall and recognition. Synonyms: Memory.
Gasar: a usually chronic highly variable disease that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Mycobacterium tuberculosis is usually communicated by inhalation of airborne causative agent, affects especially the lungs but may spread to others as the kidney or spinal column from local lesions or by way of the lymph or blood vessels, and is characterized by fever, cough, difficult in breathing, inflammatory infiltrations, formation of tubercles, caseation, pleural effusion and fibrosis also called TB. Synonyms: Tuberculosis.
Gebikayeer: 1. the repetition of a sound that is caused by reflection of sound waves. 2. the sound that is due to reflection of
sound waves. Synonyms: Echo.
Geeddi dhiig: any of several cattle diseases characterized by hematuria especially any of several babesioses in which hemoglobin liberated by the destruction of red blood cells appears in the urine. Synonyms: Red water.
Geedokaris: 1. the act or
process of boiling usually in water so as to extract the flavor or active principle. 2. an extract or liquid preparation obtained by decocting. 3. a liquid preparation made by boiling a medicinal plant with water usually in the proportion of 5 parts of the drug to 100 parts of water. Synonyms: Decoction.
Geedoyaqaan: a specialist in botany or in a branch of botany. Synonyms: Botanist.
Geelcaacis: any of a class Chilopoda of long flattened
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manysegmented predaceous anthropods with each segment bearing one pair of legs of which the foremost pair is modified into poison fangs. Synonyms: Centi pede.
Geeri: the irreversible cessation of all vita functions especially as indicated by permanent stoppage of the heart, respiration, and brain activity as the end of life. Synonyms: Death.
Geerimadow: 1. an epidemic disease causing a high rate of mortality. 2. a virulent contagious febrile disease that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Yersinia petstis synonyms Pasteurella pestis, that occurs in bubonic, pneumonic and septicemic forms and that is usually transmitted from rats to humans by the bite of infected fleas as in bubonic plague or directly from person to person as in pneumonic plague called also black death. Synonyms: Plague.
Gees ku toobid: the act or
instance of placing cups or cattle horn containing reduced air pressure sucking by introducing fire in the horn on the skin called also horn cupping. Synonyms: Fire cupping.
Ger: the milk secreted for a few days after parturition and characterized by high protein and antibody content. Synonyms: Colostrum.
Gesiin: 1. a material consisting essentially of protein, carbohydrate and fat used in the body of an organism to sustain growth, repair and vital processes and to furnish energy. 2. materials together with supplementary substances as minerals, vitamins and condiments. Synonyms: Food.
Geyngeyn: a stained dirty or contaminated with infecting organisms. Synonyms: Dirty.
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Geyre: a light gentile wind of from 6 to 50 kilometers an hour. Synonyms: Breeze.
Gibil1: the hue or appearance of the skin and especially of the face. Synonyms: Complexion.
Gibil2: the organized physical substance of an animal or plant either living or dead as the material part of nature of a human being. Synonyms: Body.
Giddiquute: an animal eating both animal and plant matter. Synonyms: Omnivorous.
Giirbaq: a progressive skin disorder that is a form of leukoderma caused by the localized or generalized destruction of melanocytes and marked by sharply circumscribed white spots of skin. Synonyms: Vitiligo.
Gilgil: a throat noise caused by air passing through mucus. Synonyms: Rattle.
Gilgilka wedka: a rattling
or gurgling sound produced by air passing through mucus in the lungs and air passages of a dying person. Synonyms: Death rattle.
God: an area of decay in a tooth. Synonyms: Cavity.
Godadle: the first, shortest, and widest part of the small intestine that in humans is about 10 inches equivalent 25 centimeters long and that extends from the pylorus to the under surface of the liver where it descends for a variable distance and receives the bile and pancreatic ducts and then bends to the left and finally upward to join the jejunum near the second lumbar vertebra. Synonyms: Duodenum.
Godka madaxa isha: the
bony cavity perforated for the passage of nerves and blood vessels that occupies the lateral front of the skull immediately beneath the frontal bone on each side and encloses and protects
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the eye and its appendages called also eye socket, orbital cavity. Synonyms: Orbit.
Godmiskood: the cupshaped
socket in the hipbone. Synonyms: Acetabulum.
Golaha xannaanada
hooyada & dhallaanka: a
unit center for the care of maternal and child health. Synonyms: MCH centre.
Golxo: an anatomical structure that resembles arches usually referred curved back towards front side. Synonyms: Arch.
Gommad xanuun: a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue. Synonyms: Abscess.
Gonbor: the part of the leg between the knee and the ankle in humans or the corresponding part in various other vertebrates. Synonyms: Shank.
Gonle cad: a family of venomous snakes with hollow
fangs found in the warmer parts of the world including cobras, mambas and coral snakes. Synonyms: Elapidae.
Gonle madow: a venomous and aggressive African elapid snake Naia nigricollis mossambica that rarely bits but discharges by spitting a venom that is harmless to the intact skin by may cause blindness if it enters the eyes called also spitting cobra. Synonyms: Blacknecked cobra.
Goof: an infection with or disease caused by aciinomy- ces especially a chronic disease of cattle and humans characterized by hard granulomatous masses usually in the mouth and jaws. Synonyms: Actinomycosis.
Goolow: failing to produce or incapable of producing offspring. Synonyms: Sterility.
Goon: a bone of the side of the face below the eye that
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in mammals forms part of the zygomatic arch and part of the orbit and articulates with the temporal, sphenoid and frontal bones and with the maxilla of the upper jaw called also cheekbone, jugal, malar bone, zygoma. Synonyms: Zygomatic bone.
Goonjab: a pain in one side of the head including eye, jaw or neck. Synonyms: Hemicrania.
Goorayaanka dheer: any
of the class Cestoda of flat- worms that are parasitic as adults in the alimentary tract of vertebrates include- ing humans and as larvae in a great variety of vertebrates and invertebrates, that typically consist of an attachment organ usually with suckers, grooves, hooks or other devices for adhering to the host’s intestine followed by an undifferentiated growth region from which buds off a chain of segments of which the anterior members are
little more than blocks of tissue, the median members have fully developed organs of both sexes, and the posterior members are degenerated to eggfilled sacs, that have no digestive system and absorb food through the body wall, and that have no digestive system and absorb food through the body wall, and that have a nervous system consisting of ganglia and commissures in the scolex and longitudinal cords extending the length of the strobila called also cestode. Synonyms: Tapeworm.
Gooryaan1: a nematode
worm of the family Ascari- dae. Synonyms: Ascarid.
Gooryaan2: any of various relatively small elongated usually naked and softbod- ied parasitic animals as of the phylum Platyhelminthes. Synonyms: Worm.
Gooryaanka ballaaran: any
of common name of intestinal parasite Bothriocephalus
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latum worm which causes a severe type of anemia. Synonyms: Bothriocephalus.
Gorofleged: 1. a speck, flake or blister on the mucous membranes as in the mouth or gastrointestal tract or on the lips characteristic of some diseases as thrush. 2. one of the vesicles filled with clear serous fluid that occur in the mouth, on the udder, and in the spaces between the digits of clovenfooted animals in some diseases. 3. a disease as footandmouth disease characterized by aphthae. Synonyms: Aphtha.
Goror: an attack of bleeding from the nose also called nosebleed. Synonyms: Epi- staxis.
Gosha: any of several
dipteran flies genus Glossi- na that occur in Africa especially south of Sahara and include vectors of human and animal trypanosomes that cause a serious disease called also sleeping sickness.
Synonyms: Tsetse fly.
Go wo: 1. a disease marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain. 2. a severe inflammatory or ulcerated condition of the mouth or throat. Synonyms: Angina.
Gows dambeed: a tooth with a rounded or flattened surface adapted for grinding specifically one of the mammalian teeth behind the incisors and canines sometimes includeing the premolars but more exactly restricted to the three posterior pairs in each human jaw on each side which are not preceded by milk teeth. Synonyms: Molar.
Gows horaad: 1. a premolar tooth that in humans is one of two each of each jaw called also bicuspid. 2. a milk tooth that occupies the position later taken by a premolar tooth of the permanent dentition. Synonyms: Premolar.
1 5 4
Gowska caqliga: the third molar that is the last tooth to erupt on each side of the upper and lower human jaw. Synonyms: Wisdom tooth.
Gowska curad: the third molar that is the last tooth to erupt on each side of the upper and lower human jaw. Synonyms: Wisdom tooth.
Gowska hore: 1. a premolar tooth that in humans is one of two each of each jaw called also bicuspid. 2. a milk tooth that occupies the position later taken by a premolar tooth of the permanent dentition. Synonyms: Premolar.
Gowti: something as an anatomical parts that protrudes. Synonyms: Protrusion.
Goynta lafta: a surgical operation in which a bone is divided or a piece of bone excised as to correct deformity. Synonyms: Osteotomy.
Gubad: 1. a bodily injury resulting from exposure to heat, caustics, electricity, or some radiations, marked by varying degrees of skin destruction and hyperemia often with the formation of watery blisters and in severe cases by charring of the tissues, and classified according to the extent and degree of the injury. 2. an abrasion having the appearance of a bum. 3. a burning sensation. Synonyms: Bum.
Gudaha u maroorsan: a
bending in or inward flexion. Synonyms: Introflex- ion.
Gudbiye: a bodily part of a nerve fiber that transmits excitation. Synonyms: Conductor.
Gudniin: the act of circumcising as the cutting off the foreskin of males that is practiced as a religious rite by both Jews and Muslims
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and as a sanitary measure in modem surgery. Synonyms: Circumcision.
Gudniinka Fircooniga: a
ditori dectomy especially as a cultural rite sometimes with removal of the labia that is now outlawed in most countries called also female circumcision. Synonyms: Female genital
mutilation.
Gudo: the internal or inner part of cavity of the living body. Synonyms: Interior.
Guduudxig: 1. lying outside the visible spectrum at its red end. 2. of, relating to, producing or employing infrared radiation. Synonyms: Infrared.
Guf: 1. a bodily structure as the mitral valve that closes temporarily a passage or orifice or permits movement of fluid in one direction only. 2. any of various mechanical devices by whidi the follow of liquid as blood may be started, stopped,
or regulated by a movable part that opens, shuts, or partially obstructs one or more ports or passageways. Synonyms: Valve.
Gufar: a matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid or accumulated especially in a living organism by a normal or abnormal process. Synonyms: Sediment.
Gujo: the hand clenched with the fingers doubled into the palm and the thumb doubled inward across the fingers. Synonyms: Fist.
Gumaar: the fold or depression marking the juncture of the lower abdomen and the inner part of the thigh. Synonyms: Groin.
Guntin: a usually firm or hard lump, swelling, or protuberance in or on a part of the body or a bone or process. Synonyms: Knot.
Gunuunucid: an atypical sound of the heart typically indicating a functional or structural abnormality
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called also heart murmur. Synonyms: Murmur.
Gurbaanka dhegta: a thin membrane separating the middle ear from the inner part of the external auditory canal that vibrates in response to sound energy and transmits the resulting mechanical vibrations to the structures of the middle ear called also eardrum, tympanum. Synonyms: Tympanic membrane.
Gurguurato: a pain occurring in or being the period following partition. Synonyms: Postpartum pain.
Guri ah: 1. not susceptible or responsive especially having a high degree of resistance to a disease. 2. having or producing antibodies or lymphocytes capable of reacting with a specific antigen. 3. a produced by, involved in, concerned with immunity or an immune response. Synonyms: Immune.
Guri: the quality or state of being immune especially a condition of being able to resist a particular disease especially through preventing development of a pathogenic microorganism or by counteracts effects of its products. Synonyms: Immunity.
Gurmogaan: 1. the basal portion of a bodily part as a limb remaining after the rest is removed. 2. a rudimentary or vestigial bodily part. Synonyms: Stump.
Gurran: the failure of the secretion of milk from any cause other than the normal ending of the lactation period. Synonyms: Agalactia.
Gurras: any of various
prickly or stinging plants other than one of the genus Urtica. Synonyms: Nettle.
Guruf: the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid. Synonyms: Sediment.
Guruuf: the outer or superficial part of an organ
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or body structure such as kidney, adrenal gland or a hair. Synonyms: Cortex.
Gurux: the more or less globular capsule of the vertebrate eye formed by the sclera and cornea together either their contained structures. Synonyms: Eyeball.
Gus: the male copulatory organ of a higher vertebrate animal that in mammals including humans usually functions as the channel by which urine leaves the body and is typically a cylindrical organ that is suspended from the pubic arch, contains a pair of large lateral corpora cavernosa and a smaller ventromedial corpus caverno- sum containing the urethra, and has a terminal glans enclosing the ends of tire corpora cavernosa, covered by mucous membrane, and sheathed by a foreskin continuous with the skin covering the body of the organ. Synonyms: Penis.
Guube: the placenta and fetal membranes that are expelled after delivery called also secundines. Synonyms: Afterbirth.
Guun1: a person of unusually small stature especially whose bodily proportions are abnormal. Synonyms: Dwarf.
Guun2: a very small person specifically a person of unusually small size who is physically wellpropor- tioned. Synonyms: Midget
Guurista ruugga: 1. a sudden or violent twist or wrench of a joint causing the stretching or tearing of ligaments and often rupture of blood vessels with hemorrhage into the tissues. 2. the condition resulting from a sprain that is usually marked by swelling, inflammation, hemorrhage and discoloration. Synonyms: Sprain.
Guux1: any of several pas- teurelloses of domestic
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animals as swine plague, shipping fever of cattle and lambs, and fowl cholera that are caused by a bacterium of the genus Pasteurella multocida and are typically marked by internal hemorrhages, fever, mucopurulent discharges, and often pneumonia and diarrhea. Synonyms: Hemorrhagic
septicemia
Guux2: a tumor as a hemangioma or lymphangioma composed chiefly of blood vessels or lymphatic vessels. Synonyms: Angioma.
Guuyo1: a person of unusually small stature especially whose bodily proportions are abnormal. Synonyms: Dwarf.
Guuyo2: a very small person specifically a person of unusually small size who is physically well proportioned. Synonyms: Midget®
H
Haar1: 1. a mark left as in the skin by the healing of injured tissue. 2. a lasting emotional injury. Synonyms: Scar.
Haar2: a ridge or lump raised on the body as by a blow or an allergic reaction. Synonyms: Welt.
Habbiso: lack of feeling or emotion. Synonyms: Apathy.
Habdarro: an abnormal
physical or mental condition. Synonyms: Disorder.
Habka khamiir dhalinta: a
process of producing ferme ntation. Synonyms: Zy-
mogenous.
Habka taranka: the system of organs and parts which function in reproduction consisting in the male especially of the tes159
tes, penis, seminal vesicles, prostate and urethra and in the female especially of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina and vulva. Synonyms: Reproductive system.
Hadaaq: 1. the syntactically imperfect speech or phonetically modified forms used by small children learning to talk. 2. the consciously imperfect or altered speech often used by adults in speaking to small children. Synonyms: Baby talk.
Hadaayad ricireed: any of
the tough elastic that are interposed between the central of adjoining vertebrae and that consist of an outer annulus fibrosus enclosing an inner nucleus pulposus. Synonyms: Intervertebral disk.
Hadalla’: 1. an inability to utter words in intelligible order. 2. a pathological refusal to speak. Synonyms: Aphasia.
Haddi: an aromatic and usually oily and resinous substance flowing from various plants especially any of several resinous substances containing benzoic or cinnamic acid and used especially in medicine. Synonyms: Balsam.
Hafad: the act or instance of suffocating because of excess of body fluid that interferes with the passage of oxygen from the lungs to the body as in pulmonary edema. Synonyms: Drown.
Hafeef: an inflammation of the skin caused by over exposure to ultraviolet radiation especially from sunlight. Synonyms: Sunburn.
Hafniyam: a metallic element that resembles zirconium chemically, occurs in zirconium minerals and readily absorbs neutrons. Synonyms: Hafnium.
Hafto: to breathe quickly, spasmodically, or in a labored manner. Synonyms:
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Panting.
Hagoog: a covering body part or membrane especially the inner embryonic membrane of higher vertebrates when covering the head at birth called also caul. Synonyms: Veil.
Halaamacood: a local response to cellular injury that is marked by capillary dilatation, leukocytic, infiltration, redness, heat and pain and that serves as a mechanism initiating the elimination of noxious agents and of damaged tissue. Synonyms: Inflammation.
Halaq: any of numerous limbless scaled reptiles suborder Serpen tes sync. Ophid- ia with a long tapering body and with salivary glands often modified to produce venom which is injected through grooved or tubular fangs. Synonyms: Snake.
Halbowle: any of the tubular branching muscular and
elasticwalled vessels that carry blood from the heart through the body. Synonyms: Artery.
Halumke: the capability of being transmitted by the bites of ticks. Synonyms: Tickborne disease.
Hamaansi: a wide opening of the mouth while taking a deep breath often as an involuntary reaction to fatigue and boredom. Synonyms: Yawn.
Hanaqaad: 1. having completed natural growth and development. 2. having undergone maturation. Synonyms: Mature.
Hangaraarac: any of a class Diplopoda of myriapod an- thropods having usually a cylindrical segmented body covered with hard integument, two pairs of legs on most apparent segments and unlike centipedes secrete no poison fangs. Synonyms: Millipede.
Hangaralle: any of an or161
der Scoiyicmida of nocturnal arachnids that leave an elongated body and a narrow segmented tail bearing a venomous stinger at the tip. Synonyms: Scorpion.
Hano: the part of the integument of the head usually covered with hair in both sexes. Synonyms: Scalp.
Hanqal: the part of the body enclosed by the ribs and sternum. Synonyms: Chest.
Hanqar: 1. a rhythmic fluctuations of voltage between parts of the brain resulting in the flow of an electric current. 2. a current produced by brain waves. Synonyms: Brainwave.
Har: 1. a partial darkness or obscurity within a part of space from which rays from a source of light are cut off by interposed opaque body. 2. a dark outline or image on an Xray photograph where the Xrays have been blocked by a radiopaque
mass as a tumor. 3. a colorless or scantily pigmented or stained body as a degenerate cell or empty membrane only faintly visible under the microscope. Synonyms: Shadow.
Haraaryo: to breathe quickly, spasmodically, or in a labored manner. Synonyms: Panting.
Haraatigeele: any of numerous planteating orthopterous insects Acrididae, Tettigoniidae, and some related families having the hind legs adapted for leaping and sometimes engaging in migratory flights in which whole regions may be stripped of vegetation. Synonyms: Grasshopper.
Harag: the twolayered covering of the body consisting of an outer ectodermal epidermis that is more or less cornfield and penetrated by the openings of sweat and sebaceous glands and an inner mesodermal dermis that is composed largely
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of connective tissue and is richly supplied with blood vessels and nerves. Synonyms: Skin.
Haragga toxobta leh: 1.
any of several skin diseases marked by the formation and desquamation of fine scales. 2. a disease of domestic animals marked by dry epithelial scales or scurf due to alteration of the function of the sebaceous glands and possibly associated with digestive disorders. Synonyms: Pityriasis.
Harbiye: 1. a device used to inject fluids into or withdraw them from something as the body or its cavities as a device that consists of a nozzle of varying length and a compressible rubber bulb and is used for injection or irrigation. 2. an instrument as for the injection of medicine or the withdrawal of bodily fluids that consists of a hollow barrel fitted with a plunger and a hollow needle. Synonyms:
Syringe.
Hargab ka tallaalid: 1. a
vaccine against influenza that typically contains a mixture of strains of influenza virus cultured in chick embryos as that is injectable and contains formal- dehydeinactivated influenza viruses. 2. a vaccine that is delivered as a nasal spray and contains live attenuated influenza viruses. Synonyms: Influenza vaccine.
Hargab1: an acute disease of the upper respiratory tract that is marked by inflammation of the mucous members of the nose, throat, eyes, and eutachian tubes and by a watery then purulent discharge and is caused by any of several viruses as the rhinovirus or an adenovirus called also cold. Synonyms: Common cold.
Hargab2: a common cold concentrated in the nasal passages and adjustment mucous tissues. Synonyms:
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Head cold.
Hargab3: any of several diseases caused by bacteria or viruses and marked especially by respiratory or intestinal symptoms. Synonyms: Flu.
Hargabka qurmuun: a
chronic disease of the nose accompanied by a fetid discharge and marked by atrophic charges in the nasal structures. Synonyms: Ozena.
Harmin: 1. the act or instance of contaminating. 2. the state of being contaminated. Synonyms: Contamination.
Harraad: 1. a sensation of dryness in the mouth and throat associated with a desire for liquids. 2. the bodily condition as of dehydration that induces this sensation. Synonyms: Thirst.
Hawo badnaan: a delusional mental disorder that is marked by feelings of personal omnipotence
and grandeur. Synonyms: Megalomania.
Hawo: a mixture of invisible odorless tasteles sound transmitting gases that is composed by volume chiefly of 78 percent nitrogen, 21 percent oxygen, 0.9 percent argon, 0.03 percent carbon dioxide, varying amounts of water vapor, and minute amounts of rare gases as helium, that surrounds the earth with half its mass within four miles of the earth’s surface, that has a pressure at sea level of about 14.7 pounds per square inch and that has a density of 1.293 grams per liter at 0°C. and 760 mm. pressure. Synonyms: Air.
Hawomareen: the main
trunk of the system of tubes by which air passes to and from the lungs that is about four inches equivalent to 10 centimeters long and somewhat less than an inch equal to 2.5 centimeters in diameter, extends down the front of the neck from the
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larynx, divides into two to form the bronchi, has walls of fibrous and muscular tissue stiffened by incomplete cartilaginous rings which keep it from collapsing, and is lined with mucous membrane whose epithelium is composed of columnar ciliated mucussecreting cells called also windpipe. Synonyms: Trachea.
Hay’ad da caafimaadka ad- duunka: the ‘United Nations specialized agency of the world health organization. Synonyms: WHO.
Hayaamiso: to touch as a throat lightly so as to excite the surface nerves and cause uneasiness, laughter or spasmodic movements. Synonyms: Tickling
throat.
Haydrojiin: a nonmetallic element that is the simplest and lightest of the elements and that is normally a colorless odorless highly flammable diatomic gas. Synonyms: Hydrogen.
Hayl: the aromatic capsular fruit of tropical herb Elettar- ia cardamonum of the ginger family with seeds used a spice and in medicine. Synonyms: Cardamom.
Haysimo: nausea and vomiting that occurs typically in the morning especially during the earlier months of pregnancy. Synonyms: Morning sickness.
Heedgeesley: 1. a hardy annual grass Secale cereale L. that is widely grown for grain and as a cover crop. 2. the seeds of rye used for bread flour, whiskey manufacture, feed for from animals and poultry and especially formerly in the roasted state as a coffee substitute. Synonyms: Rye.
Heen: 1. a glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by boiling especially a colloidal protein used as a food, in photography, and in medicine. 2. any of various substances as agar resembling gelatin. 3. an
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edible jelly made with gelatin. Synonyms: Gelatin.
Heer: a degree of severity of a disease or abnormal condition. Synonyms: Grade.
Heerbeeg: an instrument for determining temperature that usually consists either of a device providing a digital readout or of a glass bulb attached to a fine tube of glass with a numbered scale and containing a liquid as mercury7 or colored alcohol that is sealed in and rises and falls with change of temperature. Synonyms: Thermometer.
Heerkul: 1. the degree of heat that is natural to a living body. 2. a condition of abnormally high body heat. Synonyms: Temperature.
Heerkulka qolka: a temperature of from 15° to 25°C. which is suitable for human occupancy and at which laboratory experiments as usually performed. Synonyms: Room
temperature.
Heliyam: a light colorless nonflammable gaseous element found especially in natural gases and used chiefly for inflating airships and balloons, for filling incandescent lamps, and for cryogenic research. Synonyms: Helium.
Heyg: an elastic porous mass of interlacing horny fibers that forms tire internal skeleton of various marine animals Porifera phylum and is able when wetted to absorb liquid. Synonyms: Sponge.
Higgo: a spasmodic inhalation with closure of the glottis accompanied by a peculiar sound. Synonyms: Hiccup.
Hiihiile: a substance that through its chemical action usually kills injuries or impairs an organism. Synonyms: Poison.
Hiinraag: the drawing of air into the lungs. Syn-
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onyms: Inspiration.
Hiitin: having a body part and especially a limb so disabled as to impair freedom of movement like physically disabled. Synonyms: Lame.
Hilibdalqo: the pendent fleshy lobe in the middle of the posterior border of the soft palate. Synonyms: Uvula.
Hilibgo’: 1. an injury to tissue usually without laceration. 2. an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin called also bruise. Synonyms: Contusion.
Hilmaan: a usually progressive condition as Alzheimer’s disease marked by the development of multiple cognitive deficits as memory impairment, aphasia and inability to plan and initiate complex behavior. Synonyms: Dementia.
homesick. 2. a wistful or excessively sentimental sometimes abnormal yearning for return to or of some past period or irrecoverable condition. Synonyms: Nostalgia.
Himhimow: a dreamy state lacking tough with present reality, occurring in epilepsy, hysteria schizophrenia and sometimes induced with narcotics. Synonyms: Twilight.
Hindhiso: the act or instance of making a sudden violent spasmodic audible expiration of breath through the nose and mouth especially as a reflex act of following irritation of the nasal mucous membrane. Synonyms: Sneeze.
Hingil: the act of distending or the state of being distended especially unduly or abnormally. Synonyms: Distension.
Hiqhiq: the act or state of short of breath usually
Hilow: 1. the state of being
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during crying. Synonyms: Sobbing.
Hir: 1. a disturbance or variation that transfers energy progressively from point to point in a medium and that may take the form of an elastic deformation or of a variation of pressure, electrical or magnetic intensity, electrical potential or temperature. 2. an undulating or jagged line constituting a graphic representation of an action. Synonyms: Wave.
Hiraahir: a difficult or labored respiration. Synonyms: Dyspnea.
Hirarka gaagaaban ku daweyn: a generation of heat in the tissue by electric currents for medical or surgical purposes in which wavelengths of about 11 meters are employed called also shorzoave diathermy. Synonyms: Shortwave
therapy.
Hirarka gaagaaban: an
electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength equal to or less than that of visible light. Synonyms: Shortwave.
Hirbaac: the distance in the line of advance of a wave from any one point to the next point of corresponding phase. Synonyms: Wavelength.
Hititiq: coming and going at intervals being not continuous. Synonyms: Intermittent.
Hogfo: a leg bowed outwards at or below the knee called also gem* varum. Synonyms: Bowleg.
Holac ku culid: the act
or instance of cleansing or sterilizing by fire. Synonyms: Sterilize by flame.
Hollab: thin dry scales detached from the epidermis especially in an abnormal skin condition. Synonyms: Scurf.
Holmiyam: a metallic ele-
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merit of the rareearth group that occurs with yttrium and forms highly magnetic compounds. Synonyms: Holmium.
Hongod: a person with a humback. Synonyms: Hunchback.
Hongor: 1. a homy projection on the skin usually of the extremities produced by proliferation of the skin papillae and caused by any of numerous genotypes of the human papillomavims. 2. any of numerous warty skin lesions not caused by human papilloma viruses. Synonyms: Wart.
Honog: an attack of bleeding from the nose called also epistaxis. Synonyms: Nosebleed.
Hoolato: a loss of hair, wool or feathers. Synonyms: Alopecia.
Hoose: situated below
and closer to the feet. Synonyms: Inferior.
Hooyanimo: 1. being or providing care during and immediately before and after childbirth. 2. designed for wear during pregnancy. 3. an effective for the period close to and including childbirth. Synonyms: Maternity.
Horay u jalleec: a condition of being anteverted used especially of the uterus. Synonyms: Anteversion.
Hore: situated toward the front of the body as ventral used in human anatomy because of the upright posture of humans. Synonyms: Anterior.
Hormoon ku daweyn: 1. a
therapy involving the use of drugs or surgical procedures to suppress the production of or inhibit the effects of a hormone as estrogen or testosterone. 2. the therapeutic use of hormones as the administration of hormones especially to increase diminished levels in the body called also
169
hormone replacement therapy. Synonyms: Hormone therapy.
Hormoon: a product of living cells that circulates in body fluids as blood or sap and produces a specific often stimulatory effect on the activity of cells usually remote from its point of origin called also internal secretion. Synonyms: Hormone.
Horudhalow: happening, arriving, existing or performed before the proper, usual or intended time especially born after a gestation period of less than 37 weeks. Synonyms: Premature.
Horusocod: of, relating to, or being characterized by progress. Synonyms: Progressive.
Hota: 1. the act of stinging specifically the thrust of a stinger into the flesh. 2. a wound or pain caused by or as if by stinging. Synonyms: Sting.
Hud uureed: any of various hernias as an inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia or spigelian hernia in which an anatomical part as a section of the intestine protrudes through an opening, tear or weakness in the abdominal wall musculature. Synonyms: Abdominal
hernia.
Hud: a protrusion of an organ or part through connective tissue or through a wall of the cavity in which it is normally enclosed called also rupture. Synonyms: Hernia.
Hudda ceegsan: a hernia in which the blood supply of the herniated viscous is so constricted by swelling and congestion as to arrest its circulation. Synonyms: Strangulated hernia.
Hudda xuddumeed: a hernia of abdominal viscera at the navel called also exomphalos. Synonyms: Umbilical hernia.
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Hufnaanta: the conditions or practices as of cleanliness conductive to health. Synonyms: Hygiene.
Hule: a tuberculosis of lymph nodes especially in the neck called also king’s evil. Synonyms: Scrofula.
Humbululuq: a fluidfilled elevation of the epidermis. Synonyms: Blister.
Hunguri cadka ah: the
main trunk of the system of tubes by which air passes to and from the lungs that is about four inches equivalent to 10 centimeters long and somewhat less than an inch equal to 2.5 centimeters in diameter, extends down the front of the neck from the larynx, divides into two to form the bronchi, has walls of fibrous and muscular tissue stiffened by incomplete cartilaginous rings which keep it from collapsing, and is lined with mucous membrane whose epithelium is composed of columnar ciliated
mucussecreting cells called also windpipe. Synonyms: Trachea.
Hunguri mareen: a muscular tube that an adult humans is nine inches about 23 centimeters long and passes from the pharynx down the neck between the trachea and the spinal column and behind the left bronchus where it pierces the diaphragm slightly to the left of the middle line and joins the cardiac end of the stomach. Synonyms: Esophagus.
Hunguri: 1. the part of the neck in front of the spinal column. 2. the passage through the throat to the stomach and lungs containing the pharynx and upper part of the esophagus, the larynx and the trachea. Synonyms: Throat.
Hunqaaco: an act or instance of disgorging the contents of the stomach through the mouth also called emesis. Synonyms:
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Vomiting.
Hurdo la’aan: a prolonged and usually abnormal inability to obtain adequate sleep called also agrypnia. Synonyms: Insomnia.
Hurdo: the natural periodic suspension of consciousness during which the powers of the body are restored. Synonyms: Sleep.
Hurdoleged: a condition characterized by brief attacks of deep sleep often occurring with cataplexy and hvpnologic hallucinations. Synonyms: Narcolepsy.
Hurgumo: 1. an infective agent or material contaminated with an infective agent. 2. the state produced by the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host. 3. a disease resulting from infection. Synonyms: Infection.
Hurgun labakac leh: an infection following recovery from or superimposed on
a previous infection of the same type. Synonyms: Reinfection.
Hurid: a local response to cellular injury that is marked by capillary dilatation, leukocytic infiltration, redness, heat, pain, swelling and often loss of function and that serves as a mechanism initiating the elimination of noxious agents and of damaged tissue. Synonyms: Inflammation.
Huruud: 1. the deep orange aromatic pungent dried stigmas of a purpleflow- ered crocus used to color and flavor of foods and formerly as a dyestuff and as a stimulant antispasmodic emmenagogue in medicine. 2. a purpleflowered Crocus sativus that is the source of saffron called also saffron crocus. Synonyms: Saffron.
Huur ku daweyn: a treatment of disease by heat as by hot air, hot baths or diathermy. Synonyms: Ther-
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motherapy.
Huur1: a containing or characterized by perceptible moisture especially to the point of being oppressive. Synonyms: Humid.
Huur2: a saline fluid drat is secreted by sweat glands, that consists chiefly of water containing sodium chloride and other salts, nitrogenous substances as urea, carbon dioxide, and other solutes, and that serves both as a means of excretion and as a regulator of body temperature through the cooling effect of its evaporation. Synonyms: Perspiration.
Huurhuur: any of several skin diseases characterized by the eruption of wide flat papules covered by a horny glazed film, marked by intense itching, and often accompanied by lesions on the oral mucosa called also lichen planus. Synonyms: Lichen.
Huuro: an incrustation
on the teeth consisting of plague that has become hardened by the deposition of mineral salts as calcium carbonate. Synonyms: Tartar.
Huwis: 1. an enclosing or covering membrane or tissue. 2. an enveloping membrane or layer of body tissue called also tunica. Synonyms: Tunic®
I
lb: an opening through which something may pass. Synonyms: Orifice.
Ibta kaadi mareenka: a
natural body passage of the urine. Synonyms: Urine meatus.
Ibta naaska: 1. the protuberance of a mammy gland
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upon which in the female the lactiferous ducts open and form which milk is drawn. 2. an artificial teat through which a bottlefed infant nurses. Synonyms: Nipple.
If ku daweyn: the use of
strong light as or 10.000 lux intensity for treatment of depression and gloom as in seasonal affective disorder called also light treatment, phototherapy. Synonyms: Light therapy.
If: 1. a source of light. 2. the sensation aroused by stimulation of the visual receptors. Synonyms: Light.
Ifafaale: a fact or event of scientific interest susceptible of scientific description and explanation. Synonyms: Phenomenon.
Ifilo: 1. any of numerous febrile usually virus diseases of domestic animals marked by respiratory symptoms, inflammation of mucous membranes, and
often systematic involvement. 2. an acute typically severe respiratory disease caused by an orthomyxovirus species Influenza A vims of the genus Influenzavirus A and marked by sudden onset, fever, prostration, severe aches and pains and progressive inflammation of the respiratory mucous membranes also called influenza A. 3. a disturb either of two usually milder or even subclinical respiratory diseases caused by two other orthomyxovirusus species Influenza B virus of the genus Influenzavirus B and species Influenza C virus and the genes Influenzavirus C often used with the letter B or C to denote the causative species. Synonyms: Influenza.
Ifiso: 1. the action of supplying or brightening with light or the resulting state. 2. the luminous flux per unit area on an intercepting surface at any given point called also illuminance.
1 7 4
Ifkabaq: 1. intolerance to light especially painful sensitiveness to strong light. 2. an abnormal fear of light. Synonyms: Photophobia.
Ifqoraxayn: 1. an exposure to radiation as ultraviolet light of radiation as Xrays or gamma rays especially for therapeutic purposes.
2. an apparent enlargement of a light or bright object or surface when displaced against a dark background.
3. the radiation of a physiologically active agent from a point of origin within the body especially the spread of a nervous impulse beyond the usual conduction path. Synonyms: Irradiation.
Iftiin: 1. a source of light. 2. the sensation aroused by stimulation of the visual receptors. Synonyms: Light.
Iil: a tomb for which a corpse is fitted to rest. Synonyms: Niche.
S y n on ym s : Illum in a tion .
Iin: a lack or deficiency of something necessary for adequacy in form or function. Synonyms: Defect.
II aleel: a clouding of the lens of the eye or of its surrounding transparent membrane that obstructs the passage of light. Synonyms: Cataract.
II jebin: 1. a quick closing and opening of the eyelids. 2. to close and open the eyes involuntarily as when struggling against drowsiness or when dazzled called also blink. Synonyms: Wink.
II qandac: a spring whose water issues at a temperature higher than that of its surroundings called also hot spring. Synonyms: Thermal spring.
II: 1. an organ of sight especially a nearly spherical hollow organ that is lined with a sensitive retina, is lodged in a bony orbit in the skull, is the vertebrate
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organ of sight, and is normally paired. 2. all the visible structures within and surrounding the orbit and including eyelids, eyelashes and eyebrows. Synonyms: Eye.
Ilaalis: 1. the quality or state of being wakeful and alert. 2. a degree of wakefulness or responsiveness to stimuli. Synonyms: Vigilance.
llayka fallaarta ekis: a
vacuum tube in which a concentrated stream of electrons from the a cathode strike a metal target and produces Xrays from the side of the tube at right angles in a quantity and intensity that is controlled by the cathode temperature and with a wavelength and hardness that depends upon the voltage applied to the tube terminals. Synonyms: Xray tube.
Ilays: 1. a source of light. 2. the sensation aroused by stimulation of the visual receptors. Synonyms: Light.
Ilaysraac: 1. a tropism in which light is the orienting stimulus. 2. the reversible change in color of a substance produced by the formation of an isomeric modification when exposed to radiant energy as light. Synonyms: Phototropism.
Ilbirqin: a usually involuntary shutting and opening of the eye. Synonyms: Blink.
Ilbuqa: a strabismus in which the eye turns inward toward the nose called also estropia. Synonyms: Crosseyed.
Ildaran: a very series or dangerous to life used of an illness or its prospects. Synonyms: Grave.
Ilfuur: a disease of the eye marked by increased pressure within the eyeball that can result in damage to the optic disk and gradual loss of vision. Synonyms: Glaucoma.
Ilgoon: a bony cavity per-
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forated for the passage of nerves and blood vessels that occupies the lateral front of the skull immediately beneath the frontal bone on each side and encloses and protects the eye and its appendages called also eye socket, orbital cavity. Synonyms: Orbit.
Ilgurux: the more or less globular capsule of the vertebrate eye formed by the sclera and cornea together with their contained structures. Synonyms: Eyeball.
Ilig xanuun: a pain in or about a tooth called also odontalgia. Synonyms: Toothache.
Ilig: any of the hard bony appendages that are borne on the jaws and serve especially for the prehension and mastication of food. Synonyms: Tooth.
Ilka baxsi: the character of a set of teeth especially with regard to their number, kind and arrangement.
Ilkaysad: 1. the first growth of teeth. 2. the phenomena accompanying the growth of teeth through the gums. Synonyms: Teething.
Ilkaysasho: the character of a set of teeth especially with regard to their number, kind and arrangement. Synonyms: Dentition.
Ilko caanood: a temporary tooth of a young mammal especially one of the human dentition including four incisors, two canines, and four molars in each jaw which fall out during childhood and are replaced by the permanent teeth called also baby tooth, deciduous tooth, primary tooth. Synonyms: Milk tooth.
Ilko negi: one of the second set of teeth of a mammal that follow that follow the milk teeth, typically persist into old age, and in humans are 32 in number including 4 incisors, 2 canines, 10 pre-
S y n on ym s : Dentition.
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molars and molars in each jaw. Synonyms: Permanent
tooth.
Ilko xanuun: a pain in or about a tooth called also toothache. Synonyms: Odontalgia.
Illin: 1. a drop of a clear saline fluid secreted by the lacrimal gland and diffused between the eye and eyelids to moisten the parts and facilitate their motion. 2. a secretion of profuse tears that overflow the eyelids and dampen the face. Synonyms: Tear.
Ilmagelid: the process of becoming pregnant involving fertilization or implantation. Synonyms: Conception.
Umaqabato: 1. of, relating to, or conducted with the microscope or microscopy. 2. so small or fine as to be invisible or indistinguishable without the use of a microscope. Synonyms: Microscopic.
llmaside: an organ in female mammals for containing and usually for nourishing the young during development prior to birth that consists of a greatly modified and enlarged section of an oviduct as in rodents and marsupials or of the two oviducts united as in the higher primates including humans, that has thick walls consisting of an outer serous layer, a very thick middle layer of smooth muscle, and an inner mucous layer containing numerous glands, and that during pregnancy undergoes great increase in size and change in the condition of its walls called also womb. Synonyms: Uterus.
Ilmo nuuga: the process or act of giving milk to from the breast. Synonyms: Suckling.
Ilmo1: young person especially between infancy and youth. Synonyms: Children.
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Ilmo2:1. a drop of clear saline fluid secreted by the lacrimal gland and diffused between the eye and eyelids to moisten the parts and facilitate their motion. 2. a secretion of profuse tears that overflow the eyelids an dampen the face. Synonyms: Tear.
Ilmodhaliin: the act of bringing forth children as parturition. Synonyms: Childbearing.
Ilmogaleen: an organ in female mammals for containing and usually for nourishing the young during development prior to birth that consists of a greatly modified and enlarged section of an oviduct as in rodents and marsupials or of the two oviducts united as in the higher primates including humans, that has thick walls consisting of an outer serous layer, a very thick middle layer of smooth muscle, and an inner mucous layer containing numerous glands, and
that during pregnancy undergoes great increase in size and change in the condition of its walls called also uterus. Synonyms: Womb.
Ilow: a usually progressive condition as Alzheimer7 s disease marked by the development of multiple cognitive deficits as memory impairment, aphasia,